Management of Concomitant Pelvic Disorders: The Urologic Perspective View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2014

AUTHORS

Giulio Del Popolo , Stefania Musco , Vincenzo Li Marzi

ABSTRACT

The pelvic floor is a crossover of various complex functions, and can be considered from three aspects: urological, gynaecological, and coloproctological. The pelvic floor is at risk of damage in females because of its anatomy, since the pelvic organs are positioned in dynamic tensile structures that are subject to weakness over time. There are many factors to be considered, both intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic factors induce the reduction of collagen production, which might lead to deterioration of the fibroelastic support. Extrinsic factors (i.e., constipation, cough, and physical activities) induce an increase in abdominal pressure. Two critical moments in the life of a woman are pregnancy and delivery, which can result in injury. Birth trauma may lead to muscle and neurological lesions, and damage due to stretching. Further alterations are brought about by hormonal changes in the menopause. Symptoms of damage are voiding dysfunction, incontinence, urinary retention, gynecological disorders (such as dyspareunia or vaginal prolapse), and coloproctology dysfunctions (such as constipation and fecal incontinence). An overactive pelvic floor is frequently associated with voiding difficulties of the bladder, and constipation, dyspareunia, and chronic pelvic pain. A reduced tone of the pelvic floor is associated with urinary stress incontinence and/or fecal incontinence, vaginal prolapse, and sexual problems. The most frequent urological symptom in females is stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to sphincter deficiency, with involuntary loss of urine during activities requiring effort. More... »

PAGES

251-260

Book

TITLE

Pelvic Floor Disorders: Surgical Approach

ISBN

978-88-470-5440-0
978-88-470-5441-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-5441-7_26

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-5441-7_26

DIMENSIONS

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49 schema:description The pelvic floor is a crossover of various complex functions, and can be considered from three aspects: urological, gynaecological, and coloproctological. The pelvic floor is at risk of damage in females because of its anatomy, since the pelvic organs are positioned in dynamic tensile structures that are subject to weakness over time. There are many factors to be considered, both intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic factors induce the reduction of collagen production, which might lead to deterioration of the fibroelastic support. Extrinsic factors (i.e., constipation, cough, and physical activities) induce an increase in abdominal pressure. Two critical moments in the life of a woman are pregnancy and delivery, which can result in injury. Birth trauma may lead to muscle and neurological lesions, and damage due to stretching. Further alterations are brought about by hormonal changes in the menopause. Symptoms of damage are voiding dysfunction, incontinence, urinary retention, gynecological disorders (such as dyspareunia or vaginal prolapse), and coloproctology dysfunctions (such as constipation and fecal incontinence). An overactive pelvic floor is frequently associated with voiding difficulties of the bladder, and constipation, dyspareunia, and chronic pelvic pain. A reduced tone of the pelvic floor is associated with urinary stress incontinence and/or fecal incontinence, vaginal prolapse, and sexual problems. The most frequent urological symptom in females is stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to sphincter deficiency, with involuntary loss of urine during activities requiring effort.
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