Screening for Compounds Enhancing Fibre Degradation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2009-11-06

AUTHORS

Devki N. Kamra , Neeta Agarwal , Tim A. McAllister

ABSTRACT

Ruminants have a unique capacity to utilize ligno-cellulosic feeds as a major component of their diet to get energy for their survival. They are also able to utilize non-protein nitrogen sources for the synthesis of microbial protein in the rumen. These tasks are accomplished in the rumen by a complex consortium of rumen microbes that live in an ecto-symbiotic relationship with the host animal. This microbial eco-system consists of bacteria, archaea, protozoa, fungi, mycoplasmas and bacteriophages. These microbes are a mixture of micro-aerophilic, facultative and obligate anaerobes that utilize a minimal amount of feed energy for their survival and conserve more than 85% of gross energy intake in the form of volatile fatty acids which are used by the host as a source of energy. The rumen contains microbes that represent a rich pool of a large number of highly active fibrolytic enzymes. The extraction of energy from the ligno-cellulosic feed is only partial and a substantial amount of dietary energy remains unutilized due to resistance of ligno-cellulose to digestion. More... »

PAGES

87-105

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

In vitro screening of plant resources for extra-nutritional attributes in ruminants: nuclear and related methodologies

ISBN

978-90-481-3296-6
978-90-481-3297-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-90-481-3297-3_6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3297-3_6

DIMENSIONS

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