Contrast Echocardiography in the ICU and OR View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2012-12-18

AUTHORS

Paolo Voci , Luigi Tritapepe , Demetrio Tallarico , Luciano Agati

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound contrast agents can be divided into first-generation and second-generation agents. First generation hand-agitated saline solutions contain large and unstable air microbubbles which cannot pass through the pulmonary microcirculation and are used only for the opacification of the right side of the heart. These agents have been used for about 40 years to rule out a shunt at the level of the fossa ovalis. Second-generation agents are made of smaller, more standardized and stable microbubbles containing a low-diffusable gas. They can easily cross the pulmonary circulation and provide left ventricular cavity and left ventricular myocardial opacification. These agents are used for better delineation of the endocardial contour and for myocardial perfusion studies. More... »

PAGES

245-248

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-2583-7_26

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-2583-7_26

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014679972


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