Effects of Cropping Frequency on Potato Production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1989

AUTHORS

J. Vos , C. D. Van Loon

ABSTRACT

High cropping frequency of potatoes, particularly continuous cultivation, can lead to physical and economical yield losses because the population densities of soil-borne pathogenic organisms are enhanced. Such organisms diminish crop growth and often necessitate costly control measures. Analysis of data from the literature showed that potatoes in continuous cropping yielded initially just as well as potatoes in a rotation, but sooner (after two to three seasons) or later (after about five to seven seasons) yield reductions usually appeared with continuous cropping. Studies in which a range of cropping frequencies were studied, e.g comparisons of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 course rotations, showed systematically lower yields as the cropping frequency increased, particularly when the cropping frequency was higher than 33 to 50 per cent. The magnitudes of the losses were usually in the order of 5 to 25 per cent. Much higher losses were incurred when the potato cyst nematode was the pathogen affecting plant growth. Cultural practices, such as the supply of mineral fertilizer and water or the addition of organic matter did not appear to nullify or alleviate the effects of cropping frequency on yield. In a rotation the preceding crop can influence potato yield. Mainly because its cultivation can stimulate the build up of common pathogens and can influence the relative deficiency of nutrients when these are in short supply. In order to maintain profitable specialized production of potatoes, more quantitative analyses need to be made of the factors that cause yield reductions in short rotations and of their interactions. Improved seed health, improved hygienic measures on the farms, the incorporation of genes for resistance against the major pathogens, and strategies for use of cultivars with different resistance genes in practice are domains where research efforts should be continued. A specific task is the development of an expert system that contains the available information on the relations between crops and pests and diseases. More... »

PAGES

1-23

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989. Twelve Years of Continuous Cropping and Short Rotations of Potato at the ‘PAGV1’ Experimental Site in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1989. Relative Performance of Potato Cultivars in Short Rotations in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1989. Crop Rotation and the Occurrence of Fungal Diseases in Potatoes in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1989. Significance of Crop Rotation and Cultivars Resistant to Potato Cyst Nematode on Potato Production in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1989. The Role of Crop Rotation Systems on Non-Cyst Nematodes Affecting Potatoes in the Temperate Zones in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1988-06. The distributions of tuber sizes in droughted and irrigated crops of potato. II. Relation between size and weight of tubers and the variability of tuber-size distributions in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1975-01. Cropping sequence studies on coarse textured soils in southeastern Idaho in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1987-06. The effect of crop rotation and granular nematicides on the incidence ofRhizoctonia solani in potato in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1989. Effects of Leguminous Crops on Potato Production and on Incidence of Verticillium Dahliae in Various Crop Rotations with Potatoes in EFFECTS OF CROP ROTATION ON POTATO PRODUCTION IN THE TEMPERATE ZONES
  • 1985-09. The effect of a ploughpan in marine loam soils on potato growth. 2. Potato plant responses in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1985-09. The effect of a ploughpan in marine loam soils on potato growth. 1. Physical properties and rooting patterns in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1983-07. The profitability of continuous potatoes versus rotations including potatoes and other cash crops: I in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1977-07. The effect of crop rotations on Rhizoctonia disease of potatoes in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1978-04. Continuation of cropping sequence studies on coarse textured soils in southeastern Idaho in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • Book

    TITLE

    Effects of Crop Rotation on Potato Production in the Temperate Zones

    ISBN

    978-94-010-7616-6
    978-94-009-2474-1

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-009-2474-1_1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2474-1_1

    DIMENSIONS

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    29 schema:description High cropping frequency of potatoes, particularly continuous cultivation, can lead to physical and economical yield losses because the population densities of soil-borne pathogenic organisms are enhanced. Such organisms diminish crop growth and often necessitate costly control measures. Analysis of data from the literature showed that potatoes in continuous cropping yielded initially just as well as potatoes in a rotation, but sooner (after two to three seasons) or later (after about five to seven seasons) yield reductions usually appeared with continuous cropping. Studies in which a range of cropping frequencies were studied, e.g comparisons of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 course rotations, showed systematically lower yields as the cropping frequency increased, particularly when the cropping frequency was higher than 33 to 50 per cent. The magnitudes of the losses were usually in the order of 5 to 25 per cent. Much higher losses were incurred when the potato cyst nematode was the pathogen affecting plant growth. Cultural practices, such as the supply of mineral fertilizer and water or the addition of organic matter did not appear to nullify or alleviate the effects of cropping frequency on yield. In a rotation the preceding crop can influence potato yield. Mainly because its cultivation can stimulate the build up of common pathogens and can influence the relative deficiency of nutrients when these are in short supply. In order to maintain profitable specialized production of potatoes, more quantitative analyses need to be made of the factors that cause yield reductions in short rotations and of their interactions. Improved seed health, improved hygienic measures on the farms, the incorporation of genes for resistance against the major pathogens, and strategies for use of cultivars with different resistance genes in practice are domains where research efforts should be continued. A specific task is the development of an expert system that contains the available information on the relations between crops and pests and diseases.
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