Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Records of Biomass Burning View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1997

AUTHORS

Richard G. Zepp , Stephen A. Macko

ABSTRACT

Lacustrine and coastal marine sediments often contain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of combustion origin. Many higher molecular weight PAH, like charcoal, are hydrophobic and resistant to biodegradation. Recent studies are presented here which indicate that the stratification of PAH in bottom sediments can provide a useful historical record of combustion activity, ranging back millions of years. The distribution of individual PAH in environmental samples often has been used to infer their source. However, this PAH “fingerprint” is affected not only by the combustion conditions and fuel, but also by transport and transformation processes that affect PAH as they runoff from land or move through the atmosphere and water to the sediments. Recent studies, though sparse, suggest that non-linear, higher-molecular-weight PAH sorbed on aerosol black carbon are most resistant to alteration during long-range environmental transport. During the past century there has been a large increase in sedimentary PAH derived from fossil fuel combustion. The latter qualitatively produces PAH distributions similar to biomass burning. The use of new techniques, such as compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA), which allow for the isotopic determinations of individual compounds, has shown great promise for apportioning PAH sources, e.g. fossil fuel or biomass burning. More... »

PAGES

145-166

Book

TITLE

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

ISBN

978-3-642-63881-7
978-3-642-59171-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-59171-6_7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-59171-6_7

DIMENSIONS

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