Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1996

AUTHORS

R. D. Cess , M. H. Zhang , P. Minnis , L. Corsetti , E. G. Dutton , B. W. Forgan , D. P. Garber , W. L. Gates , J. J. Hack , E. F. Harrison , X. Jing , J. T. Kiehl , C. N. Long , J.-J. Morcrette , G. L. Potter , V. Ramanathan , B. Subasilar , C. H. Whitlock , D. F. Young , Y. Zhou

ABSTRACT

A companion study (Ramanathan et al, 1995) has highlighted a potential shortcoming in our knowledge of cloud-climate interactions; solar (shortwave) absorption by the cloudy atmosphere is greater than theoretical models predict. This result was based on an analysis of the energy budget of the western Pacific warm pool. Shortwave (SW) cloud forcing (CS) refers to the difference between cloudy-sky (all-sky) and clear-sky net downward (downward minus upward) SW radiation, either at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) or at the surface. Closure of the energy budget required that Cs at the surface be 1.5 times greater than at the TOA. Theoretical cloud radiative transfer models typically produce a ratio hear unity (1), and for the warm pool this amounts to an underestimate in atmospheric SW absorption by more than 30 W m-2, a substantial discrepancy. This result implies that clouds absorbed more SW radiation than expected. There has been a long history of unexplained anomalous cloud absorption of uncertain magnitude (Stephens and Tsay, 1990). More... »

PAGES

33-41

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-07. Baseline atmospheric condensation nuclei at Cape Grim 1977–1987 in JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009965928


