Adaptation Effects and the Stability of Physiological Responses to Repeated Testing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1985

AUTHORS

Michael Myrtek

ABSTRACT

Adaptation effects and stability coefficients of responses during repeated psychophysiological testing were investigated in a sample of 48 male students. In the repeated examinations at one week intervals, the following stress tests were used: Reaction Time Test with contingent performance feedback, Cold Pressor Test, and a Number Sequence Test with monetary incentives. Heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, ventricular ejection time, pulse wave velocity, blood pressure, respiration rate, tidal volume, respiratory minute volume, oxygen (O2) uptake, O2 equivalent and respiratory quotient were treasured. Reactivity of subjects was measured using a number of different change scores: arithmetical differences between stress test and resting levels, distances from the first principal axis (AHA), and autonomic lability scores (ALS). Significant adaptation effects were found in a number of analyses, depending on the physiological parameter studied and to a lesser extent on the nature of the stress test evaluated. Change scores showed only modest adaptation effects, varying with the different stress tests. The magnitude of stability coefficients again depended on the physiological parameter in question. Change scores showed some remarkably high coefficients. No substantial differences were evident in the magnitude of stability coefficients emerging with the different change scores analysed. In a second study with 54 male cardiac patients, correlations between single stress tests and habitual responses (defined as mean scores over 17 repeated test sessions) were investigated. The results of this study show that values derived from the second measurement session are more reliable predictors of habitual responses than those produced in the first session. A second examination is therefore recommended, since this may overcome adaptation effects and ennance diagnostic validity. More... »

PAGES

93-106

Book

TITLE

Clinical and Methodological Issues in Cardiovascular Psychophysiology

ISBN

978-3-642-70657-8
978-3-642-70655-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-70655-4_9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70655-4_9

DIMENSIONS

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