Selecting the optimum genetic background for transgenic varieties, with examples from Brassica View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1995

AUTHORS

Derek Lydiate , Phil Dale , Ulf Lagercrantz , Isobel Parkin , Phil Howell

ABSTRACT

The performance of transgenic varieties depends not only upon the stable and correctly-regulated expression of specific transgenes but also upon the agronomic potential of the background genotype. Ideally, transgenes should be introduced into agronomically-superior cultivars and transgenic varieties will become out-classed if their agronomic properties are not continually improved. It will often prove desirable to use conventional breeding techniques, as opposed to new cycles of transformation, to carry out this process of varietal improvement. Continuing advances in marker-assisted selection have made possible the selection and manipulation of an entire genetic background. This means that transgenes can be transferred to new and often ’untransformable’ varieties with relative ease. To carry out this process efficiently requires the correct choice of male and female parents, the use of appropriate marker-systems and the concentration of selection on the most appropriate generations. Efficient, phenotypically-neutral marker-systems have revolutionised the identification and manipulation of quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The loci which modify the expression of transgenes are a form of QTL. Desirable alleles at modifier QTLs can be transferred to new varieties along with the transgenes themselves, using marker- assisted breeding. The strategies for marker-assisted selection are becoming ever more sophisticated. A range of complementary marker systems allows the selection of desirable genotypes. In addition, the meiotic reassortment and recombination of chromosomes which produces new genotypes is becoming better understood. The most efficient plant breeding methods and the most powerful genetics will make optimal use of both markers and meiosis. More... »

PAGES

351-358

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1991-12. Genome-wide reduction in recombination of backcross progeny derived from male versus female gametes in an interspecific cross of tomato in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1991-07. Transgene expression variability (position effect) of CAT and GUS reporter genes driven by linked divergent T-DNA promoters in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1992-08. Field performance of transgenic potato plants compared with controls regenerated from tuber discs and shoot cuttings in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1991-07. A quick method to estimate the T-DNA copy number in transgenic plants at an early stage after transformation, using inverse PCR in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1983-03. Molecular markers in plant breeding in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER
  • 1992-04. Use of RFLP markers to search for alleles in a maize population for improvement of an elite hybrid in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1986-03. Duplicated chromosome segments in maize (Zea mays L.): further evidence from hexokinase isozymes in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1992-06. Herbicide Resistant Fertile Transgenic Wheat Plants Obtained by Microprojectile Bombardment of Regenerable Embryogenic Callus in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1989-03. Fertile transgenic rice plants regenerated from transformed protoplasts in NATURE
  • 1990-11. A comparison of traditional and haploid-derived breeding populations of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) for fatty acid composition of the seed oil in EUPHYTICA
  • 1990-07. Linkage arrangement of restriction fragment length polymorphism loci in Brassica oleracea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1988-10. Resolution of quantitative traits into Mendelian factors by using a complete linkage map of restriction fragment length polymorphisms in NATURE
  • 1994-03. Conservation of Genome Structure Between Rice and Wheat in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Book

    TITLE

    The Methodology of Plant Genetic Manipulation: Criteria for Decision Making

    ISBN

    978-94-010-4159-1
    978-94-011-0357-2

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-011-0357-2_43

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0357-2_43

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047266722


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