Asianization in the Gulf: A Fresh Outlook View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2019-11-28

AUTHORS

S. Irudaya Rajan , Ginu Zacharia Oommen

ABSTRACT

Asia’s historical contacts with the Gulf region date back to ancient times. Many historians have documented the existence of Indian settlements and merchant guilds in Aden and other prominent Gulf ports prior to the discovery of oil in the region (Secombe and Lawless 1986). In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the industrialization process, pearl trading, Haj and the requirement of skilled workers in the ports had prompted the flow of Indian migrants to the Persian Gulf region. These included ordinary artisans, masons, technicians, clerks and administrative personnel during the colonial times, largely to support the British colonial apparatus in the region (Kumar 2016). The colonial rulers used ‘Indian subjects’ as treasured resources to sustain and operate critical ventures like communication, education, health, bureaucracy, postal services and so on. Later, in the 1930s major Western oil companies like Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) and Aramco Gulf Operations Company Limited and Petroleum Development Qatar (PDQ) employed a substantial number of labourers from the subcontinent and a recruiting office was established in Surat (Kumar 2016). Thus, by late 1950s, Indian and Pakistani migrant workers constituted the largest workforce in many Gulf countries particularly in Kuwait and Bahrain. More... »

PAGES

1-17

Book

TITLE

Asianization of Migrant Workers in the Gulf Countries

ISBN

978-981-32-9286-4
978-981-32-9287-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122955422


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/21", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "History and Archaeology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Historical Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.433028.e", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rajan", 
        "givenName": "S. Irudaya", 
        "id": "sg:person.01134466074.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134466074.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kerala Public Service Commission, Trivandrum, Kerala, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Kerala Public Service Commission, Trivandrum, Kerala, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Oommen", 
        "givenName": "Ginu Zacharia", 
        "id": "sg:person.015231202613.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015231202613.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-11-28", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-11-28", 
    "description": "Asia\u2019s historical contacts with the Gulf region date back to ancient times. Many historians have documented the existence of Indian settlements and merchant guilds in Aden and other prominent Gulf ports prior to the discovery of oil in the region (Secombe and Lawless 1986). In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the industrialization process, pearl trading, Haj and the requirement of skilled workers in the ports had prompted the flow of Indian migrants to the Persian Gulf region. These included ordinary artisans, masons, technicians, clerks and administrative personnel during the colonial times, largely to support the British colonial apparatus in the region (Kumar 2016). The colonial rulers used \u2018Indian subjects\u2019 as treasured resources to sustain and operate critical ventures like communication, education, health, bureaucracy, postal services and so on. Later, in the 1930s major Western oil companies like Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) and Aramco Gulf Operations Company Limited and Petroleum Development Qatar (PDQ) employed a substantial number of labourers from the subcontinent and a recruiting office was established in Surat (Kumar 2016). Thus, by late 1950s, Indian and Pakistani migrant workers constituted the largest workforce in many Gulf countries particularly in Kuwait and Bahrain.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Rajan", 
        "givenName": "S. Irudaya", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Oommen", 
        "givenName": "Ginu Zacharia", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-981-32-9286-4", 
        "978-981-32-9287-1"
      ], 
      "name": "Asianization of Migrant Workers in the Gulf Countries", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "historical contact", 
      "Persian Gulf region", 
      "discovery of oil", 
      "colonial rulers", 
      "nineteenth century", 
      "colonial apparatus", 
      "Indian settlements", 
      "merchant guilds", 
      "colonial times", 
      "critical venture", 
      "region date", 
      "Kuwait Oil Company", 
      "Gulf ports", 
      "late 1950s", 
      "Western oil companies", 
      "Indian migrants", 
      "ancient times", 
      "fresh outlook", 
      "recruiting office", 
      "industrialization process", 
      "Gulf region", 
      "oil companies", 
      "migrant workers", 
      "postal services", 
      "Indian subjects", 
      "Gulf countries", 
      "Company Limited", 
      "historians", 
      "Asianization", 
      "rulers", 
      "century", 
      "artisans", 
      "large workforce", 
      "settlement", 
      "laborers", 
      "Mason", 
      "bureaucracy", 
      "subcontinent", 
      "clerks", 
      "Aden", 
      "migrants", 
      "ports", 
      "skilled workers", 
      "Haj", 
      "beginning", 
      "Surat", 
      "administrative personnel", 
      "office", 
      "Bahrain", 
      "guilds", 
      "outlook", 
      "ventures", 
      "countries", 
      "workers", 
      "Gulf", 
      "Kuwait", 
      "Qatar", 
      "region", 
      "date", 
      "discovery", 
      "substantial number", 
      "education", 
      "time", 
      "trading", 
      "companies", 
      "existence", 
      "personnel", 
      "resources", 
      "subjects", 
      "workforce", 
      "contact", 
      "Limited", 
      "technicians", 
      "apparatus", 
      "services", 
      "communication", 
      "process", 
      "number", 
      "health", 
      "oil", 
      "flow", 
      "requirements", 
      "Asia\u2019s historical contacts", 
      "Gulf region date", 
      "prominent Gulf ports", 
      "pearl trading", 
      "ordinary artisans", 
      "British colonial apparatus", 
      "major Western oil companies", 
      "Aramco Gulf Operations Company Limited", 
      "Gulf Operations Company Limited", 
      "Operations Company Limited", 
      "Petroleum Development Qatar", 
      "Development Qatar", 
      "Pakistani migrant workers"
    ], 
    "name": "Asianization in the Gulf: A Fresh Outlook", 
    "pagination": "1-17", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1122955422"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122955422"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T19:06", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_109.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

