Towards the Unification of the Vertical Datum Over the North American Continent View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

D. A. Smith , M. Véronneau , D. R. Roman , J. Huang , Y. M. Wang , M. G. Sideris

ABSTRACT

The United States adopted the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) for its official vertical datum in the 1990s. Canada has been using the Canadian Geodetic Vertical Datum (CGVD28) for its height applications since the 1930s. The use of the different datums causes inconsistent heights across the border between the two countries, and the topographic height data from the two countries are not compatible. Both datums rely on passive control and significant pre-modern survey data, yielding not only misalignment of the datums to the best known global geoid at approximately 1–2 m, but also local uplift and subsidence issues which may significantly exceed 1–2 m in extreme cases. Today, the GNSS provides the geometric (ellipsoidal) height to an accuracy of 1–2 cm globally. The use of current inaccurate vertical datums no longer serves the purpose it once did. Because of this, users have begun to demand a physical height system that is closely related to the Earth’s gravity field to a comparable accuracy. To address this need, government agencies of both countries are preparing the next generation of vertical datums. Even if the new datums are based on the same concepts and parameters, it is possible to have inconsistent heights along the borders due to the differences in the realization of the datums. To avoid inconsistency, it is in the interest of both countries to have a united, seamless, highly accurate vertical datum. The proposed replacements for CGVD28 and NAVD88 shall be based on GNSS positioning and a high accuracy gravimetric geoid that covers the territories of the United States, Canada, Mexico and the surrounding waters (to include all of Alaska, Hawaii, the Caribbean and Central America). To account for the effect of the sea level change, postglacial rebound, earthquakes and subsidence, this datum will also provide information on these changes. Detailed description of the definition, realization and maintenance of the datum is proposed. The challenges in realization and maintaining the datum are also discussed. More... »

PAGES

253-258

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences

ISBN

978-3-642-32997-5
978-3-642-32998-2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002734137


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0909", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Geomatic Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Geodetic Survey", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f", 
          "name": [
            "National Geodetic Survey, Silver Spring, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Smith", 
        "givenName": "D. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016654516201.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016654516201.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Natural Resources Canada", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.202033.0", 
          "name": [
            "Geodetic Survey Division, CCRS, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "V\u00e9ronneau", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012473371217.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012473371217.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Geodetic Survey", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f", 
          "name": [
            "National Geodetic Survey, Silver Spring, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Roman", 
        "givenName": "D. R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012560102507.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012560102507.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Natural Resources Canada", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.202033.0", 
          "name": [
            "Geodetic Survey Division, CCRS, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Huang", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011767643345.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011767643345.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Geodetic Survey", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f", 
          "name": [
            "National Geodetic Survey, Silver Spring, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "Y. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011537241004.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011537241004.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Calgary", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22072.35", 
          "name": [
            "University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sideris", 
        "givenName": "M. G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012144612471.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012144612471.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007730107", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007730107", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-011-0506-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018357342", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-011-0506-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001900000145", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024652202", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001900000145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2478/v10156-010-0016-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024677199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044099318", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044099318", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-22078-4_33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045420828", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22078-4_33"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-01-01", 
    "description": "The United States adopted the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) for its official vertical datum in the 1990s. Canada has been using the Canadian Geodetic Vertical Datum (CGVD28) for its height applications since the 1930s. The use of the different datums causes inconsistent heights across the border between the two countries, and the topographic height data from the two countries are not compatible. Both datums rely on passive control and significant pre-modern survey data, yielding not only misalignment of the datums to the best known global geoid at approximately 1\u20132 m, but also local uplift and subsidence issues which may significantly exceed 1\u20132 m in extreme cases. Today, the GNSS provides the geometric (ellipsoidal) height to an accuracy of 1\u20132 cm globally. The use of current inaccurate vertical datums no longer serves the purpose it once did. Because of this, users have begun to demand a physical height system that is closely related to the Earth\u2019s gravity field to a comparable accuracy. To address this need, government agencies of both countries are preparing the next generation of vertical datums. Even if the new datums are based on the same concepts and parameters, it is possible to have inconsistent heights along the borders due to the differences in the realization of the datums. To avoid inconsistency, it is in the interest of both countries to have a united, seamless, highly accurate vertical datum. The proposed replacements for CGVD28 and NAVD88 shall be based on GNSS positioning and a high accuracy gravimetric geoid that covers the territories of the United States, Canada, Mexico and the surrounding waters (to include all of Alaska, Hawaii, the Caribbean and Central America). To account for the effect of the sea level change, postglacial rebound, earthquakes and subsidence, this datum will also provide information on these changes. Detailed description of the definition, realization and maintenance of the datum is proposed. The challenges in realization and maintaining the datum are also discussed.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Altamimi", 
        "givenName": "Zuheir", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Collilieux", 
        "givenName": "Xavier", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-32997-5", 
        "978-3-642-32998-2"
      ], 
      "name": "Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Towards the Unification of the Vertical Datum Over the North American Continent", 
    "pagination": "253-258", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0d04ce4774996582ebb9943782424297beb91e03e0e9386db6073b7c6a999a10"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1002734137"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Berlin, Heidelberg", 
      "name": "Springer Berlin Heidelberg", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002734137"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T12:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000244.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

