A Self-Organized Critical Model for Evolution View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

1995

AUTHORS

H. Flyvbjerg , P. Bak , M. H. Jensen , K. Sneppen

ABSTRACT

A simple mathematical model of biological macroevolution is presented. It describes an ecology of adapting, interacting species. Species evolve to maximize their individual fitness in their environment. The environment of any given species is affected by other evolving species; hence it is not constant in time. The ecology evolves to a “self-organized critical” state where periods of stasis alternate with avalanches of causally connected evolutionary changes. This characteristic intermittent behaviour of natural history, known as “punctuated equilibrium,” thus finds a theoretical explanation as a self-organized critical phenomenon. In particular, large bursts of apparently simultaneous evolutionary activity require no external cause. They occur as the less frequent result of the very same dynamics that governs the more frequent small-scale evolutionary activity. Our results are compared with data from the fossil record collected by J. Sepkoski, Jr., and others. More... »

PAGES

269-288

Book

TITLE

Modelling the Dynamics of Biological Systems

ISBN

978-3-642-79292-2
978-3-642-79290-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039708144


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0603", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Evolutionary Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "familyName": "Flyvbjerg", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0700106361.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700106361.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Bak", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010472724377.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010472724377.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Jensen", 
        "givenName": "M. H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01152213267.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01152213267.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Sneppen", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0755572020.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0755572020.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1995", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1995-01-01", 
    "description": "A simple mathematical model of biological macroevolution is presented. It describes an ecology of adapting, interacting species. Species evolve to maximize their individual fitness in their environment. The environment of any given species is affected by other evolving species; hence it is not constant in time. The ecology evolves to a \u201cself-organized critical\u201d state where periods of stasis alternate with avalanches of causally connected evolutionary changes. This characteristic intermittent behaviour of natural history, known as \u201cpunctuated equilibrium,\u201d thus finds a theoretical explanation as a self-organized critical phenomenon. In particular, large bursts of apparently simultaneous evolutionary activity require no external cause. They occur as the less frequent result of the very same dynamics that governs the more frequent small-scale evolutionary activity. Our results are compared with data from the fossil record collected by J. Sepkoski, Jr., and others.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Mosekilde", 
        "givenName": "Erik", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Mouritsen", 
        "givenName": "Ole G.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-79292-2", 
        "978-3-642-79290-8"
      ], 
      "name": "Modelling the Dynamics of Biological Systems", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "evolutionary activity", 
      "biological macroevolution", 
      "evolutionary change", 
      "periods of stasis", 
      "individual fitness", 
      "fossil record", 
      "species", 
      "ecology", 
      "macroevolution", 
      "fitness", 
      "Sepkoski", 
      "activity", 
      "simple mathematical model", 
      "evolution", 
      "self-organized critical phenomenon", 
      "environment", 
      "frequent result", 
      "stasis", 
      "dynamics", 
      "large bursts", 
      "changes", 
      "results", 
      "same dynamics", 
      "critical model", 
      "natural history", 
      "bursts", 
      "explanation", 
      "data", 
      "model", 
      "self-organized critical models", 
      "records", 
      "history", 
      "cause", 
      "phenomenon", 
      "equilibrium", 
      "period", 
      "state", 
      "time", 
      "mathematical model", 
      "behavior", 
      "avalanches", 
      "theoretical explanation", 
      "critical phenomena", 
      "external causes", 
      "intermittent behavior", 
      "Jr.", 
      "characteristic intermittent behaviour", 
      "simultaneous evolutionary activity", 
      "frequent small-scale evolutionary activity", 
      "small-scale evolutionary activity"
    ], 
    "name": "A Self-Organized Critical Model for Evolution", 
    "pagination": "269-288", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1039708144"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039708144"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:57", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_151.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