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0299", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Other Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stony Brook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, 11794, Stony Brook, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cess", 
            "givenName": "R. D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0715635171.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0715635171.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stony Brook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, 11794, Stony Brook, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "M. H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07352236363.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07352236363.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Minnis", 
            "givenName": "P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013522432571.37", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013522432571.37"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Corsetti", 
            "givenName": "L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012440217743.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012440217743.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory, Environmental Research Laboratories/NOAA, 80303, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Dutton", 
            "givenName": "E. G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07637706425.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07637706425.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Bureau of Meteorology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1", 
              "name": [
                "Bureau of Meteorology, G. P. O. Box 1298K, 3001, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Forgan", 
            "givenName": "B. W.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01227157300.27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01227157300.27"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Lockheed Engineering and Science Company, 23666, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Garber", 
            "givenName": "D. P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01305703124.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305703124.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gates", 
            "givenName": "W. L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01255240440.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01255240440.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research, 80307, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hack", 
            "givenName": "J. J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010421141215.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010421141215.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Harrison", 
            "givenName": "E. F.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01304503256.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01304503256.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stony Brook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, 11794, Stony Brook, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jing", 
            "givenName": "X.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0744640624.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0744640624.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research, 80307, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kiehl", 
            "givenName": "J. T.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01175353211.27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01175353211.27"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pennsylvania State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 16802, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Long", 
            "givenName": "C. N.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01112730700.52", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01112730700.52"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38", 
              "name": [
                "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Berkshire RG29AX, Reading, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Morcrette", 
            "givenName": "J.-J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011404346561.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011404346561.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Potter", 
            "givenName": "G. L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0664044436.94", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664044436.94"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California, San Diego", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3", 
              "name": [
                "Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, 92126, La Jolla, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ramanathan", 
            "givenName": "V.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01166116134.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166116134.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California, San Diego", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3", 
              "name": [
                "Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, 92126, La Jolla, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Subasilar", 
            "givenName": "B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01311544224.53", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311544224.53"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Langley Research Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2", 
              "name": [
                "Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Whitlock", 
            "givenName": "C. H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012124367406.37", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012124367406.37"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Lockheed Engineering and Science Company, 23666, Hampton, VA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Young", 
            "givenName": "D. F.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011333111533.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011333111533.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stony Brook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, 11794, Stony Brook, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhou", 
            "givenName": "Y.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0702366524.14", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0702366524.14"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00053669", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011809919", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00053669"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00053669", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011809919", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00053669"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1992)031<0317:scpdfs>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024136280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0579:iocots>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030691966"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<1305:ioccpu>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033634430"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0308:tiocot>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040254158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711649308", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045481538"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0072:isfats>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046417753"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id11p18687", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052598326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1996", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1996-01-01", 
        "description": "A companion study (Ramanathan et al, 1995) has highlighted a potential shortcoming in our knowledge of cloud-climate interactions; solar (shortwave) absorption by the cloudy atmosphere is greater than theoretical models predict. This result was based on an analysis of the energy budget of the western Pacific warm pool. Shortwave (SW) cloud forcing (CS) refers to the difference between cloudy-sky (all-sky) and clear-sky net downward (downward minus upward) SW radiation, either at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) or at the surface. Closure of the energy budget required that Cs at the surface be 1.5 times greater than at the TOA. Theoretical cloud radiative transfer models typically produce a ratio hear unity (1), and for the warm pool this amounts to an underestimate in atmospheric SW absorption by more than 30 W m-2, a substantial discrepancy. This result implies that clouds absorbed more SW radiation than expected. There has been a long history of unexplained anomalous cloud absorption of uncertain magnitude (Stephens and Tsay, 1990).", 
