National Wetland Policy: USA View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Kim Smaczniak

ABSTRACT

United States wetland policy has developed over the past four decades. Prior to the 1970s, government policy largely reflected the view of wetlands as unproductive swampland that posed a nuisance to human health, promoting drainage and repurposing for agriculture. Concern about wetland loss emerged only after its negative impacts to fish and waterfowl became apparent. Lack of restriction on wetland conversion leads to the loss of more than 50% of total wetland acreage in the contiguous United States over a 200-year period ending in 1980. In 1972, the US Congress passed the Clean Water Act, amending an existing law to create what remains the lynchpin of federal wetlands policy. As understanding of the importance of wetlands grew, a broad range of other federal legislation and programs advancing wetlands protection emerged. By 1987, the NGO Conservation Foundation convened a cross-sectoral forum leading to recommendation that national policy be guided by the goal of “no net loss” that was partially successful in reducing the rate of wetland loss but which did not account for regional differences and impacts on wetland functionality. More... »

PAGES

813-819

Book

TITLE

The Wetland Book

ISBN

978-90-481-3493-9
978-90-481-9659-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104015764


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1801", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Law", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/18", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Law and Legal Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "United States Department of Justice", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423379.8", 
          "name": [
            "United States Department of Justice"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Smaczniak", 
        "givenName": "Kim", 
        "id": "sg:person.016706553604.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016706553604.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-01-01", 
    "description": "United States wetland policy has developed over the past four decades. Prior to the 1970s, government policy largely reflected the view of wetlands as unproductive swampland that posed a nuisance to human health, promoting drainage and repurposing for agriculture. Concern about wetland loss emerged only after its negative impacts to fish and waterfowl became apparent. Lack of restriction on wetland conversion leads to the loss of more than 50% of total wetland acreage in the contiguous United States over a 200-year period ending in 1980. In 1972, the US Congress passed the Clean Water Act, amending an existing law to create what remains the lynchpin of federal wetlands policy. As understanding of the importance of wetlands grew, a broad range of other federal legislation and programs advancing wetlands protection emerged. By 1987, the NGO Conservation Foundation convened a cross-sectoral forum leading to recommendation that national policy be guided by the goal of \u201cno net loss\u201d that was partially successful in reducing the rate of wetland loss but which did not account for regional differences and impacts on wetland functionality.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Finlayson", 
        "givenName": "C. Max", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Everard", 
        "givenName": "Mark", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Irvine", 
        "givenName": "Kenneth", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "McInnes", 
        "givenName": "Robert J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Middleton", 
        "givenName": "Beth A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "van Dam", 
        "givenName": "Anne A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Davidson", 
        "givenName": "Nick C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-90-481-3493-9", 
        "978-90-481-9659-3"
      ], 
      "name": "The Wetland Book", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "National Wetland Policy: USA", 
    "pagination": "813-819", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "15fd3f0a6895131cc8b97a8b0e9adb20c07c8ac4f982b9a58faefd5eebda9733"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1104015764"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Dordrecht", 
      "name": "Springer Netherlands", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104015764"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T22:17", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000431.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

