Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Dorit Ron , Adi Shamir

ABSTRACT

The Bitcoin scheme is a rare example of a large scale global payment system in which all the transactions are publicly accessible (but in an anonymous way). We downloaded the full history of this scheme, and analyzed many statistical properties of its associated transaction graph. In this paper we answer for the first time a variety of interesting questions about the typical behavior of users, how they acquire and how they spend their bitcoins, the balance of bitcoins they keep in their accounts, and how they move bitcoins between their various accounts in order to better protect their privacy. In addition, we isolated all the large transactions in the system, and discovered that almost all of them are closely related to a single large transaction that took place in November 2010, even though the associated users apparently tried to hide this fact with many strange looking long chains and fork-merge structures in the transaction graph. More... »

PAGES

6-24

Book

TITLE

Financial Cryptography and Data Security

ISBN

978-3-642-39883-4
978-3-642-39884-1

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002815495


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0804", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Data Format", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ron", 
        "givenName": "Dorit", 
        "id": "sg:person.011767040705.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011767040705.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shamir", 
        "givenName": "Adi", 
        "id": "sg:person.013052746407.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013052746407.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1145/2488388.2488408", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042632219"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-01-01", 
    "description": "The Bitcoin scheme is a rare example of a large scale global payment system in which all the transactions are publicly accessible (but in an anonymous way). We downloaded the full history of this scheme, and analyzed many statistical properties of its associated transaction graph. In this paper we answer for the first time a variety of interesting questions about the typical behavior of users, how they acquire and how they spend their bitcoins, the balance of bitcoins they keep in their accounts, and how they move bitcoins between their various accounts in order to better protect their privacy. In addition, we isolated all the large transactions in the system, and discovered that almost all of them are closely related to a single large transaction that took place in November 2010, even though the associated users apparently tried to hide this fact with many strange looking long chains and fork-merge structures in the transaction graph.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Sadeghi", 
        "givenName": "Ahmad-Reza", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-39883-4", 
        "978-3-642-39884-1"
      ], 
      "name": "Financial Cryptography and Data Security", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph", 
    "pagination": "6-24", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0d6854869b12d55a74c9e477dc10db24ee31503080922ff80619c8eb6d1795b3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1002815495"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Berlin, Heidelberg", 
      "name": "Springer Berlin Heidelberg", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002815495"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T11:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8660_00000004.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

75 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      28 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2 schema:about anzsrc-for:08
2 anzsrc-for:0804
3 schema:author Na7970602a65e44bfa1bcccd2d06da296
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1145/2488388.2488408
5 schema:datePublished 2013
6 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-01-01
7 schema:description The Bitcoin scheme is a rare example of a large scale global payment system in which all the transactions are publicly accessible (but in an anonymous way). We downloaded the full history of this scheme, and analyzed many statistical properties of its associated transaction graph. In this paper we answer for the first time a variety of interesting questions about the typical behavior of users, how they acquire and how they spend their bitcoins, the balance of bitcoins they keep in their accounts, and how they move bitcoins between their various accounts in order to better protect their privacy. In addition, we isolated all the large transactions in the system, and discovered that almost all of them are closely related to a single large transaction that took place in November 2010, even though the associated users apparently tried to hide this fact with many strange looking long chains and fork-merge structures in the transaction graph.
8 schema:editor N83c017e3910848da999e53418b726dd6
9 schema:genre chapter
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
12 schema:isPartOf N02135708d7ca4a01b018e0bc21d74849
13 schema:name Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph
14 schema:pagination 6-24
15 schema:productId N015e092ffea8441d8553324d3100bda7
16 Nbfac468f240d4ecdb271e1396b321141
17 Nffdf50fa68914a97802370395652eee5
18 schema:publisher Na5c71c28da6240378015f5c627066c9a
19 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002815495
20 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2
21 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T11:15
22 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
23 schema:sdPublisher N840ef0d143ef4a00a3a12d18e4b458c8
24 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2
25 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
26 sgo:sdDataset chapters
27 rdf:type schema:Chapter
28 N015e092ffea8441d8553324d3100bda7 schema:name doi
29 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-39884-1_2
30 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
31 N02135708d7ca4a01b018e0bc21d74849 schema:isbn 978-3-642-39883-4
32 978-3-642-39884-1
33 schema:name Financial Cryptography and Data Security
34 rdf:type schema:Book
35 N31bec33cf8484d3d891aad453582b5a1 rdf:first sg:person.013052746407.28
36 rdf:rest rdf:nil
37 N7ea058a59dd348f0b9a6853e064bc114 schema:familyName Sadeghi
38 schema:givenName Ahmad-Reza
39 rdf:type schema:Person
40 N83c017e3910848da999e53418b726dd6 rdf:first N7ea058a59dd348f0b9a6853e064bc114
41 rdf:rest rdf:nil
42 N840ef0d143ef4a00a3a12d18e4b458c8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
43 rdf:type schema:Organization
44 Na5c71c28da6240378015f5c627066c9a schema:location Berlin, Heidelberg
45 schema:name Springer Berlin Heidelberg
46 rdf:type schema:Organisation
47 Na7970602a65e44bfa1bcccd2d06da296 rdf:first sg:person.011767040705.52
48 rdf:rest N31bec33cf8484d3d891aad453582b5a1
49 Nbfac468f240d4ecdb271e1396b321141 schema:name readcube_id
50 schema:value 0d6854869b12d55a74c9e477dc10db24ee31503080922ff80619c8eb6d1795b3
51 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
52 Nffdf50fa68914a97802370395652eee5 schema:name dimensions_id
53 schema:value pub.1002815495
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 anzsrc-for:08 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
56 schema:name Information and Computing Sciences
57 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
58 anzsrc-for:0804 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
59 schema:name Data Format
60 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
61 sg:person.011767040705.52 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
62 schema:familyName Ron
63 schema:givenName Dorit
64 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011767040705.52
65 rdf:type schema:Person
66 sg:person.013052746407.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
67 schema:familyName Shamir
68 schema:givenName Adi
69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013052746407.28
70 rdf:type schema:Person
71 https://doi.org/10.1145/2488388.2488408 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042632219
72 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
73 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30 schema:alternateName Weizmann Institute of Science
74 schema:name Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
75 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...