Modelling Climatic Interactions of the Marine Biota View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1993

AUTHORS

A. H. Taylor

ABSTRACT

The marine ecosystem is strongly driven by physical processes. In turn it influences the physical environment by hindering the penetration of radiation down the water column, and altering the chemical balances within the ocean and atmosphere; examples of these processes are described. This paper discusses the problem of incorporating these couplings in ocean models. Different methods of representing physical structure and physical forcing are reviewed and the difficulties of deciding on ecosystem compartments discussed. Although there are no universal equations governing population growth, Wiegert’s equations provide a convenient summary of most of the processes that have to be considered in formulating any model. The terms making up the equations are described, e.g. how limiting resources are treated, and the problems of estimating parameter values are discussed. Finally, a modelling investigation of data from the JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment in 1989 is presented as an illustrative case study. It shows how, in spite of the uncertainties associated with defining an appropriate model structure and assigning parameter values, an ecosystem model can reproduce and explain many of the features that are observed. There are also cautionary conclusions that arise from the study. The model illustrates how the impact of a climatic perturbation may be inaccurately predicted by a simpler model. Further, examination of observations from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey suggests that this model, which was developed for the NE Atlantic, may not be applied even to the NW Atlantic without some changes to take account of species differences. More... »

PAGES

373-413

Book

TITLE

Modelling Oceanic Climate Interactions

ISBN

978-3-642-84977-0
978-3-642-84975-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006609551


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0405", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Oceanography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Plymouth Marine Laboratory, PL1 3DH, Plymouth, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22319.3b", 
          "name": [
            "Plymouth Marine Laboratory, PL1 3DH, Plymouth, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Taylor", 
        "givenName": "A. H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015232316321.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015232316321.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1993", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1993-01-01", 
    "description": "The marine ecosystem is strongly driven by physical processes. In turn it influences the physical environment by hindering the penetration of radiation down the water column, and altering the chemical balances within the ocean and atmosphere; examples of these processes are described. This paper discusses the problem of incorporating these couplings in ocean models. Different methods of representing physical structure and physical forcing are reviewed and the difficulties of deciding on ecosystem compartments discussed. Although there are no universal equations governing population growth, Wiegert\u2019s equations provide a convenient summary of most of the processes that have to be considered in formulating any model. The terms making up the equations are described, e.g. how limiting resources are treated, and the problems of estimating parameter values are discussed. Finally, a modelling investigation of data from the JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment in 1989 is presented as an illustrative case study. It shows how, in spite of the uncertainties associated with defining an appropriate model structure and assigning parameter values, an ecosystem model can reproduce and explain many of the features that are observed. There are also cautionary conclusions that arise from the study. The model illustrates how the impact of a climatic perturbation may be inaccurately predicted by a simpler model. Further, examination of observations from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey suggests that this model, which was developed for the NE Atlantic, may not be applied even to the NW Atlantic without some changes to take account of species differences.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Willebrand", 
        "givenName": "J\u00fcrgen", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Anderson", 
        "givenName": "David L. T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-84977-0", 
        "978-3-642-84975-6"
      ], 
      "name": "Modelling Oceanic Climate Interactions", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "parameter values", 
      "appropriate model structure", 
      "JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment", 
      "equations", 
      "model structure", 
      "universal equation", 
      "Examination of observations", 
      "cautionary conclusions", 
      "illustrative case study", 
      "problem", 
      "physical processes", 
      "convenient summary", 
      "simple model", 
      "ocean model", 
      "model", 
      "different methods", 
      "penetration of radiation", 
      "North Atlantic Bloom Experiment", 
      "uncertainty", 
      "perturbations", 
      "physical structure", 
      "case study", 
      "ecosystem model", 
      "investigation of data", 
      "terms", 
      "process", 
      "structure", 
      "climatic interactions", 
      "forcing", 
      "coupling", 
      "difficulties", 
      "physical forcing", 
      "values", 
      "account", 
      "Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey", 
      "population growth", 
      "climatic perturbations", 
      "water column", 
      "NE Atlantic", 
      "NW Atlantic", 
      "marine biota", 
      "resources", 
      "marine ecosystems", 
      "data", 
      "experiments", 
      "chemical balance", 
      "ecosystem compartments", 
      "observations", 
      "features", 
      "Atlantic", 
      "balance", 
      "Ocean", 
      "turn", 
      "environment", 
      "spite", 
      "physical environment", 
      "biota", 
      "ecosystems", 
      "atmosphere", 
      "summary", 
      "study", 
      "column", 
      "investigation", 
      "survey", 
      "interaction", 
      "penetration", 
      "impact", 
      "changes", 
      "conclusion", 
      "radiation", 
      "differences", 
      "example", 
      "compartments", 
      "growth", 
      "paper", 
      "method", 
      "examination", 
      "species differences", 
      "Wiegert\u2019s equations", 
      "Atlantic Bloom Experiment", 
      "Bloom Experiment", 
      "Plankton Recorder Survey", 
      "Recorder Survey"
    ], 
    "name": "Modelling Climatic Interactions of the Marine Biota", 
    "pagination": "373-413", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006609551"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006609551"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T19:06", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_114.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

