Emissions from Wood Stoves and Fireplaces View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1993

AUTHORS

Edvard Karlsvik , Johan E. Hustad , Otto K. Sønju

ABSTRACT

New emission standards for wood stoves have been developed and introduced in several countries. To meet these emission regulations, new technology such as wood stoves with catalytic combustors and staged combustion units have been developed and introduced into the stove market. Three traditional wood stoves, one fireplace, one stove with a catalytic afterburner on the norwegian market have been tested in accordance with national testing procedures. In addition also a new none catalytic stove, two catalytic stoves and a non catalytic laboratory stove have been tested. The emissions of CO, particles, tar and hydrocarbons have been measured at different average wood consumption. The amount of CO emissions for the traditional wood stoves/fireplace were found to vary from 100 to 250 g CO/kg dry wood fired (5.1-12.6 g/MJ input) at an average wood consumption below 1 kg/hour. Particle emissions from the traditional stoves were found to vary from 40 to 100 g/kg dry wood fired (2.0-5.1 g/MJ input) at below same average wood consumption. At higher wood consumptions the emissions were reduced considerably compared with low wood consumptions. For new types of stoves like the catalytic stove and the non catalytic laboratory stove, the particle emissions are 30–40 times lower than the traditional stoves at an average wood consumption of approximately 1 kg/hour. The level of tar emissions were approximately the same as for the particle emissions. It is concluded in the paper that the particles mainly contain tar. Correlations were found between CO and emissions of hydrocarbons, CH, and H2. Low concentrations of CO gave in general low concentrations of particles, tar, hydrocarbons, CH4 and H2. The details of the experimental results and analysis of these results are presented in the paper. More... »

PAGES

690-707

Book

TITLE

Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion

ISBN

978-94-010-4582-7
978-94-011-1336-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-1336-6_53

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1336-6_53

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044861957


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