Simulation of pest effects on crops using coupled pest-crop models: the potential for decision support View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1998

AUTHORS

P. S. Teng , W. D. Batchelor , H. O. Pinnschmidt , G. G. Wilkerson

ABSTRACT

Pest management decision support systems have evolved from rudimentary single decision rules to multiple criteria optimization software. In its simplest form, a decision support tool could be a pest management threshold calculated using empirical relations and field data on a calculator. A sophisticated form would be interactive computer systems that utilize simulation models, databases, and decision algorithms, in an integrated manner, to address normative problems. Central to the decision making process in pest (insect, disease, weed) management is information on the effect that a particular pest population has on the economic output of the crop. This effect depends on crop development stage, the prevailing environment, and the crop genotype’s yield potential and ability to compensate for pest injury. In this paper, we present a conceptual framework for linking pest effects to crop models, and detail the coupling techniques used in linking pest and crop models and demonstrate, with examples, how this provides output for decision support. The crop models belonging to the CERES and CROPGRO families are used to exemplify situations for linking pest effects to crop growth and development via twenty-one links (CROPGRO) and twenty for CERES­RICE. Methods are described for representing pest dynamics, since these affect the pest-crop interaction, and the kind of pest data required for input into pest-crop combination models. Five basic methods of quantifying pest dynamics are proposed — (a) Field assessment, (b) A priori assumptions, (c) Analytic modeling, (d) Pest simulation models, and (e) Use of pest simulation models interlinked with crop models. The concept and techniques for using common coupling points in multiple-pest situations are described. More... »

PAGES

221-266

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1993. Decision support systems for agricultural development in SYSTEMS APPROACHES FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
  • 1993. Pest damage relations at the field level in SYSTEMS APPROACHES FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
  • Book

    TITLE

    Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

    ISBN

    978-90-481-4940-7
    978-94-017-3624-4

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-017-3624-4_12

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3624-4_12

    DIMENSIONS

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