Biofilm, Biodictyon, Biomat Microbialites, Oolites, Stromatolites Geophysiology, Global Mechanism, Parahistology View Full Text


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Chapter Info

DATE

2003

AUTHORS

Wolfgang E. Krumbein , Ulrike Brehm , Gisela Gerdes , Anna A. Gorbushina , George Levit , Katarzyna A. Palinska

ABSTRACT

This article is conceived as an introduction to “Fossil and Recent Biofilms”. Fossil and recent microbial communities adhering to, overgrowing and enmeshing inorganic substrates are introduced. The biofilm substrates embrace rocks and minerals exposed to the atmosphere or to overlying water bodies of different salinity and include deeply buried sediments and rocks. Biofilm communities active in soil, sediment and rock interstices, cavities, cleavages, and cracks until deep into the Earth crust are dealt with. Definitions and common traits of a biofilm, biodictyon and biomat (microbial mat) are presented and discussed. Fossilised examples as well as ichnofossils (trace fossils) of extant communities are sketched. Some science history reflections are included. New terms such as biodictyon, geophysiology, parahistology, and global mechanisms of microbial communities in past and present planetary ages are defined. The intimate relationship between major rock types such as biolaminated sequences (and ore deposits), stromatolites, oolites, onkolites and also reef type deposits is discussed. The planetary and exobiological dimension and global importance of biofilms, microbial mats and network microbial communities are noted. More... »

PAGES

1-27

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1991. Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Industrial Biofouling and Biocorrosion, Stuttgart, September 13–14, 1990 in NONE
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  • 1977. Primary Production, Mat Formation and Lithification: Contribution of Oxygenic and Facultative Anoxygenic Cyanobacteria in FOSSIL ALGAE
  • 1974-12. Biogene, klastische und evaporitische Sedimentation in einem mesothermen monomiktischen ufernahen See (Golf von Aqaba) in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
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  • 2003-03. Microbial spheres: a novel cyanobacterial–diatom symbiosis in THE SCIENCE OF NATURE
  • 1867-12. Beiträge zur Physiologie der Phycochromaceen und Florideen in ARCHIV FÜR MIKROSKOPISCHE ANATOMIE
  • 2000. Subaerial Microbial Mats and Their Effects on Soil and Rock in MICROBIAL SEDIMENTS
  • 2000. Rock Dwelling Fungal Communities: Diversity of Life Styles and Colony Structure in JOURNEY TO DIVERSE MICROBIAL WORLDS
  • 1981-08. Biogenic rock varnishes of the negev desert (Israel) an ecological study of iron and manganese transformation by cyanobacteria and fungi in OECOLOGIA
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  • 1999. The Poikilotrophic Micro-Organism and its Environment in ENIGMATIC MICROORGANISMS AND LIFE IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
  • Book

    TITLE

    Fossil and Recent Biofilms

    ISBN

    978-90-481-6412-7
    978-94-017-0193-8

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-017-0193-8_1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-0193-8_1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020185943


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