Modified Carbon Nanotubes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Aarón Morelos-Gómez , Ferdinando Tristán López , Rodolfo Cruz-Silva , Sofia M. Vega Díaz , Mauricio Terrones

ABSTRACT

It is well known that carbon nanotubes possess outstanding electrical and mechanical properties, and if they are modified these properties can be improved or other novel characteristics can appear. In addition, these modified carbon nanotubes, being different from their pure counterparts, now require additional studies to assess their toxicity and biocompatibility. Generally speaking, carbon nanotubes can be classified as single-, double- or multi-walled, and each type can be modified; For example, these tubular structures can be doped with foreign atoms, incorporate structural defects, and/or be functionalized with different molecules. These local modifications greatly modify their electronic and chemical properties, and can be understood by using a variety of microscopy and spectroscopy techniques. In Sect. 6.1, we describe the general concepts and synthesis for the main doping types. In Sect. 6.2, we focus on the different types of defects that can be introduced into nanotubes so as to modify their physicochemical properties. Section 6.3 discusses the categories of nanotube chemical functionalization and their resulting effects. The electrochemical properties of modified carbon nanotubes are an important topic that needs further investigation, and Sect. 6.4 reviews the latest advances in this area. The characterization techniques mainly used to study modified carbon nanotubes are reviewed in Sect. 6.5. Some applications of modified carbon nanotubes are described in Sect. 6.6. Finally, aspects of the toxicity and biocompatibility of modified carbon nanotubes are presented in Sect. 6.7. The chapter finally provides an outlook and perspectives in the field. More... »

PAGES

189-232

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  • Book

    TITLE

    Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials

    ISBN

    978-3-642-20594-1
    978-3-642-20595-8

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-20595-8_6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20595-8_6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021076001


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    292 schema:description It is well known that carbon nanotubes possess outstanding electrical and mechanical properties, and if they are modified these properties can be improved or other novel characteristics can appear. In addition, these modified carbon nanotubes, being different from their pure counterparts, now require additional studies to assess their toxicity and biocompatibility. Generally speaking, carbon nanotubes can be classified as single-, double- or multi-walled, and each type can be modified; For example, these tubular structures can be doped with foreign atoms, incorporate structural defects, and/or be functionalized with different molecules. These local modifications greatly modify their electronic and chemical properties, and can be understood by using a variety of microscopy and spectroscopy techniques. In Sect. 6.1, we describe the general concepts and synthesis for the main doping types. In Sect. 6.2, we focus on the different types of defects that can be introduced into nanotubes so as to modify their physicochemical properties. Section 6.3 discusses the categories of nanotube chemical functionalization and their resulting effects. The electrochemical properties of modified carbon nanotubes are an important topic that needs further investigation, and Sect. 6.4 reviews the latest advances in this area. The characterization techniques mainly used to study modified carbon nanotubes are reviewed in Sect. 6.5. Some applications of modified carbon nanotubes are described in Sect. 6.6. Finally, aspects of the toxicity and biocompatibility of modified carbon nanotubes are presented in Sect. 6.7. The chapter finally provides an outlook and perspectives in the field.
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