Cryopreservation of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture for the Conservation of Germplasm and Biodiversity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1995

AUTHORS

Y. P. S. Bajaj

ABSTRACT

The indiscriminate clearing of forests and agricultural land has led to the depeletion of the naturally occurring reservoirs of plant germplasm. About 20 000 species of higher plants are believed to be endangered, rare, and threatened with extinction. Moreover, the green revolution no longer appears to be green, as many of the original native cultivars, especially those of wheat, have been discarded and eventually lost. In Greece, for instance, since World War II, 95% of the wheat varieties have been abandoned (Plucknett et al. 1983), and some of them must have been lost, leading to a continuous depletion of genetic variability. On the other hand, the importance of conservation of rice germplasm has been adequately emphasized (Chang and Vaughan 1991), as wild relatives of rice are also disappearing because of various developmental projects. In maize, for instance, the damage caused by Helminthosporium maydis in the 1970s in the USA alerted plant breeders to look for unconventional sources of genetic variability to avoid such an eventuality in the future. The germplasm of a number of medicinal plants and forest trees is also threatened with extinction (Hussain 1983; Sakai 1986). More... »

PAGES

3-28

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030053614


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0502", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Science and Management", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0703", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Crop and Pasture Production", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412577.2", 
          "name": [
            "Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bajaj", 
        "givenName": "Y. P. S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012105314401.85", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012105314401.85"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1995", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1995-01-01", 
    "description": "The indiscriminate clearing of forests and agricultural land has led to the depeletion of the naturally occurring reservoirs of plant germplasm. About 20 000 species of higher plants are believed to be endangered, rare, and threatened with extinction. Moreover, the green revolution no longer appears to be green, as many of the original native cultivars, especially those of wheat, have been discarded and eventually lost. In Greece, for instance, since World War II, 95% of the wheat varieties have been abandoned (Plucknett et al. 1983), and some of them must have been lost, leading to a continuous depletion of genetic variability. On the other hand, the importance of conservation of rice germplasm has been adequately emphasized (Chang and Vaughan 1991), as wild relatives of rice are also disappearing because of various developmental projects. In maize, for instance, the damage caused by Helminthosporium maydis in the 1970s in the USA alerted plant breeders to look for unconventional sources of genetic variability to avoid such an eventuality in the future. The germplasm of a number of medicinal plants and forest trees is also threatened with extinction (Hussain 1983; Sakai 1986).", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Bajaj", 
        "givenName": "Y. P. S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-08184-2", 
        "978-3-662-03096-7"
      ], 
      "name": "Cryopreservation of Plant Germplasm I", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "importance of conservation", 
      "genetic variability", 
      "conservation of germplasm", 
      "indiscriminate clearing", 
      "agricultural land", 
      "forest trees", 
      "plant germplasm", 
      "wild relatives", 
      "plant cells", 
      "higher plants", 
      "Green Revolution", 
      "developmental projects", 
      "plant breeders", 
      "conservation", 
      "rice germplasm", 
      "native cultivars", 
      "extinction", 
      "germplasm", 
      "wheat varieties", 
      "continuous depletion", 
      "unconventional sources", 
      "Helminthosporium maydis", 
      "plants", 
      "biodiversity", 
      "medicinal plants", 
      "forest", 
      "land", 
      "clearing", 
      "variability", 
      "organ culture", 
      "species", 
      "trees", 
      "maydis", 
      "maize", 
      "depeletion", 
      "USA", 
      "wheat", 
      "breeders", 
      "rice", 
      "cultivars", 
      "reservoir", 
      "cells", 
      "importance", 
      "Greece", 
      "future", 
      "depletion", 
      "relatives", 
      "source", 
      "tissue", 
      "project", 
      "culture", 
      "cryopreservation", 
      "variety", 
      "damage", 
      "World War II", 
      "War II", 
      "number", 
      "instances", 
      "eventuality", 
      "hand", 
      "revolution", 
      "original native cultivars"
    ], 
    "name": "Cryopreservation of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture for the Conservation of Germplasm and Biodiversity", 
    "pagination": "3-28", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1030053614"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030053614"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T19:18", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_315.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