133 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      77 URIs      69 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0602
3 anzsrc-for:0603
4 schema:author N466d858431d64bcfa56441dd152df639
5 schema:datePublished 1995
6 schema:datePublishedReg 1995-01-01
7 schema:description A simple mathematical model of biological macroevolution is presented. It describes an ecology of adapting, interacting species. Species evolve to maximize their individual fitness in their environment. The environment of any given species is affected by other evolving species; hence it is not constant in time. The ecology evolves to a “self-organized critical” state where periods of stasis alternate with avalanches of causally connected evolutionary changes. This characteristic intermittent behaviour of natural history, known as “punctuated equilibrium,” thus finds a theoretical explanation as a self-organized critical phenomenon. In particular, large bursts of apparently simultaneous evolutionary activity require no external cause. They occur as the less frequent result of the very same dynamics that governs the more frequent small-scale evolutionary activity. Our results are compared with data from the fossil record collected by J. Sepkoski, Jr., and others.
8 schema:editor N3953b02ad2a34db9a6215009a754ab9b
9 schema:genre chapter
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
12 schema:isPartOf N31f3b42530f34225b6fb6f61ce14a907
13 schema:keywords Jr.
14 Sepkoski
15 activity
16 avalanches
17 behavior
18 biological macroevolution
19 bursts
20 cause
21 changes
22 characteristic intermittent behaviour
23 critical model
24 critical phenomena
25 data
26 dynamics
27 ecology
28 environment
29 equilibrium
30 evolution
31 evolutionary activity
32 evolutionary change
33 explanation
34 external causes
35 fitness
36 fossil record
37 frequent result
38 frequent small-scale evolutionary activity
39 history
40 individual fitness
41 intermittent behavior
42 large bursts
43 macroevolution
44 mathematical model
45 model
46 natural history
47 period
48 periods of stasis
49 phenomenon
50 records
51 results
52 same dynamics
53 self-organized critical models
54 self-organized critical phenomenon
55 simple mathematical model
56 simultaneous evolutionary activity
57 small-scale evolutionary activity
58 species
59 stasis
60 state
61 theoretical explanation
62 time
63 schema:name A Self-Organized Critical Model for Evolution
64 schema:pagination 269-288
65 schema:productId Nb8fd91291ac342c491d43c46c6664dfc
66 Ndff9bbdea20e48bfad00041792ec58ea
67 schema:publisher N510508dbd63f402eb154b008f0a1dc66
68 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039708144
69 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14
70 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:57
71 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
72 schema:sdPublisher Nf9b7aded7fc24859a5fca20bdc7a6e0e
73 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14
74 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
75 sgo:sdDataset chapters
76 rdf:type schema:Chapter
77 N30fb338f6aa24009a3497c093ec8debc rdf:first sg:person.0755572020.37
78 rdf:rest rdf:nil
79 N31f3b42530f34225b6fb6f61ce14a907 schema:isbn 978-3-642-79290-8
80 978-3-642-79292-2
81 schema:name Modelling the Dynamics of Biological Systems
82 rdf:type schema:Book
83 N3953b02ad2a34db9a6215009a754ab9b rdf:first N5e37c6291b694a5d895004cfac7665e1
84 rdf:rest Nbce2c89ea130478481308fe63c9c5da2
85 N466d858431d64bcfa56441dd152df639 rdf:first sg:person.0700106361.46
86 rdf:rest N7060cc865440455ab464c17be675cff1
87 N510508dbd63f402eb154b008f0a1dc66 schema:name Springer Nature
88 rdf:type schema:Organisation
89 N5e37c6291b694a5d895004cfac7665e1 schema:familyName Mosekilde
90 schema:givenName Erik
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 N7060cc865440455ab464c17be675cff1 rdf:first sg:person.010472724377.34
93 rdf:rest N84e6c9add04a4c1c888543ea3209f4dd
94 N84e6c9add04a4c1c888543ea3209f4dd rdf:first sg:person.01152213267.83
95 rdf:rest N30fb338f6aa24009a3497c093ec8debc
96 Na0fba6830d7946389d19a78c4bba249d schema:familyName Mouritsen
97 schema:givenName Ole G.
98 rdf:type schema:Person
99 Nb8fd91291ac342c491d43c46c6664dfc schema:name doi
100 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-79290-8_14
101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
102 Nbce2c89ea130478481308fe63c9c5da2 rdf:first Na0fba6830d7946389d19a78c4bba249d
103 rdf:rest rdf:nil
104 Ndff9bbdea20e48bfad00041792ec58ea schema:name dimensions_id
105 schema:value pub.1039708144
106 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
107 Nf9b7aded7fc24859a5fca20bdc7a6e0e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
108 rdf:type schema:Organization
109 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
110 schema:name Biological Sciences
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
113 schema:name Ecology
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 anzsrc-for:0603 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
116 schema:name Evolutionary Biology
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 sg:person.010472724377.34 schema:familyName Bak
119 schema:givenName P.
120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010472724377.34
121 rdf:type schema:Person
122 sg:person.01152213267.83 schema:familyName Jensen
123 schema:givenName M. H.
124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01152213267.83
125 rdf:type schema:Person
126 sg:person.0700106361.46 schema:familyName Flyvbjerg
127 schema:givenName H.
128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700106361.46
129 rdf:type schema:Person
130 sg:person.0755572020.37 schema:familyName Sneppen
131 schema:givenName K.
132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0755572020.37
133 rdf:type schema:Person
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...