On Modelling the Effects of C02 on Climate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1986

AUTHORS

J F B Mitchell

ABSTRACT

The sensitivity of the Meteorological Office’s 5-layer atmospheric general circulation model to enhanced atmospheric C02 concentrations with both a uniform and a latitudinally varying increase in sea surface temperatures is assessed. The changes in atmospheric temperatures depend on the sea surface temperature increases imposed, but the geographical distribution of other changes, for example in the hydrological cycle, are qualitatively similar whether a uniform or a latitudinally varying change in ocean temperature is applied. This relative insensitivity of certain aspects of similated climate to the details of the changes in ocean temperature is explained in terms of the physical processes involved. In contrast, when the first experiment is repeated with a second atmospheric model, although there are broad similarities, many aspects of the detailed regional response of the two models are found to be quite different. These regional differences can be attributed to differences in the unperturbed climates simulated by the two models.Some of the problems of comparing simulated and observed data are illustrated using data from both sources over eastern England. The simulated climate over western Europe is assessed, and the changes in the more realistic integration with latitudinally varying changes in ocean temperature are presented. Finally, some of the outstanding problems in modelling the effects of C02 on climate are outlined. More... »

PAGES

228-239

Book

TITLE

Current Issues in Climate Research

ISBN

978-94-010-8925-8
978-94-009-5494-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-009-5494-6_21

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-5494-6_21

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019197947


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