Migration to the Middle East: Issues and Prospects View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2019-10-11

AUTHORS

S. Irudaya Rajan , Prem Saxena

ABSTRACT

Middle East countries absorbed high volume of labourers from Asia to work in both unskilled and semi-skilled jobs. This mobility has given rise to various issues; unsolved labour issues such as operation of illegal recruiting agents and illegal migration, and problems such as salary issues, working and living conditions and abuse at destination countries are discussed in this chapter, with major focus on India. Importantly, emerging new destinations like Israel are discussed to highlight the swift mobility of Asian female care workers from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries due to large number of exploitations reported in recent years and the ban imposed by some source countries in Asia to recruit female care workers. Thus, gender-wise and sector-wise labour mobility to Middle East is discussed to show the characteristics of Asian migrant workforce in this region. Finally, the economic diversification taking place in the Gulf countries shows optimism with regard to their economic growth and job creation. However, in the past few years we saw a decline in Asian workforce moving to Gulf, but the ongoing economic reforms in Gulf needs cheap expatriate workers to meet their labour shortage in private sectors. More... »

PAGES

1-27

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1121654771


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/16", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Studies in Human Society", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1603", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Demography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Policy and Administration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Development Studies, Ulloor Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.433028.e", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Development Studies, Ulloor Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rajan", 
        "givenName": "S. Irudaya", 
        "id": "sg:person.01134466074.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134466074.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Population Studies, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22903.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Population Studies, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saxena", 
        "givenName": "Prem", 
        "id": "sg:person.015443501647.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015443501647.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-10-11", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-10-11", 
    "description": "Middle East countries absorbed high volume of labourers from Asia to work in both unskilled and semi-skilled jobs. This mobility has given rise to various issues; unsolved labour issues such as operation of illegal recruiting agents and illegal migration, and problems such as salary issues, working and living conditions and abuse at destination countries are discussed in this chapter, with major focus on India. Importantly, emerging new destinations like Israel are discussed to highlight the swift mobility of Asian female care workers from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries due to large number of exploitations reported in recent years and the ban imposed by some source countries in Asia to recruit female care workers. Thus, gender-wise and sector-wise labour mobility to Middle East is discussed to show the characteristics of Asian migrant workforce in this region. Finally, the economic diversification taking place in the Gulf countries shows optimism with regard to their economic growth and job creation. However, in the past few years we saw a decline in Asian workforce moving to Gulf, but the ongoing economic reforms in Gulf needs cheap expatriate workers to meet their labour shortage in private sectors.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Rajan", 
        "givenName": "S. Irudaya", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Saxena", 
        "givenName": "Prem", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-981-13-9223-8", 
        "978-981-13-9224-5"
      ], 
      "name": "India's Low-Skilled Migration to the Middle East", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "female care workers", 
      "Middle East", 
      "ongoing economic reforms", 
      "Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries", 
      "semi-skilled jobs", 
      "illegal migration", 
      "migrant workforce", 
      "economic reforms", 
      "destination countries", 
      "labor mobility", 
      "labor issues", 
      "economic diversification", 
      "private sector", 
      "new destinations", 
      "expatriate workers", 
      "source countries", 
      "labor shortage", 
      "job creation", 
      "Gulf countries", 
      "living conditions", 
      "Middle East countries", 
      "economic growth", 
      "recruiting agent", 
      "swift mobility", 
      "care workers", 
      "countries", 
      "salary issues", 
      "workers", 
      "East countries", 
      "workforce", 
      "Asia", 
      "issues", 
      "East", 
      "reform", 
      "laborers", 
      "mobility", 
      "sector", 
      "migration", 
      "recent years", 
      "abuse", 
      "Israel", 
      "major focus", 
      "India", 
      "jobs", 
      "ban", 
      "optimism", 
      "creation", 
      "destination", 
      "place", 
      "prospects", 
      "focus", 
      "chapter", 
      "exploitation", 
      "diversification", 
      "shortage", 
      "rise", 
      "regard", 
      "Gulf", 
      "growth", 
      "decline", 
      "years", 
      "high volume", 
      "problem", 
      "region", 
      "large number", 
      "characteristics", 
      "number", 
      "operation", 
      "volume", 
      "conditions", 
      "agents", 
      "unsolved labour issues", 
      "illegal recruiting agents", 
      "Asian female care workers", 
      "Cooperation Council (GCC) countries", 
      "Council (GCC) countries", 
      "sector-wise labour mobility", 
      "Asian migrant workforce", 
      "Asian workforce", 
      "cheap expatriate workers"
    ], 
    "name": "Migration to the Middle East: Issues and Prospects", 
    "pagination": "1-27", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1121654771"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1121654771"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T19:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_191.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

