How do Income Sources Affect Income Inequality? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1999

AUTHORS

Robert I. Lerman

ABSTRACT

How individual income sources affect income inequality has long been important for interpreting economic trends and for making public policy. Whether the issue is changes in budget and tax policies, in social security benefits, or in the treatment of a form of property income, a major part of the debate is over the distributional impact of the policies that raise or lower particular income sources. Our understanding of economic inequality partly turns on our estimates of the impacts of the rising share of women in the paid labor force, of the increasing returns to human capital, and of the changing distribution and levels of net worth. Until the late 1970s, the problem for the analyst appeared straightforward. To estimate how a tax or transfer program affected inequality, one could simply calculate an inequality index both before the tax or transfer (say IB) and after the tax or transfer (IA) and then tabulate the percentage change in I. Studies of the US tax and transfer system typically utilize this approach (see, for examples, Smolensky and Reynolds, 1977; Pechmanand Okner 1974; Danziger, 1977; and, more recently, Barthold, Nunns and Toder, 1995). Researchers recognize that these before-after tabulations rarely took account of behavioral impacts induced by the tax or transfer, but viewed the problem of determining the changes in each individual’s net income as analytically distinct from the problem of calculating the inequality impact of the combination of individual income changes. More... »

PAGES

341-362

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement

ISBN

978-94-010-5897-1
978-94-011-4413-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031948743


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "familyName": "Lerman", 
        "givenName": "Robert I.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0730740047.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0730740047.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00220389408422350", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008202317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1979.tb00102.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014050894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/003465398557348", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020235789"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1977.tb00002.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023612498"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/109114219402200401", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023710930"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/109114219402200401", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023710930"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.2307/2061687", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037696666", 
          "https://doi.org/10.2307/2061687"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1885088", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626139"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1885627", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626577"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1885997", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626872"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1912537", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069640168"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1928057", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069653007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1928447", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069653330"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2109473", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069765613"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2109636", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069765776"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2554775", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069990785"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2554807", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069990798"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511571824.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089387486"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3233/jem-1989-15204", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112535466"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3233/jem-1989-15204", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112535466"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1999", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1999-01-01", 
    "description": "How individual income sources affect income inequality has long been important for interpreting economic trends and for making public policy. Whether the issue is changes in budget and tax policies, in social security benefits, or in the treatment of a form of property income, a major part of the debate is over the distributional impact of the policies that raise or lower particular income sources. Our understanding of economic inequality partly turns on our estimates of the impacts of the rising share of women in the paid labor force, of the increasing returns to human capital, and of the changing distribution and levels of net worth. Until the late 1970s, the problem for the analyst appeared straightforward. To estimate how a tax or transfer program affected inequality, one could simply calculate an inequality index both before the tax or transfer (say IB) and after the tax or transfer (IA) and then tabulate the percentage change in I. Studies of the US tax and transfer system typically utilize this approach (see, for examples, Smolensky and Reynolds, 1977; Pechmanand Okner 1974; Danziger, 1977; and, more recently, Barthold, Nunns and Toder, 1995). Researchers recognize that these before-after tabulations rarely took account of behavioral impacts induced by the tax or transfer, but viewed the problem of determining the changes in each individual\u2019s net income as analytically distinct from the problem of calculating the inequality impact of the combination of individual income changes.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Silber", 
        "givenName": "Jacques", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-94-010-5897-1", 
        "978-94-011-4413-1"
      ], 
      "name": "Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "How do Income Sources Affect Income Inequality?", 
    "pagination": "341-362", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1031948743"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9832b23f29ff033656e411958dc2042e1c20d8b0db95f2e0fa7d5a76287c035d"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Dordrecht", 
      "name": "Springer Netherlands", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031948743"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-16T08:57", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000369_0000000369/records_68969_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-94-011-4413-1_13"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

