Kant’s Revolutionary Reconstruction of the History of Philosophy View Full Text


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Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

Ermanno Bencivenga

ABSTRACT

Consider the following three facts: (1) Kant describes what he does in the first Critique as transcendental philosophy. And he insists that this discipline is entirely new, that something like it was never tried before. “[I]t is a perfectly new science, of which no one has ever even thought, the very idea of which was unknown, and for which nothing hitherto accomplished can be of the smallest use, except it be the suggestion of Hume’s doubts” (Prolegomena,’ 9-10). (2) Within this new discipline, a distinction is made between transcendental realists and idealists. `By transcendental idealism I mean the doctrine that appearances are to be regarded as being, one and all, representations only, not things in themselves… To this idealism there is opposed a transcendental realism which… interprets outer appearances (their reality being taken as granted) as things-inthemselves, which exist independently of us and of our sensibility, and which are therefore outside us — the phrase `outside us’ being interpreted in conformity with pure concepts of understanding“ (Critique of Pure Reason,’ 345-46). (3) Most of Kant’s predecessors in the history of philosophy, and specifically all those who either accepted or seriously entertained a skeptical outcome of their philosophy, are regarded by Kant as transcendental realists — in fact, he thinks, this is why they ended up accepting or seriously entertaining a skeptical outcome. “Since, so far as I know, all psychologists who adopt empirical idealism are transcendental realists, they have certainly proceeded quite consistently in ascribing great importance to empirical idealism, as one of the problems in regard to which the human mind is quite at a loss how to proceed” (ibid., 347). More... »

PAGES

349-360

Book

TITLE

Kant and Contemporary Epistemology

ISBN

978-94-010-4359-5
978-94-011-0834-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-0834-8_19

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0834-8_19

DIMENSIONS

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