167 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      107 URIs      97 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 anzsrc-for:16
4 anzsrc-for:1603
5 anzsrc-for:1605
6 schema:author Nfff35cbcd3484a1a8603c41626e2a3cf
7 schema:datePublished 2019-10-11
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-10-11
9 schema:description Middle East countries absorbed high volume of labourers from Asia to work in both unskilled and semi-skilled jobs. This mobility has given rise to various issues; unsolved labour issues such as operation of illegal recruiting agents and illegal migration, and problems such as salary issues, working and living conditions and abuse at destination countries are discussed in this chapter, with major focus on India. Importantly, emerging new destinations like Israel are discussed to highlight the swift mobility of Asian female care workers from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries due to large number of exploitations reported in recent years and the ban imposed by some source countries in Asia to recruit female care workers. Thus, gender-wise and sector-wise labour mobility to Middle East is discussed to show the characteristics of Asian migrant workforce in this region. Finally, the economic diversification taking place in the Gulf countries shows optimism with regard to their economic growth and job creation. However, in the past few years we saw a decline in Asian workforce moving to Gulf, but the ongoing economic reforms in Gulf needs cheap expatriate workers to meet their labour shortage in private sectors.
10 schema:editor N9f950aaf7aef4da5bee567c2913bb03a
11 schema:genre chapter
12 schema:inLanguage en
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
14 schema:isPartOf Nd0af15fe7a83435bbd2eec8a4901b9f3
15 schema:keywords Asia
16 Asian female care workers
17 Asian migrant workforce
18 Asian workforce
19 Cooperation Council (GCC) countries
20 Council (GCC) countries
21 East
22 East countries
23 Gulf
24 Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries
25 Gulf countries
26 India
27 Israel
28 Middle East
29 Middle East countries
30 abuse
31 agents
32 ban
33 care workers
34 chapter
35 characteristics
36 cheap expatriate workers
37 conditions
38 countries
39 creation
40 decline
41 destination
42 destination countries
43 diversification
44 economic diversification
45 economic growth
46 economic reforms
47 expatriate workers
48 exploitation
49 female care workers
50 focus
51 growth
52 high volume
53 illegal migration
54 illegal recruiting agents
55 issues
56 job creation
57 jobs
58 labor issues
59 labor mobility
60 labor shortage
61 laborers
62 large number
63 living conditions
64 major focus
65 migrant workforce
66 migration
67 mobility
68 new destinations
69 number
70 ongoing economic reforms
71 operation
72 optimism
73 place
74 private sector
75 problem
76 prospects
77 recent years
78 recruiting agent
79 reform
80 regard
81 region
82 rise
83 salary issues
84 sector
85 sector-wise labour mobility
86 semi-skilled jobs
87 shortage
88 source countries
89 swift mobility
90 unsolved labour issues
91 volume
92 workers
93 workforce
94 years
95 schema:name Migration to the Middle East: Issues and Prospects
96 schema:pagination 1-27
97 schema:productId N4ef8e72536bd4f809e4d3d7d2d9a8abe
98 N5dbd3aad28d4418bac66b0ac491080da
99 schema:publisher N49ef9445c3e445bb824da845453db88c
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1121654771
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1
102 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T19:11
103 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
104 schema:sdPublisher Nfd69da4ff8194aaf96db7445deff0138
105 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1
106 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
107 sgo:sdDataset chapters
108 rdf:type schema:Chapter
109 N17c0d56d22fd45d4a75ab6abeefd0614 rdf:first sg:person.015443501647.03
110 rdf:rest rdf:nil
111 N49ef9445c3e445bb824da845453db88c schema:name Springer Nature
112 rdf:type schema:Organisation
113 N4ef8e72536bd4f809e4d3d7d2d9a8abe schema:name doi
114 schema:value 10.1007/978-981-13-9224-5_1
115 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
116 N5dbd3aad28d4418bac66b0ac491080da schema:name dimensions_id
117 schema:value pub.1121654771
118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
119 N97e7202beec54dffabc0708b85204b76 schema:familyName Rajan
120 schema:givenName S. Irudaya
121 rdf:type schema:Person
122 N9aae3754c67e447c8e973b4b7906c86a schema:familyName Saxena
123 schema:givenName Prem
124 rdf:type schema:Person
125 N9f950aaf7aef4da5bee567c2913bb03a rdf:first N97e7202beec54dffabc0708b85204b76
126 rdf:rest Nc43855a7b00a4d1fb51dafaa9bac9c55
127 Nc43855a7b00a4d1fb51dafaa9bac9c55 rdf:first N9aae3754c67e447c8e973b4b7906c86a
128 rdf:rest rdf:nil
129 Nd0af15fe7a83435bbd2eec8a4901b9f3 schema:isbn 978-981-13-9223-8
130 978-981-13-9224-5
131 schema:name India's Low-Skilled Migration to the Middle East
132 rdf:type schema:Book
133 Nfd69da4ff8194aaf96db7445deff0138 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
135 Nfff35cbcd3484a1a8603c41626e2a3cf rdf:first sg:person.01134466074.83
136 rdf:rest N17c0d56d22fd45d4a75ab6abeefd0614
137 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
138 schema:name Economics
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
141 schema:name Applied Economics
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 anzsrc-for:16 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Studies in Human Society
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 anzsrc-for:1603 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 schema:name Demography
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 anzsrc-for:1605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
150 schema:name Policy and Administration
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 sg:person.01134466074.83 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.433028.e
153 schema:familyName Rajan
154 schema:givenName S. Irudaya
155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134466074.83
156 rdf:type schema:Person
157 sg:person.015443501647.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.22903.3a
158 schema:familyName Saxena
159 schema:givenName Prem
160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015443501647.03
161 rdf:type schema:Person
162 grid-institutes:grid.22903.3a schema:alternateName Department of Population Studies, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
163 schema:name Department of Population Studies, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
164 rdf:type schema:Organization
165 grid-institutes:grid.433028.e schema:alternateName Centre for Development Studies, Ulloor Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
166 schema:name Centre for Development Studies, Ulloor Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
167 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...