Biotechnology in Nutritional Improvement of Maize View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

Satinder Bajaj , Neena Bhatia , Y. P. S. Bajaj

ABSTRACT

Maize supplies around one-fourth of the worid’s cereal protein (Jalil and Tahir 1970). It is used both for human consumption and as an animal feed. In Asia and Africa, almost all the maize produced is used for food, and therefore its contribution to dietary calories and proteins is substantial (Rooney and Sema-Saldivar 1987). It is also a major source of minerals and vitamins in the diets of these people. Use of carotene-rich varieties among such populations can counter vitamin A deficiency and enhance vitamin A prophylaxis programs. Even in countries such as the USA, where the main use of maize is as animal feed and only 10% is used as human food, its contribution to the dietary nutrients should not be underestimated. Popcorn, which is a popular snack food especially with American teenagers, constitutes a multimillion dollar industry in the USA, and constitutes a 16.2% share of salted snack market (Anonymous 1989). Popcorn can therefore serve as an ideal vehicle for supplementing the daily recommended allowance of the much needed dietary fiber in the diets of Americans. As the role of dietary fiber in prevention and treatment of various degenerative diseases has become well established (Burkitt 1973; Trowell 1977), sources of dietary fiber have acquired new nutritional dimensions. Thus maize acquires importance as a crop even in the developed countries. Another important use of maize in developed countries is as corn oil. It represents about 7.2% of the total oil consumption in the USA (Economic Research Service 1986). More... »

PAGES

485-512

Book

TITLE

Maize

ISBN

978-3-642-63419-2
978-3-642-57968-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-57968-4_33

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57968-4_33

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015088972


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