Modelling Climatic Interactions of the Marine Biota View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1993

AUTHORS

A. H. Taylor

ABSTRACT

The marine ecosystem is strongly driven by physical processes. In turn it influences the physical environment by hindering the penetration of radiation down the water column, and altering the chemical balances within the ocean and atmosphere; examples of these processes are described. This paper discusses the problem of incorporating these couplings in ocean models. Different methods of representing physical structure and physical forcing are reviewed and the difficulties of deciding on ecosystem compartments discussed. Although there are no universal equations governing population growth, Wiegert’s equations provide a convenient summary of most of the processes that have to be considered in formulating any model. The terms making up the equations are described, e.g. how limiting resources are treated, and the problems of estimating parameter values are discussed. Finally, a modelling investigation of data from the JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment in 1989 is presented as an illustrative case study. It shows how, in spite of the uncertainties associated with defining an appropriate model structure and assigning parameter values, an ecosystem model can reproduce and explain many of the features that are observed. There are also cautionary conclusions that arise from the study. The model illustrates how the impact of a climatic perturbation may be inaccurately predicted by a simpler model. Further, examination of observations from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey suggests that this model, which was developed for the NE Atlantic, may not be applied even to the NW Atlantic without some changes to take account of species differences. More... »

PAGES

373-413

Book

TITLE

Modelling Oceanic Climate Interactions

ISBN

978-3-642-84977-0
978-3-642-84975-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006609551


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