Breeding of the Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis) in India View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2012

AUTHORS

Suresh Chandra Das , Sudripta Das , Mridul Hazarika

ABSTRACT

The indigenous Assam tea plant was discovered by Robert Bruce in 1823. However, commercial tea cultivation was initiated in India during 1834, using a China tea plant. The better cup quality produced by the Assam tea plant popularized it as an important planting material in the tea industries of the country. Seeds were the only source of propagation until the discovery of the vegetative method. As a result, seed jat populations of unknown parents created a wide range of genetic variation and resulting inconsistency in their performance. Considering the need for improved planting materials for the tea industry, Tocklai Experimental Station (TES) Tea Research Association, initiated a tea breeding programme in 1930, under which germplasms were collected based on trait specific phenotypic characteristics. Promising plants selected from heterogeneous jat populations as well as from wild tea patches were characterized and preserved in the gene bank of TES, along with some of the non-tea Camellia species for utilization in the breeding programmes. The Tea Research Foundation, United Planters’ Association of Southern India (UPASI), initiated a similar program in 1963 and collected germplasms were preserved in their gene bank. The technique of vegetative propagation, standardized in 1955, provided scope for developing improved clonal cultivars as well as biclonal seed cultivars through hybridization. From the selected plants from old seed jats and progenies of biclonal hybrids, 153 locally adapted and 31 universal clones were developed for the tea industry. Under polyploid breeding triploids, tetraploids and aneuploids were produced through hybridization, out of which high yielding quality triploid plants were selected, cloned and made available for plantation. Water logging tolerant genotypes have been selected and used as parents in the breeding programme for the development of tolerant cultivars and progenies. EST’s have been developed from Camellia species and a cDNA library was constructed. Marker development for draught resistance and blister blight disease is under progress using cDNA-AFLP and EST-SSR techniques. Transgenic technology has been developed and vector construction is completed to confer resistance against blister blight. The micropropagation technique has also been standardized for quick multiplication of these biotechnologically modified plantlets. Details of tea breeding in India are discussed in this chapter. More... »

