Performance-Based Design Procedure Applied to the Selection of Low-CO2 Binder Systems Including Calcined Clay View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Wilson R. Leal da Silva , Lars N. Thrane , Thomas L. Svensson , Sergio Ferreiro , Duncan Herfort , Claus Pade , Jesper S. Damtoft

ABSTRACT

The reduction of the clinker content in concrete by replacing cement with supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) is widely used to lower the environmental impact of concrete. However, for some SCMs such as calcined clay this often leads to higher water requirements for the same concrete consistence. This severely limits the widespread implementation of green concrete technologies, both in practical terms, and in meeting the requirements of relevant concrete standards such as the national annexes to EN 206. In order to overcome this, a shift in mind-set from prescriptive to performance-based design criteria would be beneficial. Thus, we have proposed a performance-based design approach for the selection of binder systems, which we have successfully applied it to several combinations of SCMs. In this paper the procedure is described for a binder system consisting of calcined clay, limestone filler and fly ash. A parametric study was carried out on mortars, which included rheological properties, compressive strength and chloride migration. The requirements for each parameter was chosen based on the intended concrete application (highway bridge) and values obtained for a reference mix typically used for the application, i.e. a concrete that fulfils current Danish regulations. The proposed alternative binder system features a CO2 footprint reduction of 30% compared to the reference concrete mix. However, the alternative concrete mix does not conform with current Danish regulation on the minimum w/c ratio. More... »

PAGES

254-261

Book

TITLE

Calcined Clays for Sustainable Concrete

ISBN

978-94-024-1206-2
978-94-024-1207-9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-024-1207-9_41

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1207-9_41

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092411401


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