New Loads in Office Buildings: Opportunities for Improving Efficiency of Office Equipment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

J. Roturier , J. P. Harris

ABSTRACT

As a central element of the Information Ages, the microcomputer has invaded, during the last two decades, industrialised society. But while it brings benefits, its arrival also carries costs and risks. In the present paper a review of one of the less-considered aspects of this technology, the electricity consumption, is given. The authors point out that the spread of microcomputers may have an important influence on the cost and quality of electricity supplied in general. The actual PCs power loads are given on per unit basis, and also estimated on a macroeconomics scale. In Europe, in the present status of the technologies, we estimate that in the mid-90s, the power load of the Information Technologies as a whole, will be equivalent to 21 GW, 2 more 1,000 MW power plants being requested every year to take the load growth into account. In USA, where Office Automation annual electricity consumption is about 30 TWh, it has been shown that, in terms of CO2 only, the pollution prevention potential is equivalent to the removal of 6 million cars from the present stock. The US “Market-Pull” strategy is described as a perfect example of the co-operation between policy-makers, particularly those in charge of the Environment, electric utilities and computers manufacturers. New trends in office technologies, resulting from programmes decided at the government level in USA and in Europe are presented. The conclusion offers a preliminary analysis of the main reasons for the increasing concern of manufacturers to take into account the environmental issues. More... »

PAGES

229-244

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-1054-9_14

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1054-9_14

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018508544


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