PAGES

69-124

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028877109


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0703", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Crop and Pasture Production", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482359.1", 
          "name": [
            "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Das", 
        "givenName": "Suresh Chandra", 
        "id": "sg:person.01155357552.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155357552.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482359.1", 
          "name": [
            "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Das", 
        "givenName": "Sudripta", 
        "id": "sg:person.01240506003.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01240506003.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482359.1", 
          "name": [
            "Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hazarika", 
        "givenName": "Mridul", 
        "id": "sg:person.01353570065.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01353570065.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2012", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2012-01-01", 
    "description": "The indigenous Assam tea plant was discovered by Robert Bruce in 1823. However, commercial tea cultivation was initiated in India during 1834, using a China tea plant. The better cup quality produced by the Assam tea plant popularized it as an important planting material in the tea industries of the country. Seeds were the only source of propagation until the discovery of the vegetative method. As a result, seed jat populations of unknown parents created a wide range of genetic variation and resulting inconsistency in their performance. Considering the need for improved planting materials for the tea industry, Tocklai Experimental Station (TES) Tea Research Association, initiated a tea breeding programme in 1930, under which germplasms were collected based on trait specific phenotypic characteristics. Promising plants selected from heterogeneous jat populations as well as from wild tea patches were characterized and preserved in the gene bank of TES, along with some of the non-tea Camellia species for utilization in the breeding programmes. The Tea Research Foundation, United Planters\u2019 Association of Southern India (UPASI), initiated a similar program in 1963 and collected germplasms were preserved in their gene bank. The technique of vegetative propagation, standardized in 1955, provided scope for developing improved clonal cultivars as well as biclonal seed cultivars through hybridization. From the selected plants from old seed jats and progenies of biclonal hybrids, 153 locally adapted and 31 universal clones were developed for the tea industry. Under polyploid breeding triploids, tetraploids and aneuploids were produced through hybridization, out of which high yielding quality triploid plants were selected, cloned and made available for plantation. Water logging tolerant genotypes have been selected and used as parents in the breeding programme for the development of tolerant cultivars and progenies. EST\u2019s have been developed from Camellia species and a cDNA library was constructed. Marker development for draught resistance and blister blight disease is under progress using cDNA-AFLP and EST-SSR techniques. Transgenic technology has been developed and vector construction is completed to confer resistance against blister blight. The micropropagation technique has also been standardized for quick multiplication of these biotechnologically modified plantlets. Details of tea breeding in India are discussed in this chapter.", 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-642-31877-1", 
        "978-3-642-31878-8"
      ], 
      "name": "Global Tea Breeding", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "breeding programs", 
      "tea plants", 
      "planting material", 
      "tea industry", 
      "gene bank", 
      "improved planting materials", 
      "Tea Research Foundation", 
      "blister blight disease", 
      "good cup quality", 
      "tea breeding programmes", 
      "United Planters Association", 
      "tolerant genotypes", 
      "tolerant cultivars", 
      "clonal cultivars", 
      "quick multiplication", 
      "tea breeding", 
      "vegetative methods", 
      "vegetative propagation", 
      "blight disease", 
      "tea cultivation", 
      "specific phenotypic characteristics", 
      "micropropagation techniques", 
      "universal clones", 
      "transgenic technology", 
      "blister blight", 
      "marker development", 
      "triploid plants", 
      "promising plant", 
      "cup quality", 
      "unknown parents", 
      "plants", 
      "cDNA-AFLP", 
      "germplasm", 
      "Camellia species", 
      "genetic variation", 
      "cDNA library", 
      "cultivars", 
      "breeding", 
      "draft resistance", 
      "seeds", 
      "progeny", 
      "vector construction", 
      "phenotypic characteristics", 
      "southern India", 
      "Robert Bruce", 
      "plantations", 
      "India", 
      "blight", 
      "only source", 
      "cultivation", 
      "hybridization", 
      "genotypes", 
      "tetraploid", 
      "resistance", 
      "plantlets", 
      "triploids", 
      "industry", 
      "hybrids", 
      "ESTs", 
      "aneuploids", 
      "population", 
      "program", 
      "species", 
      "Camellia", 
      "clones", 
      "parents", 
      "wide range", 
      "water", 
      "discovery", 
      "quality", 
      "patches", 
      "utilization", 
      "library", 
      "development", 
      "variation", 
      "banks", 
      "multiplication", 
      "countries", 
      "source", 
      "association", 
      "propagation", 
      "need", 
      "progress", 
      "disease", 
      "chapter", 
      "Jats", 
      "technology", 
      "Research Foundation", 
      "range", 
      "characteristics", 
      "similar programs", 
      "scope", 
      "results", 
      "Bruce", 
      "technique", 
      "performance", 
      "materials", 
      "detail", 
      "foundation", 
      "method", 
      "TES", 
      "inconsistencies", 
      "Research Association", 
      "construction"
    ], 
    "name": "Breeding of the Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis) in India", 
    "pagination": "69-124", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1028877109"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028877109"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-08-04T17:19", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220804/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_375.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

