Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1996

AUTHORS

R. D. Cess , M. H. Zhang , P. Minnis , L. Corsetti , E. G. Dutton , B. W. Forgan , D. P. Garber , W. L. Gates , J. J. Hack , E. F. Harrison , X. Jing , J. T. Kiehl , C. N. Long , J.-J. Morcrette , G. L. Potter , V. Ramanathan , B. Subasilar , C. H. Whitlock , D. F. Young , Y. Zhou

ABSTRACT

A companion study (Ramanathan et al, 1995) has highlighted a potential shortcoming in our knowledge of cloud-climate interactions; solar (shortwave) absorption by the cloudy atmosphere is greater than theoretical models predict. This result was based on an analysis of the energy budget of the western Pacific warm pool. Shortwave (SW) cloud forcing (CS) refers to the difference between cloudy-sky (all-sky) and clear-sky net downward (downward minus upward) SW radiation, either at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) or at the surface. Closure of the energy budget required that Cs at the surface be 1.5 times greater than at the TOA. Theoretical cloud radiative transfer models typically produce a ratio hear unity (1), and for the warm pool this amounts to an underestimate in atmospheric SW absorption by more than 30 W m-2, a substantial discrepancy. This result implies that clouds absorbed more SW radiation than expected. There has been a long history of unexplained anomalous cloud absorption of uncertain magnitude (Stephens and Tsay, 1990). More... »

PAGES

33-41

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-07. Baseline atmospheric condensation nuclei at Cape Grim 1977–1987 in JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
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