Is Inequality Inevitable in Society? Income Distribution as a Consequence of Resource Flow in Hierarchical Organizations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2007-01-01

AUTHORS

Sitabhra Sinha , Nisheeth Srivastava

ABSTRACT

Almost all societies, once they attain a certain level of complexity, exhibit inequality in the income of its members. Hierarchical stratification of social classes may be a major contributor to such unequal distribution of income, with intra-class variation often being negligible compared to inter-class differences. In this paper, examples from different historical periods, such as 10th century Byzantium and the Mughal empire of India in the 15th century, and different kinds of organizations, such as a criminal gang in the USA and Manufacturing & IT Services companies in India, are shown to suggest a causal relation between the hierarchical structure of social organization and the observed income inequality in societies. Proceeding from the assumption that income inequality may be a consequence of resource flow in a hierarchically structured social network, we present a model to show that empirically observed long-tailed income distribution can be explained through a process of division of assets at various levels in a hierarchical organization. More... »

PAGES

216-226

Book

TITLE

Econophysics of Markets and Business Networks

ISBN

978-88-470-0664-5
978-88-470-0665-2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034107057


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462414.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sinha", 
        "givenName": "Sitabhra", 
        "id": "sg:person.01106420703.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01106420703.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462414.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Srivastava", 
        "givenName": "Nisheeth", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2007-01-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2007-01-01", 
    "description": "Almost all societies, once they attain a certain level of complexity, exhibit inequality in the income of its members. Hierarchical stratification of social classes may be a major contributor to such unequal distribution of income, with intra-class variation often being negligible compared to inter-class differences. In this paper, examples from different historical periods, such as 10th century Byzantium and the Mughal empire of India in the 15th century, and different kinds of organizations, such as a criminal gang in the USA and Manufacturing & IT Services companies in India, are shown to suggest a causal relation between the hierarchical structure of social organization and the observed income inequality in societies. Proceeding from the assumption that income inequality may be a consequence of resource flow in a hierarchically structured social network, we present a model to show that empirically observed long-tailed income distribution can be explained through a process of division of assets at various levels in a hierarchical organization.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Chatterjee", 
        "givenName": "Arnab", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Chakrabarti", 
        "givenName": "Bikas K.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-88-470-0664-5", 
        "978-88-470-0665-2"
      ], 
      "name": "Econophysics of Markets and Business Networks", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "income inequality", 
      "income distribution", 
      "observed income inequality", 
      "resource flows", 
      "such unequal distribution", 
      "unequal distribution", 
      "inequality", 
      "income", 
      "hierarchical stratification", 
      "service companies", 
      "causal relations", 
      "century Byzantium", 
      "different historical periods", 
      "IT services company", 
      "Mughal Empire", 
      "certain level", 
      "assets", 
      "India", 
      "social class", 
      "historical period", 
      "society", 
      "companies", 
      "organization", 
      "consequences", 
      "social networks", 
      "social organization", 
      "criminal gangs", 
      "assumption", 
      "manufacturing", 
      "USA", 
      "inter-class differences", 
      "hierarchical organization", 
      "model", 
      "levels", 
      "distribution", 
      "different kinds", 
      "period", 
      "century", 
      "major contributor", 
      "flow", 
      "contributor", 
      "division", 
      "hierarchical structure", 
      "relation", 
      "Empire", 
      "example", 
      "members", 
      "process of division", 
      "differences", 
      "kind", 
      "variation", 
      "class", 
      "structure", 
      "process", 
      "network", 
      "complexity", 
      "gangs", 
      "stratification", 
      "intra-class variations", 
      "Byzantium", 
      "paper"
    ], 
    "name": "Is Inequality Inevitable in Society? Income Distribution as a Consequence of Resource Flow in Hierarchical Organizations", 
    "pagination": "216-226", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1034107057"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034107057"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:46", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_36.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

