Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2013-06-25

AUTHORS

Véronique C. Garçon , Thomas G. Bell , Douglas Wallace , Steve R. Arnold , Alex Baker , Dorothee C. E. Bakker , Hermann W. Bange , Nicholas R. Bates , Laurent Bopp , Jacqueline Boutin , Philip W. Boyd , Astrid Bracher , John P. Burrows , Lucy J. Carpenter , Gerrit de Leeuw , Katja Fennel , Jordi Font , Tobias Friedrich , Christoph S. Garbe , Nicolas Gruber , Lyatt Jaeglé , Arancha Lana , James D. Lee , Peter S. Liss , Lisa A. Miller , Nazli Olgun , Are Olsen , Benjamin Pfeil , Birgit Quack , Katie A. Read , Nicolas Reul , Christian Rödenbeck , Shital S. Rohekar , Alfonso Saiz-Lopez , Eric S. Saltzman , Oliver Schneising , Ute Schuster , Roland Seferian , Tobias Steinhoff , Pierre-Yves Le Traon , Franziska Ziska

ABSTRACT

Why a chapter on Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science in this book? SOLAS science by its nature deals with interactions that occur: across a wide spectrum of time and space scales, involve gases and particles, between the ocean and the atmosphere, across many disciplines including chemistry, biology, optics, physics, mathematics, computing, socio-economics and consequently interactions between many different scientists and across scientific generations. This chapter provides a guide through the remarkable diversity of cross-cutting approaches and tools in the gigantic puzzle of the SOLAS realm.Here we overview the existing prime components of atmospheric and oceanic observing systems, with the acquisition of ocean–atmosphere observables either from in situ or from satellites, the rich hierarchy of models to test our knowledge of Earth System functioning, and the tremendous efforts accomplished over the last decade within the COST Action 735 and SOLAS Integration project frameworks to understand, as best we can, the current physical and biogeochemical state of the atmosphere and ocean commons. A few SOLAS integrative studies illustrate the full meaning of interactions, paving the way for even tighter connections between thematic fields. Ultimately, SOLAS research will also develop with an enhanced consideration of societal demand while preserving fundamental research coherency.The exchange of energy, gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by a variety of biological, chemical and physical processes that operate across broad spatial and temporal scales. These processes influence the composition, biogeochemical and chemical properties of both the oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers and ultimately shape the Earth system response to climate and environmental change, as detailed in the previous four chapters. In this cross-cutting chapter we present some of the SOLAS achievements over the last decade in terms of integration, upscaling observational information from process-oriented studies and expeditionary research with key tools such as remote sensing and modelling.Here we do not pretend to encompass the entire legacy of SOLAS efforts but rather offer a selective view of some of the major integrative SOLAS studies that combined available pieces of the immense jigsaw puzzle. These include, for instance, COST efforts to build up global climatologies of SOLAS relevant parameters such as dimethyl sulphide, interconnection between volcanic ash and ecosystem response in the eastern subarctic North Pacific, optimal strategy to derive basin-scale CO2 uptake with good precision, or significant reduction of the uncertainties in sea-salt aerosol source functions. Predicting the future trajectory of Earth’s climate and habitability is the main task ahead. Some possible routes for the SOLAS scientific community to reach this overarching goal conclude the chapter. More... »

PAGES

247-306

Book

TITLE

Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles

ISBN

978-3-642-25642-4
978-3-642-25643-1

Author Affiliations

  • LEGOS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 31401, Toulouse, Cedex 9, France
  • Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ, Norwich, UK
  • Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, 15000, B3H 4R2, Halifax, NS, Canada
  • School of Earth & Environment, Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT, Leeds, UK
  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany
  • Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, GE01, St George’s, Bermuda
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l’Environnement (LSCE), Orme Des Merisiers, 91191, Gif sur Yvette, France
  • LOCEAN/CNRS/UPMC/IRD, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75252, Paris Cedex O5, France
  • Institute for Marine and Antarctic Science, University of Tasmania, 7005, Hobart, TAS, Australia
  • Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar & Marine Research, Bremerhaven and Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
  • Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, University of Bremen, 330440, 28334, Bremen, Germany
  • Department of Chemistry, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
  • TNO, 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • Department of Physical Oceanography, Institut de Ciènces del Mar-CSIC, 08003, Barcelona, Spain
  • School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawai, 96822, Honolulu, HI, USA
  • IWR, University of Heidelberg, Speyerer Street 6, 69115, Heidelberg, Germany
  • Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich, Universitätsstrasse 16, 8092, Zürich, Switzerland
  • Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, 351640, 98195, Seattle, WA, USA
  • Department of Marine Technologies, Operational Oceanography and Sustainability, IMEDEA-CSIC, 07190, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • Department of Oceanography, Texas A & M University, 77843, College Station, TX, USA
  • Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, V8L 4B2, Sidney, BC, Canada
  • Geophysical Institute and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Allégaten 70, NO-5007, Bergen, Norway
  • University of Bergen/Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allégaten 55, 5007, Bergen, Norway
  • National Centre of Atmospheric Science (NCAS), University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
  • IFREMER, Laboratoire d’Océanographie Spatiale, CentreMéditerraneé, Zone Portuaire de Brégaillon, CS20 330, 83507, La Seyne-sur-Mer Cedex, France
  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • Institute of Physical Chemistry Rocasolano - CSIC, 28006, Madrid, Spain
  • Department of Earth System Science, University of California, 92697, Irvine, CA, USA
  • College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Hatherly Laboratories, Prince of Wales Road, EX4 4PS, Exeter, UK
  • CNRM-GAME/GMGEC/ASTER & IPSL/LSCE, Toulouse, France
  • IFREMER and Mercator Ocean, Toulouse, France
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-25643-1_5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-25643-1_5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046661472


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    116 meaning
    117 model
    118 modelling
    119 nature deals
    120 observational information
    121 ocean commons
    122 oceanic
    123 optics
    124 optimal strategy
    125 overarching goal
    126 parameters
    127 particles
    128 perspective
    129 physical processes
    130 physics
    131 pieces
    132 possible routes
    133 precision
    134 prime component
    135 process
    136 process-oriented studies
    137 project
    138 properties
    139 puzzle
    140 realm
    141 reduction
    142 relevant parameters
    143 remarkable diversity
    144 remote sensing
    145 research
    146 research coherency
    147 response
    148 rich hierarchy
    149 route
    150 satellite
    151 scale
    152 science
    153 scientific community
    154 scientific generations
    155 scientists
    156 sea-salt aerosol source function
    157 selective view
    158 sensing
    159 significant reduction
    160 situ
    161 societal demands
    162 source function
    163 space scales
    164 spectra
    165 state
    166 strategies
    167 study
    168 subarctic North Pacific
    169 sulfide
    170 system
    171 system functioning
    172 system response
    173 task
    174 temporal scales
    175 terms
    176 terms of integration
    177 thematic fields
    178 tight connection
    179 time
    180 tool
    181 trajectories
    182 tremendous efforts
    183 uncertainty
    184 variety
    185 view
    186 volcanic ash
    187 way
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