Genetic Transformation of Medicinal Plants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1999

AUTHORS

Y. P. S. Bajaj , K. Ishimaru

ABSTRACT

In spite of the great progress and developments in the synthesis of chemical compounds, plants still remain the main source of medicinal compounds flavors, dyes, pesticides, and other pharmaceutics. However, there are many species of medicinal plants which are rare, endangered, or threatened with extinction; their germplasm needs to be conserved, multiplied, and improved for various traits, especially for the production of secondary metabolites. Moreover, new genetic variability also needs to be generated and incorporated into the medicinal plants, and here biotechnology plays an important role (see Bajaj 1998). These studies have been conducted on numerous species of medicinal plants; however, Atropa belladonna and Nicotiana tabacum are the two model systems on which numerous basic research studies have been conducted. The regeneration of complete plants from isolated cells and tissues is of great significance in obtaining transgenic plants. The author’s work primarily deals with the regeneration of plants from isolated protoplasts (Bajaj 1972; Bajaj et al. 1978), isolated pollen (Bajaj 1978), from cryopreserved cell suspensions (Bajaj 1976), pollen embryos (Bajaj 1977), and protoplasts (Bajaj 1988). Atropa has also been subjected to a number of studies on the in-vitro production of alkaloids through cell suspensions and hairy roots (Bajaj and Simola 1991). More... »

PAGES

1-29

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-58439-8_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-58439-8_1

DIMENSIONS

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