Translation in plants — rules and exceptions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1996

AUTHORS

Johannes Fütterer , Thomas Hohn

ABSTRACT

Translation processes in plants are very similar to those in other eukaryotic organisms and can in general be explained with the scanning model. Particularly among plant viruses, unconventional mRNAs are frequent, which use modulated translation processes for their expression: leaky scanning, translational stop codon readthrough or frameshifting, and transactivation by virus-encoded proteins are used to translate polycistronic mRNAs; leader and trailer sequences confer (cap-independent) efficient ribosome binding, usually in an end-dependent mechanism, but true internal ribosome entry may occur as well; in a ribosome shunt, sequences within an RNA can be bypassed by scanning ribosomes. Translation in plant cells is regulated under conditions of stress and during development, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been determined. Only a small number of plant mRNAs, whose structure suggests that they might require some unusual translation mechanisms, have been described. More... »

PAGES

159-189

Book

TITLE

Post-Transcriptional Control of Gene Expression in Plants

ISBN

978-94-010-6644-0
978-94-009-0353-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-009-0353-1_8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-0353-1_8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034746529


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