Light-driven sulfate reduction and methane emission in hypersaline cyanobacterial mats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

Yehuda Cohen , Yael Helman , Pavel Sigalevich

ABSTRACT

Sulfate-reducing bacteria and moreover methanogenic bacteria have long been considered to be strictly anaerobic organisms (Morris 1979; Skyring 1987; Widdel 1988). No light harvesting system has ever been described for these bacteria, on the contrary, several methanogens were found to be inhibited by exposure to light. It is therefore surprising to find accumulating data indicating that elevated levels of sulfate reduction and methane emission are found to be associated with photosynthetically active cyanobacterial mats when exposed to high intensity of solar irradiation in close proximity to supersaturation concentrations of oxygen (Cohen 1984; Giani et al. 1984; Canfield and Des Marais 1991; Fründ and Cohen 1992). Oxygen, which was found to be toxic at much lower concentrations to many isolates of both sulfate reducing and methanogenic bacteria does not seem to inhibit both processes (Hastings and Emerson 1988). Moreover, there are some indications that these processes are enhanced in cyanobacterial mats during noontime when supersaturation of oxygen is present in the photic zone (Fründ and Cohen 1992). More... »

PAGES

421-427

Book

TITLE

Microbial Mats

ISBN

978-3-642-78993-9
978-3-642-78991-5

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-78991-5_43

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-78991-5_43

DIMENSIONS

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