Higher Education Research in Mongolia During the Transition Period of Development View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2017-09-08

AUTHORS

Nyamjav Sumberzul , Shagdarsuren Oyunbileg

ABSTRACT

The first higher education institution (HEI) in Mongolia was established in 1942. During the transition period from a centralized economy to a market economy, which began in the early 1990s, there was a marked increase in the number of HEIs. Mining, construction, transport, and communication have become the fastest-growing sectors; they have potential absorptive capacity for the younger population and demand technical, vocational, and engineering skills. The changing socioeconomic context has introduced progress and innovation in higher education; however, we have also faced some emerging problems and challenges. This has stimulated increased demand for higher educational research, and we here outline the current landscape of higher education as a research field in Mongolia on the basis of the quantity and themes of published journal articles and monographs.We reviewed the Mongolian Foundation for Science and Technology (MFST) database, which was established in 1993, as well as some academic journals that publish peer-reviewed, research-based, discipline-specific articles. The journals do not focus specifically on higher education, but they occasionally include articles related to higher education research. State-owned universities play a key role in such research; therefore, the summary of annual academic publications by faculty members and researchers of those universities is a reasonable source of information to find relevant articles. We reviewed 380 publications, most of which were related to common problems of higher education in Mongolia, such as educational policy, capacity building, faculty development, etc. In their conclusions and recommendations, the authors of the studies primarily stated that education management and human resource development, training methods, and content must be improved.We concluded that higher education research is in its initial stage of development and that its role as a field of science, in planning for future actions, in evaluating the results and outcomes of interventions and changes in higher education, and in providing policy developers and decision-makers with scientific evidence, is increasing. More... »

PAGES

213-221

Book

TITLE

Researching Higher Education in Asia

ISBN

978-981-10-4988-0
978-981-10-4989-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-10-4989-7_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4989-7_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091519368


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