Clinical Results of Specific Targeting Therapy Against Patients with Malignant Glioma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1996

AUTHORS

Makoto Hishii , Taizo Nitta , Michimasa Ebato , Ko Okumura , Kiyoshi Sato

ABSTRACT

Targeting of T or NK cells to tumor cells by bispecific antibodies as a possible way of targeting cancer cells has gained increasing interest in the past few years. We treated 31 patients with malignant glioma by means of local adoptive transfer of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells coupled with bispecific antibodies (anti-CD3Xanti-glioma) as an adjuvant therapy. Approximately 50% of the patients treated with this specific targeting therapy (STT) remain alive at 3-year follow-up, and 40% of the patients are free from recurrence. The effectiveness of this therapy is confirmed by serial computed tomography (CT) scans, which revealed disappearance of remnant tumors in some patients. In addition, histological specimens obtained by the use of CT-guided stereotactic biopsy from the lesions showed marked necrosis and degeneration after STT. However, patients presenting with recurrent glioma were relatively resistant to STT. This is because a hyaline membrane formed on the surface of glioma that may interfere with lymphocyte tracking into the tumor from the operative and histological findings. Five patients developed microbial infection, but 4 cases were treated successfully with the use of antimicrobial drugs. No neurological deterioration was observed after STT. Taken together, STT can produce higher response rates in malignant glioma patients than those achieved with LAK cells only or with other conventional treatments, and might be one of the most promising adjuvant therapies for other types of cancer. More... »

PAGES

363-370

Book

TITLE

Brain Tumor

ISBN

978-4-431-66889-3
978-4-431-66887-9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-4-431-66887-9_37

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-66887-9_37

DIMENSIONS

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