How do Income Sources Affect Income Inequality? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1999

AUTHORS

Robert I. Lerman

ABSTRACT

How individual income sources affect income inequality has long been important for interpreting economic trends and for making public policy. Whether the issue is changes in budget and tax policies, in social security benefits, or in the treatment of a form of property income, a major part of the debate is over the distributional impact of the policies that raise or lower particular income sources. Our understanding of economic inequality partly turns on our estimates of the impacts of the rising share of women in the paid labor force, of the increasing returns to human capital, and of the changing distribution and levels of net worth. Until the late 1970s, the problem for the analyst appeared straightforward. To estimate how a tax or transfer program affected inequality, one could simply calculate an inequality index both before the tax or transfer (say IB) and after the tax or transfer (IA) and then tabulate the percentage change in I. Studies of the US tax and transfer system typically utilize this approach (see, for examples, Smolensky and Reynolds, 1977; Pechmanand Okner 1974; Danziger, 1977; and, more recently, Barthold, Nunns and Toder, 1995). Researchers recognize that these before-after tabulations rarely took account of behavioral impacts induced by the tax or transfer, but viewed the problem of determining the changes in each individual’s net income as analytically distinct from the problem of calculating the inequality impact of the combination of individual income changes. More... »

PAGES

341-362

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement

ISBN

978-94-010-5897-1
978-94-011-4413-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4413-1_13

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031948743


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