148 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      109 URIs      102 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0405
3 schema:author Nb08946028d3a4ec986b933993700e1f7
4 schema:datePublished 1993
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1993-01-01
6 schema:description The marine ecosystem is strongly driven by physical processes. In turn it influences the physical environment by hindering the penetration of radiation down the water column, and altering the chemical balances within the ocean and atmosphere; examples of these processes are described. This paper discusses the problem of incorporating these couplings in ocean models. Different methods of representing physical structure and physical forcing are reviewed and the difficulties of deciding on ecosystem compartments discussed. Although there are no universal equations governing population growth, Wiegert’s equations provide a convenient summary of most of the processes that have to be considered in formulating any model. The terms making up the equations are described, e.g. how limiting resources are treated, and the problems of estimating parameter values are discussed. Finally, a modelling investigation of data from the JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment in 1989 is presented as an illustrative case study. It shows how, in spite of the uncertainties associated with defining an appropriate model structure and assigning parameter values, an ecosystem model can reproduce and explain many of the features that are observed. There are also cautionary conclusions that arise from the study. The model illustrates how the impact of a climatic perturbation may be inaccurately predicted by a simpler model. Further, examination of observations from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey suggests that this model, which was developed for the NE Atlantic, may not be applied even to the NW Atlantic without some changes to take account of species differences.
7 schema:editor N025ead53f8994e409e99a4e21b8946df
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf Na0d7bb001ec445fe8314a57e82a5608f
12 schema:keywords Atlantic
13 Atlantic Bloom Experiment
14 Bloom Experiment
15 Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey
16 Examination of observations
17 JGOFS North Atlantic Bloom Experiment
18 NE Atlantic
19 NW Atlantic
20 North Atlantic Bloom Experiment
21 Ocean
22 Plankton Recorder Survey
23 Recorder Survey
24 Wiegert’s equations
25 account
26 appropriate model structure
27 atmosphere
28 balance
29 biota
30 case study
31 cautionary conclusions
32 changes
33 chemical balance
34 climatic interactions
35 climatic perturbations
36 column
37 compartments
38 conclusion
39 convenient summary
40 coupling
41 data
42 differences
43 different methods
44 difficulties
45 ecosystem compartments
46 ecosystem model
47 ecosystems
48 environment
49 equations
50 examination
51 example
52 experiments
53 features
54 forcing
55 growth
56 illustrative case study
57 impact
58 interaction
59 investigation
60 investigation of data
61 marine biota
62 marine ecosystems
63 method
64 model
65 model structure
66 observations
67 ocean model
68 paper
69 parameter values
70 penetration
71 penetration of radiation
72 perturbations
73 physical environment
74 physical forcing
75 physical processes
76 physical structure
77 population growth
78 problem
79 process
80 radiation
81 resources
82 simple model
83 species differences
84 spite
85 structure
86 study
87 summary
88 survey
89 terms
90 turn
91 uncertainty
92 universal equation
93 values
94 water column
95 schema:name Modelling Climatic Interactions of the Marine Biota
96 schema:pagination 373-413
97 schema:productId Nccb7e81a85784dc599d010f2528780a1
98 Nd8c399a338504d0e830b622fe4246d25
99 schema:publisher N8259992ee1754d3fbd6ee7cbba92c3dc
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006609551
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11
102 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T19:06
103 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
104 schema:sdPublisher Nd8ef2b34c75a4371805ae16fe6ced89c
105 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11
106 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
107 sgo:sdDataset chapters
108 rdf:type schema:Chapter
109 N025ead53f8994e409e99a4e21b8946df rdf:first N3d3c4920cd8a4947b154ffef0b41bc03
110 rdf:rest Na2efba2387464b5eafd9799dbcaad4d1
111 N3d3c4920cd8a4947b154ffef0b41bc03 schema:familyName Willebrand
112 schema:givenName Jürgen
113 rdf:type schema:Person
114 N8259992ee1754d3fbd6ee7cbba92c3dc schema:name Springer Nature
115 rdf:type schema:Organisation
116 Na0d7bb001ec445fe8314a57e82a5608f schema:isbn 978-3-642-84975-6
117 978-3-642-84977-0
118 schema:name Modelling Oceanic Climate Interactions
119 rdf:type schema:Book
120 Na2efba2387464b5eafd9799dbcaad4d1 rdf:first Nf33851556d944008b385697fffc8fb8a
121 rdf:rest rdf:nil
122 Nb08946028d3a4ec986b933993700e1f7 rdf:first sg:person.015232316321.43
123 rdf:rest rdf:nil
124 Nccb7e81a85784dc599d010f2528780a1 schema:name dimensions_id
125 schema:value pub.1006609551
126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
127 Nd8c399a338504d0e830b622fe4246d25 schema:name doi
128 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-84975-6_11
129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
130 Nd8ef2b34c75a4371805ae16fe6ced89c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
131 rdf:type schema:Organization
132 Nf33851556d944008b385697fffc8fb8a schema:familyName Anderson
133 schema:givenName David L. T.
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
136 schema:name Earth Sciences
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 anzsrc-for:0405 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
139 schema:name Oceanography
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 sg:person.015232316321.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.22319.3b
142 schema:familyName Taylor
143 schema:givenName A. H.
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015232316321.43
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 grid-institutes:grid.22319.3b schema:alternateName Plymouth Marine Laboratory, PL1 3DH, Plymouth, UK
147 schema:name Plymouth Marine Laboratory, PL1 3DH, Plymouth, UK
148 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...