        "editor": [
          {
            "familyName": "Treut", 
            "givenName": "Herv\u00e9 Le", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "genre": "chapter", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": {
          "isbn": [
            "978-3-642-64673-7", 
            "978-3-642-61053-0"
          ], 
          "name": "Climate Sensitivity to Radiative Perturbations", 
          "type": "Book"
        }, 
        "name": "Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models", 
        "pagination": "33-41", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1009965928"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "2f7a2dd32efc3911e8bec01e56ee07fd71784522981e4ebb135b4bb88a694c09"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "publisher": {
          "location": "Berlin, Heidelberg", 
          "name": "Springer Berlin Heidelberg", 
          "type": "Organisation"
        }, 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009965928"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "chapters", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-16T09:14", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000371_0000000371/records_130808_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "Chapter", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-3-642-61053-0_3"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    247 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      35 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
    2 anzsrc-for:0299
    3 schema:author N1b9fa93aaed7407099a2cf17e492934d
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00053669
    5 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711649308
    6 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id11p18687
    7 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0308:tiocot>2.0.co;2
    8 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0072:isfats>2.0.co;2
    9 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0579:iocots>2.0.co;2
    10 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1992)031<0317:scpdfs>2.0.co;2
    11 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<1305:ioccpu>2.0.co;2
    12 schema:datePublished 1996
    13 schema:datePublishedReg 1996-01-01
    14 schema:description A companion study (Ramanathan et al, 1995) has highlighted a potential shortcoming in our knowledge of cloud-climate interactions; solar (shortwave) absorption by the cloudy atmosphere is greater than theoretical models predict. This result was based on an analysis of the energy budget of the western Pacific warm pool. Shortwave (SW) cloud forcing (CS) refers to the difference between cloudy-sky (all-sky) and clear-sky net downward (downward minus upward) SW radiation, either at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) or at the surface. Closure of the energy budget required that Cs at the surface be 1.5 times greater than at the TOA. Theoretical cloud radiative transfer models typically produce a ratio hear unity (1), and for the warm pool this amounts to an underestimate in atmospheric SW absorption by more than 30 W m-2, a substantial discrepancy. This result implies that clouds absorbed more SW radiation than expected. There has been a long history of unexplained anomalous cloud absorption of uncertain magnitude (Stephens and Tsay, 1990).
    15 schema:editor N3f3400bf93a84dc7895573292328bee5
    16 schema:genre chapter
    17 schema:inLanguage en
    18 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    19 schema:isPartOf Nec87982506a34d008121576be969ca08
    20 schema:name Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models
    21 schema:pagination 33-41
    22 schema:productId N2e129522162842038483725018ecd693
    23 N4f0ffa0bd96640a6a6b78dd0796d90fa
    24 N6152dad1d6d447b5ba9a47a600148417
    25 schema:publisher N8a2f32e4425340e58ba6e083a5a6cecf
    26 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009965928
    27 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3
    28 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-16T09:14
    29 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    30 schema:sdPublisher N541d4debc0ef41c59e4627dd8b895d1b
    31 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-3-642-61053-0_3
    32 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    33 sgo:sdDataset chapters
    34 rdf:type schema:Chapter
    35 N04e0fd4c58a94fd39ce7d4481b6fbd83 rdf:first sg:person.01255240440.07
    36 rdf:rest N8f70bd3f71eb4203bcf90263e238eea7
    37 N05dea256a73143b280244d0aff86d9a3 schema:name Lockheed Engineering and Science Company, 23666, Hampton, VA, USA
    38 rdf:type schema:Organization
    39 N082837006521491e8a3329d528522826 schema:name Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory, Environmental Research Laboratories/NOAA, 80303, Boulder, CO, USA
    40 rdf:type schema:Organization
    41 N0e4da72e8ffb49a094ce3e92adab0e99 rdf:first sg:person.012440217743.80
    42 rdf:rest N7913e229af5749eb983b5a38bccbefc2
    43 N1448b35280a645c0b8505ecf37ccd0c7 rdf:first sg:person.01166116134.38
    44 rdf:rest N4e6ac37cefad459c9adb6ee2ae904f5f
    45 N1b9fa93aaed7407099a2cf17e492934d rdf:first sg:person.0715635171.06
    46 rdf:rest N2ba6cfcea21e4782b22d3f86634803cf
    47 N2ba6cfcea21e4782b22d3f86634803cf rdf:first sg:person.07352236363.39
    48 rdf:rest N75cbbb4ad07844c2b3e087793658104f
    49 N2c09ef3ef44d414c91b610c8f41a70e6 rdf:first sg:person.01227157300.27
    50 rdf:rest N3ed478f89bd441bebd617f0e471d228e
    51 N2e129522162842038483725018ecd693 schema:name readcube_id
    52 schema:value 2f7a2dd32efc3911e8bec01e56ee07fd71784522981e4ebb135b4bb88a694c09
    53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    54 N3ed478f89bd441bebd617f0e471d228e rdf:first sg:person.01305703124.50
    55 rdf:rest N04e0fd4c58a94fd39ce7d4481b6fbd83
    56 N3f3400bf93a84dc7895573292328bee5 rdf:first Na41dbe632a874a639b7b8692193a01c8
    57 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    58 N4e6ac37cefad459c9adb6ee2ae904f5f rdf:first sg:person.01311544224.53
    59 rdf:rest Na2c25d1786a64d52a4d98a32fff07654
    60 N4f0ffa0bd96640a6a6b78dd0796d90fa schema:name dimensions_id
    61 schema:value pub.1009965928
    62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    63 N541d4debc0ef41c59e4627dd8b895d1b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    64 rdf:type schema:Organization
    65 N59377a263524420f9a60c94a894b8bbe rdf:first sg:person.011333111533.51
    66 rdf:rest Nc44f27f6f89b4cf0b1f308f3f8887fbc
    67 N6152dad1d6d447b5ba9a47a600148417 schema:name doi
    68 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-61053-0_3
    69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    70 N6788e68cc6d447f7a324a92ba444e1cd rdf:first sg:person.01175353211.27
    71 rdf:rest N72ec7262e9bc4a00b347becf2e415859
    72 N72ec7262e9bc4a00b347becf2e415859 rdf:first sg:person.01112730700.52
    73 rdf:rest N809b23b69586481194a39182cc271742
    74 N747c3c31bc5c40f593d1663504c1b148 rdf:first sg:person.0744640624.17
    75 rdf:rest N6788e68cc6d447f7a324a92ba444e1cd
    76 N75cbbb4ad07844c2b3e087793658104f rdf:first sg:person.013522432571.37
    77 rdf:rest N0e4da72e8ffb49a094ce3e92adab0e99
    78 N7913e229af5749eb983b5a38bccbefc2 rdf:first sg:person.07637706425.77
    79 rdf:rest N2c09ef3ef44d414c91b610c8f41a70e6
    80 N809b23b69586481194a39182cc271742 rdf:first sg:person.011404346561.01
    81 rdf:rest Nde417b5546064f2c8b15451a98901388
    82 N8a2f32e4425340e58ba6e083a5a6cecf schema:location Berlin, Heidelberg
    83 schema:name Springer Berlin Heidelberg
    84 rdf:type schema:Organisation
    85 N8f70bd3f71eb4203bcf90263e238eea7 rdf:first sg:person.010421141215.77
    86 rdf:rest Naa70d81ca33540b182e79d1ae1e020ee
    87 Na2c25d1786a64d52a4d98a32fff07654 rdf:first sg:person.012124367406.37
    88 rdf:rest N59377a263524420f9a60c94a894b8bbe
    89 Na41dbe632a874a639b7b8692193a01c8 schema:familyName Treut
    90 schema:givenName Hervé Le
    91 rdf:type schema:Person
    92 Naa70d81ca33540b182e79d1ae1e020ee rdf:first sg:person.01304503256.07
    93 rdf:rest N747c3c31bc5c40f593d1663504c1b148
    94 Nc44f27f6f89b4cf0b1f308f3f8887fbc rdf:first sg:person.0702366524.14
    95 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    96 Nde417b5546064f2c8b15451a98901388 rdf:first sg:person.0664044436.94