95 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      27 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153 schema:about anzsrc-for:18
2 anzsrc-for:1801
3 schema:author Nde79989b77e1471084940438a39e378e
4 schema:datePublished 2018
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-01-01
6 schema:description United States wetland policy has developed over the past four decades. Prior to the 1970s, government policy largely reflected the view of wetlands as unproductive swampland that posed a nuisance to human health, promoting drainage and repurposing for agriculture. Concern about wetland loss emerged only after its negative impacts to fish and waterfowl became apparent. Lack of restriction on wetland conversion leads to the loss of more than 50% of total wetland acreage in the contiguous United States over a 200-year period ending in 1980. In 1972, the US Congress passed the Clean Water Act, amending an existing law to create what remains the lynchpin of federal wetlands policy. As understanding of the importance of wetlands grew, a broad range of other federal legislation and programs advancing wetlands protection emerged. By 1987, the NGO Conservation Foundation convened a cross-sectoral forum leading to recommendation that national policy be guided by the goal of “no net loss” that was partially successful in reducing the rate of wetland loss but which did not account for regional differences and impacts on wetland functionality.
7 schema:editor N0080149566f24500bdef68458e1e9e2d
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf N27736294e667456d863f637bb689a088
12 schema:name National Wetland Policy: USA
13 schema:pagination 813-819
14 schema:productId N399e46bcff844a3a995b1946f2acb393
15 N4c7ff3c01291496793e041520050b3e3
16 N86d774b9600d45ca82635f1a95b48868
17 schema:publisher N1b0ca691163c4ec5b6d5ac66e4d0de63
18 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104015764
19 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153
20 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T22:17
21 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
22 schema:sdPublisher N0566996d752042a0bbac800537c2737d
23 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153
24 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
25 sgo:sdDataset chapters
26 rdf:type schema:Chapter
27 N0080149566f24500bdef68458e1e9e2d rdf:first Ne6850aff485f44f3a0e5993c33041018
28 rdf:rest N43574319ea25409285671d5a7a42bd14
29 N0566996d752042a0bbac800537c2737d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
30 rdf:type schema:Organization
31 N086712e82cc9416d8275551745e715af rdf:first N7675fce3b8b645f7bec1bdc905d16bf3
32 rdf:rest N9967b865dd3446fdb1ffea706e050f6f
33 N0bf4baa2b3b5425489ca76d681bfdc81 rdf:first Nedfa478d411d4539b0ce275bc7ac49ed
34 rdf:rest Nc3aa81212fb4425cb479ffe91ecebb4d
35 N1b0ca691163c4ec5b6d5ac66e4d0de63 schema:location Dordrecht
36 schema:name Springer Netherlands
37 rdf:type schema:Organisation
38 N27736294e667456d863f637bb689a088 schema:isbn 978-90-481-3493-9
39 978-90-481-9659-3
40 schema:name The Wetland Book
41 rdf:type schema:Book
42 N399e46bcff844a3a995b1946f2acb393 schema:name doi
43 schema:value 10.1007/978-90-481-9659-3_153
44 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
45 N43574319ea25409285671d5a7a42bd14 rdf:first Ne1adeca8286f43bbaf5be27a6e4b46da
46 rdf:rest N086712e82cc9416d8275551745e715af
47 N4c7ff3c01291496793e041520050b3e3 schema:name readcube_id
48 schema:value 15fd3f0a6895131cc8b97a8b0e9adb20c07c8ac4f982b9a58faefd5eebda9733
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 N4ed0119c1ac24e678b36090b4c779ea2 schema:familyName Davidson
51 schema:givenName Nick C.
52 rdf:type schema:Person
53 N7675fce3b8b645f7bec1bdc905d16bf3 schema:familyName Irvine
54 schema:givenName Kenneth
55 rdf:type schema:Person
56 N86d774b9600d45ca82635f1a95b48868 schema:name dimensions_id
57 schema:value pub.1104015764
58 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
59 N9967b865dd3446fdb1ffea706e050f6f rdf:first Na701bc9a9fc44d42831c4a55eb9b8c57
60 rdf:rest N0bf4baa2b3b5425489ca76d681bfdc81
61 N9ca4227d93264ddab524dd365c912518 schema:familyName van Dam
62 schema:givenName Anne A.
63 rdf:type schema:Person
64 Na701bc9a9fc44d42831c4a55eb9b8c57 schema:familyName McInnes
65 schema:givenName Robert J.
66 rdf:type schema:Person
67 Nc3aa81212fb4425cb479ffe91ecebb4d rdf:first N9ca4227d93264ddab524dd365c912518
68 rdf:rest Nf6465d6188fc4c03b6af4a27b638fb88
69 Nde79989b77e1471084940438a39e378e rdf:first sg:person.016706553604.41
70 rdf:rest rdf:nil
71 Ne1adeca8286f43bbaf5be27a6e4b46da schema:familyName Everard
72 schema:givenName Mark
73 rdf:type schema:Person
74 Ne6850aff485f44f3a0e5993c33041018 schema:familyName Finlayson
75 schema:givenName C. Max
76 rdf:type schema:Person
77 Nedfa478d411d4539b0ce275bc7ac49ed schema:familyName Middleton
78 schema:givenName Beth A.
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 Nf6465d6188fc4c03b6af4a27b638fb88 rdf:first N4ed0119c1ac24e678b36090b4c779ea2
81 rdf:rest rdf:nil
82 anzsrc-for:18 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
83 schema:name Law and Legal Studies
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 anzsrc-for:1801 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
86 schema:name Law
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 sg:person.016706553604.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423379.8
89 schema:familyName Smaczniak
90 schema:givenName Kim
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016706553604.41
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423379.8 schema:alternateName United States Department of Justice
94 schema:name United States Department of Justice
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...