134 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      33 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0909
3 schema:author N72133d7b765a4c6eb850bc5632a8917d
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-22078-4_33
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-011-0506-7
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s001900000145
9 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10156-010-0016-1
10 schema:datePublished 2013
11 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-01-01
12 schema:description The United States adopted the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) for its official vertical datum in the 1990s. Canada has been using the Canadian Geodetic Vertical Datum (CGVD28) for its height applications since the 1930s. The use of the different datums causes inconsistent heights across the border between the two countries, and the topographic height data from the two countries are not compatible. Both datums rely on passive control and significant pre-modern survey data, yielding not only misalignment of the datums to the best known global geoid at approximately 1–2 m, but also local uplift and subsidence issues which may significantly exceed 1–2 m in extreme cases. Today, the GNSS provides the geometric (ellipsoidal) height to an accuracy of 1–2 cm globally. The use of current inaccurate vertical datums no longer serves the purpose it once did. Because of this, users have begun to demand a physical height system that is closely related to the Earth’s gravity field to a comparable accuracy. To address this need, government agencies of both countries are preparing the next generation of vertical datums. Even if the new datums are based on the same concepts and parameters, it is possible to have inconsistent heights along the borders due to the differences in the realization of the datums. To avoid inconsistency, it is in the interest of both countries to have a united, seamless, highly accurate vertical datum. The proposed replacements for CGVD28 and NAVD88 shall be based on GNSS positioning and a high accuracy gravimetric geoid that covers the territories of the United States, Canada, Mexico and the surrounding waters (to include all of Alaska, Hawaii, the Caribbean and Central America). To account for the effect of the sea level change, postglacial rebound, earthquakes and subsidence, this datum will also provide information on these changes. Detailed description of the definition, realization and maintenance of the datum is proposed. The challenges in realization and maintaining the datum are also discussed.
13 schema:editor N2106a24daf8140d497203045ddb9d10a
14 schema:genre chapter
15 schema:inLanguage en
16 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
17 schema:isPartOf N554f46bb10634819bed21d4daa54af16
18 schema:name Towards the Unification of the Vertical Datum Over the North American Continent
19 schema:pagination 253-258
20 schema:productId N4e98538f2b7a4fd18b460d66eb045717
21 N822fe9a710e247a1b8f140f2233b6136
22 N84acffb59b204587ba407ccc9e1165d1
23 schema:publisher Nac74bdc6aae74157bcbac62c581517fe
24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002734137
25 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36
26 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T12:29
27 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
28 schema:sdPublisher N8918751230604cac80add71c4cd26e2b
29 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36
30 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
31 sgo:sdDataset chapters
32 rdf:type schema:Chapter
33 N2106a24daf8140d497203045ddb9d10a rdf:first N6861d2649981446cb3508413efe899bd
34 rdf:rest Na8eeb543347a43779aa7eaa732b7c1a1
35 N4e98538f2b7a4fd18b460d66eb045717 schema:name doi
36 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-32998-2_36
37 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
38 N554f46bb10634819bed21d4daa54af16 schema:isbn 978-3-642-32997-5
39 978-3-642-32998-2
40 schema:name Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences
41 rdf:type schema:Book
42 N59c92418a3d6400db332b8300ec2c87e rdf:first sg:person.012473371217.65
43 rdf:rest N6d64823da4d14598a54b046ab74840a3
44 N6861d2649981446cb3508413efe899bd schema:familyName Altamimi
45 schema:givenName Zuheir
46 rdf:type schema:Person
47 N6d64823da4d14598a54b046ab74840a3 rdf:first sg:person.012560102507.28
48 rdf:rest N7b0bf42b8f974bae93545f6e28c75f00
49 N72133d7b765a4c6eb850bc5632a8917d rdf:first sg:person.016654516201.56
50 rdf:rest N59c92418a3d6400db332b8300ec2c87e
