Climate Changes in Siberia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Pavel Ya. Groisman , Tatiana A. Blyakharchuk , Alexander V. Chernokulsky , Maksim M. Arzhanov , Luca Belelli Marchesini , Esfir G. Bogdanova , Irena I. Borzenkova , Olga N. Bulygina , Andrey A. Karpenko , Lyudmila V. Karpenko , Richard W. Knight , Vyacheslav Ch. Khon , Georgiy N. Korovin , Anna V. Meshcherskaya , Igor I. Mokhov , Elena I. Parfenova , Vyacheslav N. Razuvaev , Nina A. Speranskaya , Nadezhda M. Tchebakova , Natalia N. Vygodskaya

ABSTRACT

This chapter provides observational evidence of climatic variations in Siberia for three time scales: during the past 10,000 years, during the past millennium prior to instrumental observations, and for the past 130 years during the period of large-scale meteorological observations. The observational evidence is appended with the global climate model projections for the twenty-first century based on the most probable scenarios of the future dynamics of the major anthropogenic and natural factors responsible for contemporary climatic changes. Historically, climate of Siberia varied broadly. It was both warmer and colder than the present. However, during the past century, it became much warmer; the cold season precipitation north of 55°N increased, but no rainfall increase over most of Siberia has occurred. This led to drier summer conditions and to increased possibility of droughts and fire weather. Projections of the future climate indicate the further temperature increases, more in the cold season and less in the warm season, significant changes in the hydrological cycle in Central and southern Siberia (summer dryness), ecosystems’ shifts, and changes in the permafrost distribution and stability. Observed and projected frequencies of various extreme events have increased recently and are projected to further increase. While in the north of Siberia, contemporary models predict warmer winters at the end of the twenty-first century and paleoreconstructions hint to warmer summers compared to the present warming observed during the period of instrumental observations. These three groups of estimates are broadly consistent with each other. More... »

PAGES

57-109

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-94-007-4569-8_3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4569-8_3

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019066286


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