183 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      130 URIs      120 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0604
3 anzsrc-for:0607
4 anzsrc-for:07
5 anzsrc-for:0703
6 schema:author N73b7d35b52ec459c97c072cdca0c61ec
7 schema:datePublished 2012
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-01-01
9 schema:description The indigenous Assam tea plant was discovered by Robert Bruce in 1823. However, commercial tea cultivation was initiated in India during 1834, using a China tea plant. The better cup quality produced by the Assam tea plant popularized it as an important planting material in the tea industries of the country. Seeds were the only source of propagation until the discovery of the vegetative method. As a result, seed jat populations of unknown parents created a wide range of genetic variation and resulting inconsistency in their performance. Considering the need for improved planting materials for the tea industry, Tocklai Experimental Station (TES) Tea Research Association, initiated a tea breeding programme in 1930, under which germplasms were collected based on trait specific phenotypic characteristics. Promising plants selected from heterogeneous jat populations as well as from wild tea patches were characterized and preserved in the gene bank of TES, along with some of the non-tea Camellia species for utilization in the breeding programmes. The Tea Research Foundation, United Planters’ Association of Southern India (UPASI), initiated a similar program in 1963 and collected germplasms were preserved in their gene bank. The technique of vegetative propagation, standardized in 1955, provided scope for developing improved clonal cultivars as well as biclonal seed cultivars through hybridization. From the selected plants from old seed jats and progenies of biclonal hybrids, 153 locally adapted and 31 universal clones were developed for the tea industry. Under polyploid breeding triploids, tetraploids and aneuploids were produced through hybridization, out of which high yielding quality triploid plants were selected, cloned and made available for plantation. Water logging tolerant genotypes have been selected and used as parents in the breeding programme for the development of tolerant cultivars and progenies. EST’s have been developed from Camellia species and a cDNA library was constructed. Marker development for draught resistance and blister blight disease is under progress using cDNA-AFLP and EST-SSR techniques. Transgenic technology has been developed and vector construction is completed to confer resistance against blister blight. The micropropagation technique has also been standardized for quick multiplication of these biotechnologically modified plantlets. Details of tea breeding in India are discussed in this chapter.
10 schema:genre chapter
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf Nc2b33c129de047ca944a64f561ccf56f
13 schema:keywords Bruce
14 Camellia
15 Camellia species
16 ESTs
17 India
18 Jats
19 Research Association
20 Research Foundation
21 Robert Bruce
22 TES
23 Tea Research Foundation
24 United Planters Association
25 aneuploids
26 association
27 banks
28 blight
29 blight disease
30 blister blight
31 blister blight disease
32 breeding
33 breeding programs
34 cDNA library
35 cDNA-AFLP
36 chapter
37 characteristics
38 clonal cultivars
39 clones
40 construction
41 countries
42 cultivars
43 cultivation
44 cup quality
45 detail
46 development
47 discovery
48 disease
49 draft resistance
50 foundation
51 gene bank
52 genetic variation
53 genotypes
54 germplasm
55 good cup quality
56 hybridization
57 hybrids
58 improved planting materials
59 inconsistencies
60 industry
61 library
62 marker development
63 materials
64 method
65 micropropagation techniques
66 multiplication
67 need
68 only source
69 parents
70 patches
71 performance
72 phenotypic characteristics
73 plantations
74 planting material
75 plantlets
76 plants
77 population
78 progeny
79 program
80 progress
81 promising plant
82 propagation
83 quality
84 quick multiplication
85 range
86 resistance
87 results
88 scope
89 seeds
90 similar programs
91 source
92 southern India
93 species
94 specific phenotypic characteristics
95 tea breeding
96 tea breeding programmes
97 tea cultivation
98 tea industry
99 tea plants
100 technique
101 technology
102 tetraploid
103 tolerant cultivars
104 tolerant genotypes
105 transgenic technology
106 triploid plants
107 triploids
108 universal clones
109 unknown parents
110 utilization
111 variation
112 vector construction
113 vegetative methods
114 vegetative propagation
115 water
116 wide range
117 schema:name Breeding of the Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis) in India
118 schema:pagination 69-124
119 schema:productId N4e97b7bff1a94540a6ecce6393ba1051
120 N7d1174a1693247798214a4fc0725bae6
121 schema:publisher N2fa61de4ad6a405bbb9507e23170ed6f
122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028877109
123 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3
124 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-08-04T17:19
125 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
126 schema:sdPublisher Nc3eba88352e945aebcddbf7e270add06
127 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3
128 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
129 sgo:sdDataset chapters
130 rdf:type schema:Chapter
131 N2fa61de4ad6a405bbb9507e23170ed6f schema:name Springer Nature
132 rdf:type schema:Organisation
133 N4e97b7bff1a94540a6ecce6393ba1051 schema:name dimensions_id
134 schema:value pub.1028877109
135 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
136 N6488b6f245884835a91b8c03fcf5fc6c rdf:first sg:person.01240506003.46
137 rdf:rest N6f9307f5f45b42e28beddd62793a0725
138 N6f9307f5f45b42e28beddd62793a0725 rdf:first sg:person.01353570065.81
139 rdf:rest rdf:nil
140 N73b7d35b52ec459c97c072cdca0c61ec rdf:first sg:person.01155357552.09
141 rdf:rest N6488b6f245884835a91b8c03fcf5fc6c
142 N7d1174a1693247798214a4fc0725bae6 schema:name doi
143 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-642-31878-8_3
144 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
145 Nc2b33c129de047ca944a64f561ccf56f schema:isbn 978-3-642-31877-1
146 978-3-642-31878-8
147 schema:name Global Tea Breeding
148 rdf:type schema:Book
149 Nc3eba88352e945aebcddbf7e270add06 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
150 rdf:type schema:Organization
151 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
152 schema:name Biological Sciences
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
155 schema:name Genetics
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
158 schema:name Plant Biology
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
161 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 anzsrc-for:0703 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
164 schema:name Crop and Pasture Production
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 sg:person.01155357552.09 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.482359.1
167 schema:familyName Das
168 schema:givenName Suresh Chandra
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155357552.09
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.01240506003.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.482359.1
172 schema:familyName Das
173 schema:givenName Sudripta
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01240506003.46
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.01353570065.81 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.482359.1
177 schema:familyName Hazarika
178 schema:givenName Mridul
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01353570065.81
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 grid-institutes:grid.482359.1 schema:alternateName Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India
182 schema:name Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, 785008, Jorhat, Assam, India
183 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...