Archaebacteria and the Origin of the Eukaryotic Cytoplasm View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1985

AUTHORS

W. Zillig , R. Schnabel , K. O. Stetter

ABSTRACT

The recognition of a third urkingdom of life, the archaebacteria (Woese and Fox 1977; Woese et al. 1978), resulting in the division of the prokaryotic domain (Fox et al. 1980), arose from the perception of the large phylogenetic distance between methanogens and Escherichia coli, which placed these “these bacteria” as far each other as is, for example, the bacterium E. coli from eukaryote yeast. Using the unique nature of archaebacterial lipids (Kates 1972; Langworthy et al. 1974; De Rose et al. 1977; Langworthy 1977; Kates 1978; Tornabene 1979) as a guideline, but comparative cataloging of 16 rRNA (Fox et al. 1977) as the measure, it has been possible to expand the archaebacterial urkingdom to three orders of methanogens (Balch et al. 1979), including the related extreme halophiles, the isolated genus Themoplasma (Darland et al. 1970), and Sulfolobus (Brock et al. 1972), the last two of which are often set apart from the larger part of the kingdom as the “Thermoacidophiles.” On the basis of the SAB (identity coefficient SAB=2NAB/(NA+NB) where NA, NB and NAB are total number of sequences and the identical sequences in two sequence catalogs to be compared) value of 0.17, they appear to be as isolated from each other as from the rest of the kingdom, however. More... »

PAGES

1-18

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-70227-3_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70227-3_1

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3922682


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