Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2001

AUTHORS

A. Moscatelli , M. Cresti

ABSTRACT

Pollen, the male gametophyte of higher plants, is a biological system playing a central role in sexual plant reproduction (Cresti et al., 1992). The understanding of the mechanisms controlling the various aspects of pollen tube development has a direct relevance to biotechnological applications since it represents a starting point to modify crop production and it enhances the knowledge on molecular and cellular events controlling the tip growth mechanism. When pollen arrives on the surface of a compatible stigma it undergoes a complex series of regulated cytoplasmic rearrangements leading to the emergence of a cylindrical structure known as pollen tube, with the main purpose to carry and deliver sperm cells to the embryo sac for the double fertilization. In vivo, pollen tubes grow through the transmitting tissue in the style and, since they never penetrate stigmatic cells, the mechanisms involving cell-cell recognition and signalling must exist to guide pollen tubes to the ovary. For this purpose, specific molecules of the transmitting tissue acting as adhesive substrate, attractants and stimulators of pollen tube elongation (Lord and Sanders, 1992) have been identified and characterized in several angiosperms but pollen tube targets of these external stimuli and the nature of these interactions have not been fully understood at the molecular level (Frankling-Tong, 1999). More... »

PAGES

33-65

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-017-1203-3_3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1203-3_3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051356730


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