Calcineurin and cyclophilin D are differential targets of neuroprotection by immunosuppressants CsA and FK506 in ischemic brain damage View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2003

AUTHORS

Hiroyuki Uchino , N. Ishii , F. Shibasaki

ABSTRACT

The search for an effective treatment for global ischemia following cardiac arrest has proved to be very difficult. However, studies by Uchino et al. [1, 2] show that the immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA), when administered in such a way that the drug can bypass the blood brain barrier (BBB), dramatically reduces ischemic damage in rat forebrain preparations. An alternative immunosuppressant, FK506, is apparently less efficacious [3, 4]. Both CsA and FK506 are specific inhibitors of immunophilins, (CsA inhibits cyclophilins, FK506 inhibits FKBPs), and of calcineurin, a type 2B Ser/Thr phosphatase that is abundant in the central nervous system [5]. The superiority of CsA may be partly attributable to its selective amelioration of mitochondrial damage, as assayed in vivo and in vitro. Our results suggest that pathways involving calcineurin and cyclophilins, particularly mitochondrial cyclophilin D, play pivotal roles in the development of ischemic brain damage. The present findings may inform the search for new drugs in the treatment of global ischemic damage to the brain, and in other organs. More... »

PAGES

105-111

Book

TITLE

Brain Edema XII

ISBN

978-3-7091-7220-9
978-3-7091-0651-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-0651-8_24

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-0651-8_24

DIMENSIONS

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