Fault Displacement and Ground Tilt During Small Earthquakes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1974

AUTHORS

Eysteinn Tryggvason

ABSTRACT

A program of repeated precision leveling at selected locations in Iceland over a period of seven years shows an annual rate of tilting of less than one microradian per year on the flanks of the active rift zones. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 to 6 are associated with measurable fault displacement at distances up to 25 kilometers from the epicenters and the area around the active fault is abnormally deformed during the earthquakes. During a period of one or two years after an earthquake the rate of ground deformation is higher than normal. This is explained by plastic flow at depth which tends to restore the surface to the position before the sudden deformation. More... »

PAGES

255-269

Book

TITLE

Continuum Mechanics Aspects of Geodynamics and Rock Fracture Mechanics

ISBN

978-94-010-2270-5
978-94-010-2268-2

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-010-2268-2_15

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-2268-2_15

DIMENSIONS

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