170 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      120 URIs      113 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1 schema:about anzsrc-for:21
2 anzsrc-for:2103
3 schema:author N77c7fa038a04493ba4282db701908b33
4 schema:datePublished 2019-11-28
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-11-28
6 schema:description Asia’s historical contacts with the Gulf region date back to ancient times. Many historians have documented the existence of Indian settlements and merchant guilds in Aden and other prominent Gulf ports prior to the discovery of oil in the region (Secombe and Lawless 1986). In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the industrialization process, pearl trading, Haj and the requirement of skilled workers in the ports had prompted the flow of Indian migrants to the Persian Gulf region. These included ordinary artisans, masons, technicians, clerks and administrative personnel during the colonial times, largely to support the British colonial apparatus in the region (Kumar 2016). The colonial rulers used ‘Indian subjects’ as treasured resources to sustain and operate critical ventures like communication, education, health, bureaucracy, postal services and so on. Later, in the 1930s major Western oil companies like Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) and Aramco Gulf Operations Company Limited and Petroleum Development Qatar (PDQ) employed a substantial number of labourers from the subcontinent and a recruiting office was established in Surat (Kumar 2016). Thus, by late 1950s, Indian and Pakistani migrant workers constituted the largest workforce in many Gulf countries particularly in Kuwait and Bahrain.
7 schema:editor N8ba72651cac742a8b78aade7a9b596bf
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf N8d29de65cae9477e89088e8ea31b436a
12 schema:keywords Aden
13 Aramco Gulf Operations Company Limited
14 Asianization
15 Asia’s historical contacts
16 Bahrain
17 British colonial apparatus
18 Company Limited
19 Development Qatar
20 Gulf
21 Gulf Operations Company Limited
22 Gulf countries
23 Gulf ports
24 Gulf region
25 Gulf region date
26 Haj
27 Indian migrants
28 Indian settlements
29 Indian subjects
30 Kuwait
31 Kuwait Oil Company
32 Limited
33 Mason
34 Operations Company Limited
35 Pakistani migrant workers
36 Persian Gulf region
37 Petroleum Development Qatar
38 Qatar
39 Surat
40 Western oil companies
41 administrative personnel
42 ancient times
43 apparatus
44 artisans
45 beginning
46 bureaucracy
47 century
48 clerks
49 colonial apparatus
50 colonial rulers
51 colonial times
52 communication
53 companies
54 contact
55 countries
56 critical venture
57 date
58 discovery
59 discovery of oil
60 education
61 existence
62 flow
63 fresh outlook
64 guilds
65 health
66 historians
67 historical contact
68 industrialization process
69 laborers
70 large workforce
71 late 1950s
72 major Western oil companies
73 merchant guilds
74 migrant workers
75 migrants
76 nineteenth century
77 number
78 office
79 oil
80 oil companies
81 ordinary artisans
82 outlook
83 pearl trading
84 personnel
85 ports
86 postal services
87 process
88 prominent Gulf ports
89 recruiting office
90 region
91 region date
92 requirements
93 resources
94 rulers
95 services
96 settlement
97 skilled workers
98 subcontinent
99 subjects
100 substantial number
101 technicians
102 time
103 trading
104 ventures
105 workers
106 workforce