142 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      93 URIs      81 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1 schema:about anzsrc-for:05
2 anzsrc-for:0502
3 anzsrc-for:06
4 anzsrc-for:0604
5 anzsrc-for:0607
6 anzsrc-for:07
7 anzsrc-for:0703
8 schema:author N8929837d63024a279306f85af61fb062
9 schema:datePublished 1995
10 schema:datePublishedReg 1995-01-01
11 schema:description The indiscriminate clearing of forests and agricultural land has led to the depeletion of the naturally occurring reservoirs of plant germplasm. About 20 000 species of higher plants are believed to be endangered, rare, and threatened with extinction. Moreover, the green revolution no longer appears to be green, as many of the original native cultivars, especially those of wheat, have been discarded and eventually lost. In Greece, for instance, since World War II, 95% of the wheat varieties have been abandoned (Plucknett et al. 1983), and some of them must have been lost, leading to a continuous depletion of genetic variability. On the other hand, the importance of conservation of rice germplasm has been adequately emphasized (Chang and Vaughan 1991), as wild relatives of rice are also disappearing because of various developmental projects. In maize, for instance, the damage caused by Helminthosporium maydis in the 1970s in the USA alerted plant breeders to look for unconventional sources of genetic variability to avoid such an eventuality in the future. The germplasm of a number of medicinal plants and forest trees is also threatened with extinction (Hussain 1983; Sakai 1986).
12 schema:editor N73ea1aadb88d486c9f959984699d2b66
13 schema:genre chapter
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
16 schema:isPartOf N3006bcbb20fb4b79b4701a32bd28d80c
17 schema:keywords Greece
18 Green Revolution
19 Helminthosporium maydis
20 USA
21 War II
22 World War II
23 agricultural land
24 biodiversity
25 breeders
26 cells
27 clearing
28 conservation
29 conservation of germplasm
30 continuous depletion
31 cryopreservation
32 cultivars
33 culture
34 damage
35 depeletion
36 depletion
37 developmental projects
38 eventuality
39 extinction
40 forest
41 forest trees
42 future
43 genetic variability
44 germplasm
45 hand
46 higher plants
47 importance
48 importance of conservation
49 indiscriminate clearing
50 instances
51 land
52 maize
53 maydis
54 medicinal plants
55 native cultivars
56 number
57 organ culture
58 original native cultivars
59 plant breeders
60 plant cells
61 plant germplasm
62 plants
63 project
64 relatives
65 reservoir
66 revolution
67 rice
68 rice germplasm
69 source
70 species
71 tissue
72 trees
73 unconventional sources
74 variability
75 variety
76 wheat
77 wheat varieties
78 wild relatives
79 schema:name Cryopreservation of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture for the Conservation of Germplasm and Biodiversity
80 schema:pagination 3-28
81 schema:productId N0959856b5c8b4da69134b564c6a1b8e9
82 N5851262a34eb401c97a0dbe14894300d
83 schema:publisher Ne5a67527de8340748e563c1b98cf39c0
84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030053614
85 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1
86 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T19:18
87 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
88 schema:sdPublisher Ndbd287dd3d04404db9989d388b71298e
89 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1
90 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
91 sgo:sdDataset chapters
92 rdf:type schema:Chapter
93 N0959856b5c8b4da69134b564c6a1b8e9 schema:name doi
94 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-662-03096-7_1
95 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
96 N3006bcbb20fb4b79b4701a32bd28d80c schema:isbn 978-3-642-08184-2
97 978-3-662-03096-7
98 schema:name Cryopreservation of Plant Germplasm I
99 rdf:type schema:Book
100 N5851262a34eb401c97a0dbe14894300d schema:name dimensions_id
101 schema:value pub.1030053614
102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
103 N73ea1aadb88d486c9f959984699d2b66 rdf:first N77c27486eeb94155abf1dfcdf4d92a63
104 rdf:rest rdf:nil
105 N77c27486eeb94155abf1dfcdf4d92a63 schema:familyName Bajaj
106 schema:givenName Y. P. S.
107 rdf:type schema:Person
108 N8929837d63024a279306f85af61fb062 rdf:first sg:person.012105314401.85
109 rdf:rest rdf:nil
110 Ndbd287dd3d04404db9989d388b71298e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
111 rdf:type schema:Organization
112 Ne5a67527de8340748e563c1b98cf39c0 schema:name Springer Nature
113 rdf:type schema:Organisation
114 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
115 schema:name Environmental Sciences
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 anzsrc-for:0502 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
118 schema:name Environmental Science and Management
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
121 schema:name Biological Sciences
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
124 schema:name Genetics
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
127 schema:name Plant Biology
128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
129 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
130 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 anzsrc-for:0703 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
133 schema:name Crop and Pasture Production
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 sg:person.012105314401.85 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412577.2
136 schema:familyName Bajaj
137 schema:givenName Y. P. S.
138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012105314401.85
139 rdf:type schema:Person
140 grid-institutes:grid.412577.2 schema:alternateName Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India
141 schema:name Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India
142 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...