51 N7b0bf42b8f974bae93545f6e28c75f00 rdf:first sg:person.011767643345.36
52 rdf:rest Nfd8ab94ddf88411ab0ec22b27789ccde
53 N822fe9a710e247a1b8f140f2233b6136 schema:name readcube_id
54 schema:value 0d04ce4774996582ebb9943782424297beb91e03e0e9386db6073b7c6a999a10
55 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
56 N84acffb59b204587ba407ccc9e1165d1 schema:name dimensions_id
57 schema:value pub.1002734137
58 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
59 N8918751230604cac80add71c4cd26e2b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
60 rdf:type schema:Organization
61 Na8eeb543347a43779aa7eaa732b7c1a1 rdf:first Nf45b74b5419b45bda248cf14657639de
62 rdf:rest rdf:nil
63 Nac74bdc6aae74157bcbac62c581517fe schema:location Berlin, Heidelberg
64 schema:name Springer Berlin Heidelberg
65 rdf:type schema:Organisation
66 Ne01abe2039574aebaa5a0ace675aa4d2 rdf:first sg:person.012144612471.10
67 rdf:rest rdf:nil
68 Nf45b74b5419b45bda248cf14657639de schema:familyName Collilieux
69 schema:givenName Xavier
70 rdf:type schema:Person
71 Nfd8ab94ddf88411ab0ec22b27789ccde rdf:first sg:person.011537241004.41
72 rdf:rest Ne01abe2039574aebaa5a0ace675aa4d2
73 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
74 schema:name Engineering
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 anzsrc-for:0909 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
77 schema:name Geomatic Engineering
78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
79 sg:person.011537241004.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f
80 schema:familyName Wang
81 schema:givenName Y. M.
82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011537241004.41
83 rdf:type schema:Person
84 sg:person.011767643345.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.202033.0
85 schema:familyName Huang
86 schema:givenName J.
87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011767643345.36
88 rdf:type schema:Person
89 sg:person.012144612471.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22072.35
90 schema:familyName Sideris
91 schema:givenName M. G.
92 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012144612471.10
93 rdf:type schema:Person
94 sg:person.012473371217.65 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.202033.0
95 schema:familyName Véronneau
96 schema:givenName M.
97 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012473371217.65
98 rdf:type schema:Person
99 sg:person.012560102507.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f
100 schema:familyName Roman
101 schema:givenName D. R.
102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012560102507.28
103 rdf:type schema:Person
104 sg:person.016654516201.56 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f
105 schema:familyName Smith
106 schema:givenName D. A.
107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016654516201.56
108 rdf:type schema:Person
109 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007730107
110 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-49350-1_41
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-22078-4_33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045420828
113 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22078-4_33
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044099318
116 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-008-0221-1
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 sg:pub.10.1007/s00190-011-0506-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018357342
119 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-011-0506-7
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 sg:pub.10.1007/s001900000145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024652202
122 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001900000145
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10156-010-0016-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024677199
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.202033.0 schema:alternateName Natural Resources Canada
127 schema:name Geodetic Survey Division, CCRS, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
129 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22072.35 schema:alternateName University of Calgary
130 schema:name University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
131 rdf:type schema:Organization
132 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410486.f schema:alternateName National Geodetic Survey
133 schema:name National Geodetic Survey, Silver Spring, MD, USA
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...