107 schema:name Asianization in the Gulf: A Fresh Outlook
108 schema:pagination 1-17
109 schema:productId N2d0b3b1805ad4116b26d104757e9bfaa
110 N7dec5445b33b4329b501ba689f322c05
111 schema:publisher N79ea838b114a43e2838547924c1f1acb
112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122955422
113 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1
114 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T19:06
115 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
116 schema:sdPublisher N4ee3dcd7ff354daa9bfb1e1b637a1455
117 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1
118 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
119 sgo:sdDataset chapters
120 rdf:type schema:Chapter
121 N07276a4c4eaa46879237ebdde24dcf55 schema:familyName Rajan
122 schema:givenName S. Irudaya
123 rdf:type schema:Person
124 N2d0b3b1805ad4116b26d104757e9bfaa schema:name doi
125 schema:value 10.1007/978-981-32-9287-1_1
126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
127 N4ee3dcd7ff354daa9bfb1e1b637a1455 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
129 N77c7fa038a04493ba4282db701908b33 rdf:first sg:person.01134466074.83
130 rdf:rest Ncc7f23fa09844e9aac08c883d9caab63
131 N79ea838b114a43e2838547924c1f1acb schema:name Springer Nature
132 rdf:type schema:Organisation
133 N7dec5445b33b4329b501ba689f322c05 schema:name dimensions_id
134 schema:value pub.1122955422
135 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
136 N8ba72651cac742a8b78aade7a9b596bf rdf:first N07276a4c4eaa46879237ebdde24dcf55
137 rdf:rest Nf0cba2cce6fb4fcdb178b8755a3127a3
138 N8d29de65cae9477e89088e8ea31b436a schema:isbn 978-981-32-9286-4
139 978-981-32-9287-1
140 schema:name Asianization of Migrant Workers in the Gulf Countries
141 rdf:type schema:Book
142 Nc91d931dc8e84b748458a08a73761243 schema:familyName Oommen
143 schema:givenName Ginu Zacharia
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 Ncc7f23fa09844e9aac08c883d9caab63 rdf:first sg:person.015231202613.55
146 rdf:rest rdf:nil
147 Nf0cba2cce6fb4fcdb178b8755a3127a3 rdf:first Nc91d931dc8e84b748458a08a73761243
148 rdf:rest rdf:nil
149 anzsrc-for:21 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
150 schema:name History and Archaeology
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 anzsrc-for:2103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
153 schema:name Historical Studies
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 sg:person.01134466074.83 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.433028.e
156 schema:familyName Rajan
157 schema:givenName S. Irudaya
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134466074.83
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 sg:person.015231202613.55 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
161 schema:familyName Oommen
162 schema:givenName Ginu Zacharia
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015231202613.55
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Kerala Public Service Commission, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
166 schema:name Kerala Public Service Commission, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
167 rdf:type schema:Organization
168 grid-institutes:grid.433028.e schema:alternateName Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
169 schema:name Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
170 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...