Somatic Embryogenesis and Its Applications for Crop Improvement View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1995

AUTHORS

Y. P. S. Bajaj

ABSTRACT

One of the most spectacular achievements in plant tissue culture has been the discovery of the induction of somatic embryogenesis in cell cultures (Reinert 1958; Steward et al. 1958). It demonstrated the persistence of totipotency in cells of higher plants, i.e., the regeneration of whole plants (see Reinert et al. 1977). These embryos are bipolar, in contrast to monopolar shoots or roots. Various developmental stages of somatic embryos, i.e., proembryo, globular, heart- and torpedo-shaped, are all strikingly similar to those occurring after the fertilization of the egg cell (Reinert 1959; see Figs. 1–12). Various terms, such as embryo-like structures, embryoides, adventitious embryos, accessory embryos, secondary embryos, asexual embryos, somatic embryos, etc., have been applied to these structures by various authors. In this chapter, the term somatic embryo has been used. Perhaps the best definition of such structures (Haccius 1971) states that the decisive feature for categorizing a plant structure as an embryo, besides other morphological properties, is its bipolarity and the fact that at the earliest developmental stage it has at opposite ends a shoot and a radicular pole. Furthermore, this system must not be connected with the vascular tissue of the mother plant or the explant during its initiation and development. With monopolar buds and roots, on the other hand, it is often possible to show their connection with the vascular elements of the mother plant or in the callus. More... »

PAGES

105-125

Book

TITLE

Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I

ISBN

978-3-642-08183-5
978-3-662-03091-2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023498988


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bajaj", 
        "givenName": "Y. P. S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012105314401.85", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012105314401.85"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1995", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1995-01-01", 
    "description": "One of the most spectacular achievements in plant tissue culture has been the discovery of the induction of somatic embryogenesis in cell cultures (Reinert 1958; Steward et al. 1958). It demonstrated the persistence of totipotency in cells of higher plants, i.e., the regeneration of whole plants (see Reinert et al. 1977). These embryos are bipolar, in contrast to monopolar shoots or roots. Various developmental stages of somatic embryos, i.e., proembryo, globular, heart- and torpedo-shaped, are all strikingly similar to those occurring after the fertilization of the egg cell (Reinert 1959; see Figs. 1\u201312). Various terms, such as embryo-like structures, embryoides, adventitious embryos, accessory embryos, secondary embryos, asexual embryos, somatic embryos, etc., have been applied to these structures by various authors. In this chapter, the term somatic embryo has been used. Perhaps the best definition of such structures (Haccius 1971) states that the decisive feature for categorizing a plant structure as an embryo, besides other morphological properties, is its bipolarity and the fact that at the earliest developmental stage it has at opposite ends a shoot and a radicular pole. Furthermore, this system must not be connected with the vascular tissue of the mother plant or the explant during its initiation and development. With monopolar buds and roots, on the other hand, it is often possible to show their connection with the vascular elements of the mother plant or in the callus.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Bajaj", 
        "givenName": "Y. P. S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-08183-5", 
        "978-3-662-03091-2"
      ], 
      "name": "Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "somatic embryos", 
      "mother plant", 
      "somatic embryogenesis", 
      "developmental stages", 
      "plant tissue culture", 
      "embryo-like structures", 
      "early developmental stages", 
      "crop improvement", 
      "higher plants", 
      "radicular pole", 
      "egg cell", 
      "adventitious embryos", 
      "secondary embryos", 
      "whole plant", 
      "asexual embryos", 
      "plant structure", 
      "embryos", 
      "plants", 
      "vascular tissue", 
      "embryogenesis", 
      "shoots", 
      "cell cultures", 
      "tissue culture", 
      "totipotency", 
      "roots", 
      "cells", 
      "vascular elements", 
      "proembryos", 
      "buds", 
      "callus", 
      "spectacular achievements", 
      "fertilization", 
      "explants", 
      "induction", 
      "culture", 
      "discovery", 
      "regeneration", 
      "stage", 
      "structure", 
      "tissue", 
      "persistence", 
      "initiation", 
      "bipolarity", 
      "contrast", 
      "decisive feature", 
      "development", 
      "such structures", 
      "elements", 
      "heart", 
      "poles", 
      "chapter", 
      "better definition", 
      "features", 
      "fact", 
      "morphological properties", 
      "system", 
      "hand", 
      "properties", 
      "connection", 
      "applications", 
      "terms", 
      "definition", 
      "improvement", 
      "achievement", 
      "authors"
    ], 
    "name": "Somatic Embryogenesis and Its Applications for Crop Improvement", 
    "pagination": "105-125", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1023498988"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023498988"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-10T10:55", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220509/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_51.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

