General Survey of the Effect of Double Muscling on Cattle Performance View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1982

AUTHORS

F. Ménissier

ABSTRACT

The consumer’s demand for leaner and tenderer meat, accompanied by a growing specialisation of animal production has increased interest in double muscled cattle for beef production. Thus, many studies have been made to describe the effect of the double muscled trait on slaughter traits, reproductive performance and breeding qualities in cattle. We shall give an overall survey of performance differences between double muscled and normal cattle of well differentiated, extreme, types.The double muscled character leads to a modification of the growth curve in cattle, i.e, a higher birth weight and lower adult weight. This phenomenon is perhaps due to their poorer adaptation ability and to an interaction between their higher growth potential and all similar factors controlling the expression of this potential. Muscular hypertrophy leads to a large increase in the slaughter value because of a higher carcase yield, a larger proportion of muscles relative to bone and fat and a greater muscular compactness. These modifications affect the various regions of the body in different ways, depending on degree of muscular hypertrophy and skeleton reduction. The meat quality is also changed.The problem of reproductive difficulties in double muscled cattle has been known for a long time. The double muscled trait produces an imbalance between the weight and morphology of the foetus and the dam at birth leading to a large increase in calving difficulties. Sexual behaviour, specially in young animals, is affected in double muscled cattle. The fertility of double muscled males is generally acceptable, whereas that of double muscled females is definitely lower than that of normal females. This subfertility is most likely due to the muscular development. The viability of double muscled calves is also lower than that of the normal ones. Furthermore, the milk production of double muscled cows is reduced.The expression of these effects of the double muscled trait largely depends on the abilities of the breed in which the character occurs as well as on the type of management system. The advantages and disadvantages of double muscled animals in the various production systems determine the breeders’ choice. Moreover, in addition to the impact of double muscled animals on beef production, muscular hypertrophy my represent an interesting tool for analysis of the biological relationships between slaughter traits and breeding qualities in cattle. More... »

PAGES

23-53

Book

TITLE

Muscle Hypertrophy of Genetic Origin and its use to Improve Beef Production

ISBN

978-94-009-7552-1
978-94-009-7550-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-009-7550-7_2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-7550-7_2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009225214


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