Pollution and Cloud Reflectance View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1987

AUTHORS

S. Twomey , R. Gall , M. Leuthold

ABSTRACT

Conventional power plants are prolific sources of cloud-nucleating particles. Consequently clouds forming in air influenced by such emissions contain higher concentrations of cloud droplets than would prevail in clean conditions; optical properties of clouds are thereby modified, causing them to reflect more sunlight and transmit less. That has obvious consequences for climate physics, but it may also be relevant for mesoscale processes since quite substantial energy changes are involved. Ships constitute isolated sources in an environment that is often quite clean, and when low thin cloud layers are present, ships delineate their courses in satellite images by bright lines. These lines are caused by the above-mentioned increase in reflectance, providing, on a scale of tens to hundreds of kilometers, a realization of an effect which on a climatic scale cannot be directly observed (but which is likely to be comparable in magnitude to the CO2 effect, but oppositely directed). More... »

PAGES

335-348

Book

TITLE

Interactions between Energy Transformations and Atmospheric Phenomena. A Survey of Recent Research

ISBN

978-90-481-8445-3
978-94-017-1911-7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-017-1911-7_23

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1911-7_23

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022293888


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