116 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      45 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author N261f898312e64cd8bc4950c2235a7fd0
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.2307/2061687
5 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511571824.007
6 https://doi.org/10.1080/00220389408422350
7 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1977.tb00002.x
8 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1979.tb00102.x
9 https://doi.org/10.1162/003465398557348
10 https://doi.org/10.1177/109114219402200401
11 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885088
12 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885627
13 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885997
14 https://doi.org/10.2307/1912537
15 https://doi.org/10.2307/1928057
16 https://doi.org/10.2307/1928447
17 https://doi.org/10.2307/2109473
18 https://doi.org/10.2307/2109636
19 https://doi.org/10.2307/2554775
20 https://doi.org/10.2307/2554807
21 https://doi.org/10.3233/jem-1989-15204
22 schema:datePublished 1999
23 schema:datePublishedReg 1999-01-01
24 schema:description How individual income sources affect income inequality has long been important for interpreting economic trends and for making public policy. Whether the issue is changes in budget and tax policies, in social security benefits, or in the treatment of a form of property income, a major part of the debate is over the distributional impact of the policies that raise or lower particular income sources. Our understanding of economic inequality partly turns on our estimates of the impacts of the rising share of women in the paid labor force, of the increasing returns to human capital, and of the changing distribution and levels of net worth. Until the late 1970s, the problem for the analyst appeared straightforward. To estimate how a tax or transfer program affected inequality, one could simply calculate an inequality index both before the tax or transfer (say IB) and after the tax or transfer (IA) and then tabulate the percentage change in I. Studies of the US tax and transfer system typically utilize this approach (see, for examples, Smolensky and Reynolds, 1977; Pechmanand Okner 1974; Danziger, 1977; and, more recently, Barthold, Nunns and Toder, 1995). Researchers recognize that these before-after tabulations rarely took account of behavioral impacts induced by the tax or transfer, but viewed the problem of determining the changes in each individual’s net income as analytically distinct from the problem of calculating the inequality impact of the combination of individual income changes.
25 schema:editor N375b76a4004a424e8c43dac212e7a309
26 schema:genre chapter
27 schema:inLanguage en
28 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
29 schema:isPartOf N3ec21621d26f4ba1a499fff16745db41
30 schema:name How do Income Sources Affect Income Inequality?
31 schema:pagination 341-362
32 schema:productId N6f31d99dcf9a41f8b97b703389d66382
33 Nc2326bdd223e47ee900d786b189ed3d5
34 Ne604dec6017348f9bfd028037c8ef9df
35 schema:publisher N61c962ca07f24f8289c427955824b478
36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031948743
37 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13
38 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-16T08:57
39 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
40 schema:sdPublisher Nd776e23a24094088909ee87f195b9c9b
41 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-94-011-4413-1_13
42 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
43 sgo:sdDataset chapters
44 rdf:type schema:Chapter
45 N261f898312e64cd8bc4950c2235a7fd0 rdf:first sg:person.0730740047.51
46 rdf:rest rdf:nil
47 N375b76a4004a424e8c43dac212e7a309 rdf:first N4ce4f505c32a43e7b4a47def0f818cc7
48 rdf:rest rdf:nil
49 N3ec21621d26f4ba1a499fff16745db41 schema:isbn 978-94-010-5897-1
50 978-94-011-4413-1
51 schema:name Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement
52 rdf:type schema:Book
53 N4ce4f505c32a43e7b4a47def0f818cc7 schema:familyName Silber
54 schema:givenName Jacques
55 rdf:type schema:Person
56 N61c962ca07f24f8289c427955824b478 schema:location Dordrecht
57 schema:name Springer Netherlands
58 rdf:type schema:Organisation
59 N6f31d99dcf9a41f8b97b703389d66382 schema:name dimensions_id
60 schema:value pub.1031948743
61 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
62 Nc2326bdd223e47ee900d786b189ed3d5 schema:name doi
63 schema:value 10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 Nd776e23a24094088909ee87f195b9c9b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
66 rdf:type schema:Organization
67 Ne604dec6017348f9bfd028037c8ef9df schema:name readcube_id
68 schema:value 9832b23f29ff033656e411958dc2042e1c20d8b0db95f2e0fa7d5a76287c035d
69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
70 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
71 schema:name Economics
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
74 schema:name Applied Economics
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 sg:person.0730740047.51 schema:familyName Lerman
77 schema:givenName Robert I.
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0730740047.51
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 sg:pub.10.2307/2061687 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037696666
81 https://doi.org/10.2307/2061687
82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
83 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511571824.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089387486
84 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
85 https://doi.org/10.1080/00220389408422350 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008202317
86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
87 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1977.tb00002.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023612498
88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
89 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1979.tb00102.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014050894
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 https://doi.org/10.1162/003465398557348 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020235789
92 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
93 https://doi.org/10.1177/109114219402200401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023710930
94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
95 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885088 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626139
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885627 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626577
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 https://doi.org/10.2307/1885997 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069626872
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 https://doi.org/10.2307/1912537 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069640168
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 https://doi.org/10.2307/1928057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069653007
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.2307/1928447 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069653330
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.2307/2109473 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069765613
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.2307/2109636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069765776
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.2307/2554775 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069990785
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.2307/2554807 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069990798
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.3233/jem-1989-15204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112535466
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...