Special Aspects of Musculoskeletal Imaging in Children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2009

AUTHORS

Diego Jaramillo , Paul K. Kleinman

ABSTRACT

In children, the skeleton undergoes multiple changes with age. These age-related transformations determine the distribution of disease, the patterns of injury, and their imaging characteristics. During development, cartilage is converted to bone and hematopoietic marrow to fatty marrow. Most epiphyses and apophyses are cartilaginous at birth and become increasingly ossified [1]. Epiphyseal cartilage has intermediate signal intensity on Tl-weighted images and low signal intensity on water-sensitive images. Epiphyseal cartilage is normally hypointense along the body’s weight-bearing regions [2]. Within the epiphyseal cartilage there is no capillary network; instead, there are multiple vascular canals which contain the veins and arteries that bring nutrients to the chondrocytes [3]. These can be visible as parallel striations on neonatal sonograms, and Doppler interrogation demonstrates flow within them [4]. Following contrast administration, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will show the vascular canals, which become arranged in a radial pattern as the ossification centers develop [5]. More... »

PAGES

158-165

Book

TITLE

Musculoskeletal Diseases 2009–2012

ISBN

978-88-470-1377-3
978-88-470-1378-0

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-1378-0_26

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-1378-0_26

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035370597


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