    97 rdf:rest N1448b35280a645c0b8505ecf37ccd0c7
    98 Nec87982506a34d008121576be969ca08 schema:isbn 978-3-642-61053-0
    99 978-3-642-64673-7
    100 schema:name Climate Sensitivity to Radiative Perturbations
    101 rdf:type schema:Book
    102 Nf32735f02d02465fa622bb54e47ed67e schema:name Lockheed Engineering and Science Company, 23666, Hampton, VA, USA
    103 rdf:type schema:Organization
    104 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    105 schema:name Physical Sciences
    106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    107 anzsrc-for:0299 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    108 schema:name Other Physical Sciences
    109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    110 sg:person.010421141215.77 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    111 schema:familyName Hack
    112 schema:givenName J. J.
    113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010421141215.77
    114 rdf:type schema:Person
    115 sg:person.01112730700.52 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31
    116 schema:familyName Long
    117 schema:givenName C. N.
    118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01112730700.52
    119 rdf:type schema:Person
    120 sg:person.011333111533.51 schema:affiliation N05dea256a73143b280244d0aff86d9a3
    121 schema:familyName Young
    122 schema:givenName D. F.
    123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011333111533.51
    124 rdf:type schema:Person
    125 sg:person.011404346561.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38
    126 schema:familyName Morcrette
    127 schema:givenName J.-J.
    128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011404346561.01
    129 rdf:type schema:Person
    130 sg:person.01166116134.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3
    131 schema:familyName Ramanathan
    132 schema:givenName V.
    133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166116134.38
    134 rdf:type schema:Person
    135 sg:person.01175353211.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    136 schema:familyName Kiehl
    137 schema:givenName J. T.
    138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01175353211.27
    139 rdf:type schema:Person
    140 sg:person.012124367406.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    141 schema:familyName Whitlock
    142 schema:givenName C. H.
    143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012124367406.37
    144 rdf:type schema:Person
    145 sg:person.01227157300.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1
    146 schema:familyName Forgan
    147 schema:givenName B. W.
    148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01227157300.27
    149 rdf:type schema:Person
    150 sg:person.012440217743.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    151 schema:familyName Corsetti
    152 schema:givenName L.
    153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012440217743.80
    154 rdf:type schema:Person
    155 sg:person.01255240440.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    156 schema:familyName Gates
    157 schema:givenName W. L.
    158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01255240440.07
    159 rdf:type schema:Person
    160 sg:person.01304503256.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    161 schema:familyName Harrison
    162 schema:givenName E. F.
    163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01304503256.07
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 sg:person.01305703124.50 schema:affiliation Nf32735f02d02465fa622bb54e47ed67e
    166 schema:familyName Garber
    167 schema:givenName D. P.
    168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305703124.50
    169 rdf:type schema:Person
    170 sg:person.01311544224.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3
    171 schema:familyName Subasilar
    172 schema:givenName B.
    173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311544224.53
    174 rdf:type schema:Person
    175 sg:person.013522432571.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    176 schema:familyName Minnis
    177 schema:givenName P.
    178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013522432571.37
    179 rdf:type schema:Person
    180 sg:person.0664044436.94 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2
    181 schema:familyName Potter
    182 schema:givenName G. L.
    183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664044436.94
    184 rdf:type schema:Person
    185 sg:person.0702366524.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36
    186 schema:familyName Zhou
    187 schema:givenName Y.
    188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0702366524.14
    189 rdf:type schema:Person
    190 sg:person.0715635171.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36
    191 schema:familyName Cess
    192 schema:givenName R. D.
    193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0715635171.06
    194 rdf:type schema:Person
    195 sg:person.07352236363.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36
    196 schema:familyName Zhang
    197 schema:givenName M. H.
    198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07352236363.39
    199 rdf:type schema:Person
    200 sg:person.0744640624.17 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36
    201 schema:familyName Jing
    202 schema:givenName X.
    203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0744640624.17
    204 rdf:type schema:Person
    205 sg:person.07637706425.77 schema:affiliation N082837006521491e8a3329d528522826
    206 schema:familyName Dutton
    207 schema:givenName E. G.
    208 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07637706425.77
    209 rdf:type schema:Person
    210 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00053669 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011809919
    211 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00053669
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711649308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045481538
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id11p18687 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052598326
    216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    217 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0308:tiocot>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040254158
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0072:isfats>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046417753
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0579:iocots>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030691966
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1992)031<0317:scpdfs>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024136280
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<1305:ioccpu>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033634430
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1 schema:alternateName Bureau of Meteorology
    228 schema:name Bureau of Meteorology, G. P. O. Box 1298K, 3001, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    229 rdf:type schema:Organization
    230 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3 schema:alternateName University of California, San Diego
    231 schema:name Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, 92126, La Jolla, CA, USA
    232 rdf:type schema:Organization
    233 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31 schema:alternateName Pennsylvania State University
    234 schema:name Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 16802, PA, USA
    235 rdf:type schema:Organization
    236 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36425.36 schema:alternateName Stony Brook University
    237 schema:name Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, 11794, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    238 rdf:type schema:Organization
    239 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419086.2 schema:alternateName Langley Research Center
    240 schema:name Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, 23665, Hampton, VA, USA
    241 rdf:type schema:Organization
    242 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38 schema:alternateName European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
    243 schema:name European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Berkshire RG29AX, Reading, UK
    244 rdf:type schema:Organization
    245 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30 schema:alternateName National Center for Atmospheric Research
    246 schema:name National Center for Atmospheric Research, 80307, Boulder, CO, USA
    247 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...