Biotechnology for the Improvement of Cotton View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1998

AUTHORS

Y. P. S. Bajaj

ABSTRACT

Cotton belongs to the genus Gossypium (family Malvaceae). It is a multipurpose crop and produces lint (fiber), oil, seed meal, and hulls. Lint is the most important source of fiber currently being used in the textile industry. The oil content of different cultivated species varies from 16–25% of dry seed weight (Lawhon et al. 1977). Glandless cotton seed have been used for human consumption, e.g., a popped seed snack called TAMU nuts, a flour used for commercial production of a high-protein bread, and as a meat extender (Price and Smith 1984). Seed meal contains a high percentage (16–22%) of protein and is rich in essential amino acids like lycine, methionine, tryptophane, and other amino acids (El-Nockrashy et al. 1969; Beradi and Cherry 1980) and is primarily used as a fertilizer and cattle feed. Seed hulls are used for cattle feed and as a soil covering called mulch. Linters, which are short fibers hanging to the seed after ginning, are removed at the oil mill to become a valuable source of cellulose, for plastics, synthetic fibers, etc. More... »

PAGES

3-36

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-80373-4_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-80373-4_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039494190


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