132 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      86 URIs      79 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author N7a96654c930e45499bb70548380dc402
4 schema:datePublished 2007-01-01
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2007-01-01
6 schema:description Almost all societies, once they attain a certain level of complexity, exhibit inequality in the income of its members. Hierarchical stratification of social classes may be a major contributor to such unequal distribution of income, with intra-class variation often being negligible compared to inter-class differences. In this paper, examples from different historical periods, such as 10th century Byzantium and the Mughal empire of India in the 15th century, and different kinds of organizations, such as a criminal gang in the USA and Manufacturing & IT Services companies in India, are shown to suggest a causal relation between the hierarchical structure of social organization and the observed income inequality in societies. Proceeding from the assumption that income inequality may be a consequence of resource flow in a hierarchically structured social network, we present a model to show that empirically observed long-tailed income distribution can be explained through a process of division of assets at various levels in a hierarchical organization.
7 schema:editor Ne39adbcfa7c942439d060b6140c77297
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf Nf2e9c68ab8954275bf6c7901fecc6b85
12 schema:keywords Byzantium
13 Empire
14 IT services company
15 India
16 Mughal Empire
17 USA
18 assets
19 assumption
20 causal relations
21 century
22 century Byzantium
23 certain level
24 class
25 companies
26 complexity
27 consequences
28 contributor
29 criminal gangs
30 differences
31 different historical periods
32 different kinds
33 distribution
34 division
35 example
36 flow
37 gangs
38 hierarchical organization
39 hierarchical stratification
40 hierarchical structure
41 historical period
42 income
43 income distribution
44 income inequality
45 inequality
46 inter-class differences
47 intra-class variations
48 kind
49 levels
50 major contributor
51 manufacturing
52 members
53 model
54 network
55 observed income inequality
56 organization
57 paper
58 period
59 process
60 process of division
61 relation
62 resource flows
63 service companies
64 social class
65 social networks
66 social organization
67 society
68 stratification
69 structure
70 such unequal distribution
71 unequal distribution
72 variation
73 schema:name Is Inequality Inevitable in Society? Income Distribution as a Consequence of Resource Flow in Hierarchical Organizations
74 schema:pagination 216-226
75 schema:productId N370745dd0f0d4762ad47828cc9a88a9d
76 Nc7d5a8d7767b49aab227664518be537d
77 schema:publisher Nca278179058b49e78bf7cbf265aabbb5
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034107057
79 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15
80 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:46
81 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
82 schema:sdPublisher N9669364e78084f1f8ecdbdcc6f59fc72
83 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15
84 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
85 sgo:sdDataset chapters
86 rdf:type schema:Chapter
87 N14a014d10f3942a28b4735ce955342e2 schema:familyName Chatterjee
88 schema:givenName Arnab
89 rdf:type schema:Person
90 N370745dd0f0d4762ad47828cc9a88a9d schema:name doi
91 schema:value 10.1007/978-88-470-0665-2_15
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 N7a96654c930e45499bb70548380dc402 rdf:first sg:person.01106420703.25
94 rdf:rest Nc116d9d8338e4626acc78f1fa49576eb
95 N8edcfd61a601490cbe1e9567d807b0ba schema:familyName Chakrabarti
96 schema:givenName Bikas K.
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 N9669364e78084f1f8ecdbdcc6f59fc72 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
99 rdf:type schema:Organization
100 Nc116d9d8338e4626acc78f1fa49576eb rdf:first Ne417b58d039841db96790089d1b57043
101 rdf:rest rdf:nil
102 Nc7d5a8d7767b49aab227664518be537d schema:name dimensions_id
103 schema:value pub.1034107057
104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
105 Nca278179058b49e78bf7cbf265aabbb5 schema:name Springer Nature
106 rdf:type schema:Organisation
107 Nce899c187dc44c8da262e3c81c73c625 rdf:first N8edcfd61a601490cbe1e9567d807b0ba
108 rdf:rest rdf:nil
109 Ne39adbcfa7c942439d060b6140c77297 rdf:first N14a014d10f3942a28b4735ce955342e2
110 rdf:rest Nce899c187dc44c8da262e3c81c73c625
111 Ne417b58d039841db96790089d1b57043 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.462414.1
112 schema:familyName Srivastava
113 schema:givenName Nisheeth
114 rdf:type schema:Person
115 Nf2e9c68ab8954275bf6c7901fecc6b85 schema:isbn 978-88-470-0664-5
116 978-88-470-0665-2
117 schema:name Econophysics of Markets and Business Networks
118 rdf:type schema:Book
119 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
120 schema:name Economics
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
123 schema:name Applied Economics
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 sg:person.01106420703.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.462414.1
126 schema:familyName Sinha
127 schema:givenName Sitabhra
128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01106420703.25
129 rdf:type schema:Person
130 grid-institutes:grid.462414.1 schema:alternateName The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India
131 schema:name The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, 600 113, Taramani, Chennai, India
132 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...