Wetland Classification: Hydrogeomorphic System View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Christine A. Semeniuk , Vic Semeniuk

ABSTRACT

The hydrogeomorphic classification of wetlands emphasises wetland hydrological processes and functions and their ecological significance within a generalized landscape context. In the hydrogeomorphic classification wetlands are defined as areas inundated or saturated at a frequency to support, and which normally do support, plants adapted to saturated or inundated conditions. The classification system is based on (1) geomorphic setting (i.e., topographic location), (2) dominant water source and its transport (precipitation, surface flow, subsurface flows, groundwater discharge, and artesian upwelling), and (3) hydrodynamics (e.g., the direction of flow and the strength of water movement within the wetland), and groups wetlands into seven classes: (1) DEPRESSIONAL, (2) RIVERINE, (3) MINERAL SOIL WET FLATS, (4) ORGANIC SOIL WET FLATS, (5) ESTUARINE (also referred to as TIDAL FRINGE), (6) LACUSTRINE (also referred to as LACUSTRINE FRINGE), and (7) SLOPES. The classes are considered to have distinctive “ecological character” as they represent the hydrogeomorphic functions of wetlands relating to plant structures, primary production rates, biogenic accumulation rates, and wetland sedimentary fills. More... »

PAGES

1483-1489

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

The Wetland Book

ISBN

978-90-481-3493-9
978-90-481-9659-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_331

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_331

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104015937


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