Evolution of Ac and Dsl elements in select grasses (Poaceae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1993

AUTHORS

A. F. MacRae , M. T. Clegg

ABSTRACT

We present data on evolution of the Ac/Ds family of transposable elements in select grasses (Poaceae). An Ac-like element was cloned from a DNA library of the grass Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet) and 2387 bp of it have been sequenced. When the pearl millet Ac-like sequence is aligned with the corresponding region of the maize Ac sequence, it is found that all sequences corresponding to intron II in maize Ac are absent in pearl millet Ac. Kimura's evolutionary distance between maize and pearl millet Ac sequences is estimated to be 0.429 ± 0.020 nucleotide substitutions per site. This value is not significantly different from the average number of synonymous substitutions for coding regions of the Adh1 gene between maize and pearl millet, which is 0.395 ± 0.051 nucleotide substitutions per site. If we can assume Ac and Adh1 divergence times are equivalent between maize and pearl millet, then the above calculations suggest Ac-like sequences have probably not been strongly constrained by natural selection. The level of DNA sequence divergence between maize and pearl millet Ac sequences, the estimated date when maize and pearl millet diverged (25-40 million years ago), coupled with their reproductive isolation/lack of current genetic exchange, all support the theory that Ac-like sequences have not been recently introduced into pearl millet from maize. Instead, Ac-like sequences were probably present in the progenitor of maize and pearl millet, and have thus existed in the grasses for at least 25 million years. Ac-like sequences may be widely distributed among the grasses. We also present the first 2 Ds1 controlling element sequences from teosinte species: Zea luxurians and Zea perennis. A total of 10 Ds1 elements had previously been sequenced from maize and a distant maize relative, Tripsacum. When a maximum likelihood network of genetic relationships is constructed for all 12 sequenced Ds1 elements, the 2 teosinte Ds1 elements are as distant from most maize Ds1 elements and from each other, as the maize Ds1 elements are from one another. Our new teosinte sequence data support the previous conclusion that Ds1 elements have been accumulating mutations independently since maize and Tripsacum diverged. We present a scenario for the origin of Ds1 elements. More... »

PAGES

312-324

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Book

    TITLE

    Transposable Elements and Evolution

    ISBN

    978-94-010-4897-2
    978-94-011-2028-9

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-2028-9_23

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2028-9_23

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027334814


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