125 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      90 URIs      83 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0607
3 schema:author Ne35d8264d032415c8ce32a77c1becf84
4 schema:datePublished 1995
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1995-01-01
6 schema:description One of the most spectacular achievements in plant tissue culture has been the discovery of the induction of somatic embryogenesis in cell cultures (Reinert 1958; Steward et al. 1958). It demonstrated the persistence of totipotency in cells of higher plants, i.e., the regeneration of whole plants (see Reinert et al. 1977). These embryos are bipolar, in contrast to monopolar shoots or roots. Various developmental stages of somatic embryos, i.e., proembryo, globular, heart- and torpedo-shaped, are all strikingly similar to those occurring after the fertilization of the egg cell (Reinert 1959; see Figs. 1–12). Various terms, such as embryo-like structures, embryoides, adventitious embryos, accessory embryos, secondary embryos, asexual embryos, somatic embryos, etc., have been applied to these structures by various authors. In this chapter, the term somatic embryo has been used. Perhaps the best definition of such structures (Haccius 1971) states that the decisive feature for categorizing a plant structure as an embryo, besides other morphological properties, is its bipolarity and the fact that at the earliest developmental stage it has at opposite ends a shoot and a radicular pole. Furthermore, this system must not be connected with the vascular tissue of the mother plant or the explant during its initiation and development. With monopolar buds and roots, on the other hand, it is often possible to show their connection with the vascular elements of the mother plant or in the callus.
7 schema:editor N47ac33ba814e4ea69262eefd300892ed
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf Nf8a4e8e6c2f643fda223f90cbc019cd7
12 schema:keywords achievement
13 adventitious embryos
14 applications
15 asexual embryos
16 authors
17 better definition
18 bipolarity
19 buds
20 callus
21 cell cultures
22 cells
23 chapter
24 connection
25 contrast
26 crop improvement
27 culture
28 decisive feature
29 definition
30 development
31 developmental stages
32 discovery
33 early developmental stages
34 egg cell
35 elements
36 embryo-like structures
37 embryogenesis
38 embryos
39 explants
40 fact
41 features
42 fertilization
43 hand
44 heart
45 higher plants
46 improvement
47 induction
48 initiation
49 morphological properties
50 mother plant
51 persistence
52 plant structure
53 plant tissue culture
54 plants
55 poles
56 proembryos
57 properties
58 radicular pole
59 regeneration
60 roots
61 secondary embryos
62 shoots
63 somatic embryogenesis
64 somatic embryos
65 spectacular achievements
66 stage
67 structure
68 such structures
69 system
70 terms
71 tissue
72 tissue culture
73 totipotency
74 vascular elements
75 vascular tissue
76 whole plant
77 schema:name Somatic Embryogenesis and Its Applications for Crop Improvement
78 schema:pagination 105-125
79 schema:productId N1fdbe82468f2426cb837004dd14c8daf
80 N3b58cd92be3f42f7a690b1994b446577
81 schema:publisher N5ef07fb7e68d4fcba338c96fcf086f75
82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023498988
83 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8
84 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-10T10:55
85 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
86 schema:sdPublisher N2e60db8791c64203a39971e08e5a7f5a
87 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8
88 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
89 sgo:sdDataset chapters
90 rdf:type schema:Chapter
91 N1fdbe82468f2426cb837004dd14c8daf schema:name dimensions_id
92 schema:value pub.1023498988
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 N2e60db8791c64203a39971e08e5a7f5a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 N3b58cd92be3f42f7a690b1994b446577 schema:name doi
97 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_8
98 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
99 N47ac33ba814e4ea69262eefd300892ed rdf:first Ne787f0bc5fad48ff80b2f488e1415947
100 rdf:rest rdf:nil
101 N5ef07fb7e68d4fcba338c96fcf086f75 schema:name Springer Nature
102 rdf:type schema:Organisation
103 Ne35d8264d032415c8ce32a77c1becf84 rdf:first sg:person.012105314401.85
104 rdf:rest rdf:nil
105 Ne787f0bc5fad48ff80b2f488e1415947 schema:familyName Bajaj
106 schema:givenName Y. P. S.
107 rdf:type schema:Person
108 Nf8a4e8e6c2f643fda223f90cbc019cd7 schema:isbn 978-3-642-08183-5
109 978-3-662-03091-2
110 schema:name Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I
111 rdf:type schema:Book
112 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
113 schema:name Biological Sciences
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
116 schema:name Plant Biology
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 sg:person.012105314401.85 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
119 schema:familyName Bajaj
120 schema:givenName Y. P. S.
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012105314401.85
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
124 schema:name Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...