An Introduction to Pyrolysis Mass Spectrometry of Lingnocellulosic Material: Case Studies on Barley Straw, Corn Stem and Agropyron View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1989

AUTHORS

J. J. Boon

ABSTRACT

Some basic principles of mass spectrometry and an introduction to the pyrolysis MS and GCMS oflignified plant cell wall material are presented. PYMS visualises molecular weight distributions of the thermal dissociation products of thermally activated polymer systems. PYGCMS gives compound distribution profiles which are used for structural identification of specific marker compounds. Analysis of the MS data by multivariate analytical techniques yields correlation patterns in which discriminating sets of mass peaks can be traced and related to structural changes. The relative differences between samples are expressed in a geometric format as graphs and maps.Analytical pyrolysis data on Barley straw are used to illustrate PYMS and PYGCMS. Unique higher mass data from PYMS under chemical ionization conditions in the ion source point to dimers and trimers released from the polysaccharides and lignin. PYMS mapping by multivariate analysis is shown in a comparative study on corn stem from Zea mays L.var. BM, Eta Ipho and LG11 and on several Agropyron species and hybrids illustrating the potential for rapid characterization of plant varieties. PYMS of micromanipulated samples from parenchyma and vascular bundles of corn stem demonstrates the potential for detailed studies on a microscopic level. More... »

PAGES

25-49

Book

TITLE

Physico-Chemical Characterisation of Plant Residues for Industrial and Feed Use

ISBN

978-94-010-7001-0
978-94-009-1131-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-009-1131-4_4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1131-4_4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011060968


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