Floral Morphology and Sexuality View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2014

AUTHORS

K.R. Shivanna , Rajesh Tandon , K. R. Shivanna

ABSTRACT

Flowering plants show great variation in their size, longevity and morphology. They may be herbs or shrubs or trees or climbers or creepers or epiphytes. Their life span is also variable; they may be annuals or biennials or perennials. Annuals complete their life cycle in 1 year; they produce seeds towards the end of their life cycle and die. Biennials devote the first year to vegetative growth building up the reserve of resources and enter reproductive phase in the second year; after seed production they die. Perennials live for many years. When once they reach a required age (depending on the species), perennials enter reproductive phase repeatedly. In some perennial species, particularly the tree species, flowering does not occur every year; they flower in alternate years or at intervals of several years. Also the extent of flowering and fruiting may not be the same in each flowering season; some years they produce large seed crops alternating with years of lean or no seed production. In some such species, all the individuals of a population tend to synchronize their flowering event resulting in a bumper crop (masting) in years of large seed production (Kelly 1994; Fenner and Thompson 2005; Sakai et al. 2005). More... »

PAGES

25-33

Book

TITLE

Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual

ISBN

978-81-322-2002-2
978-81-322-2003-9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-81-322-2003-9_4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2003-9_4

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