Urolithiasis in the Middle East: Epidemiology and pathogenesis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1997

AUTHORS

Salah R. El-Faqih , Imtiaz Hussain

ABSTRACT

The pattern of urinary stone disease in the Middle-Eastern countries varies considerably in regard to prevalence, stone composition, site of stone formation, and the metabolic factors implicated in pathogenesis. The two main themes of primary upper and primary lower tract stones are determined by prevailing economic conditions and may be closely interwoven through different sections of society in the same country [1]. Urate containing bladder stones continue to be important in countries with predominantly agricultural based economies (such as Iraq, Iran. Turkey, Egypt and Sudan) [2] whilst oxalate containing upper tract stones prevail and indeed reach epidemic proportions in more affluent, oil rich states of the Arabian peninsula (Kuwait, United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia) [3,4]. As nutritional standards improve in the countries with an agricultural based economy, the interplay of new factors brings about not just a diminishing incidence of bladder stone but an alarming increase of upper tract stone. More... »

PAGES

35-41

Book

TITLE

The Management of Lithiasis

ISBN

978-94-010-6270-1
978-94-011-5396-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-5396-6_4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5396-6_4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035482829


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