Instabilities and Fluctuations in Systems Far from Thermodynamic Equilibrium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1978

AUTHORS

H. Thomas

ABSTRACT

Instabilities are phase-transition-like phenomena occurring in systems away from thermodynamic equilibrium, when the physical behaviour changes discontinuously at a critical value of an external control parameter. A phase transition in an equilibrium system is usually characterized by a softening of a normal mode, leading to bifurcation into a new phase of broken symmetry, and similar phenomena can occur in a nonequilibrium system. However, in contrast to systems in thermodynamic equilibrium, where some time-independent state exists for any value of the control parameter, in nonequilibrium systems breaking of time translation symmetry can give rise to a bifurcation into time-dependent “dynamical structures”. More... »

PAGES

278-296

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-87640-0_44

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-87640-0_44

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002246331


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